Towards systemic change in urban sanitation - IRC Working paper

Galli, G., Nothomb , C., Baetings, E. (2014)

Published in: 2014
Pages: 36


Galli, G., Nothomb , C., Baetings, E.

Uploaded by:
SuSanA Admin

Partner profile:
common upload


Content - Summary

Change is imperative in the urban sanitation sector. Current models have not been delivering the services they are supposed to deliver and at the scale that is urgently required. Sanitation services that revolve mainly around networked systems (such as reticulated sewerage) (Trémolet and Binder, 2013) serve only a small and more affluent sector of society in bigger towns and cities in low- and middle-income countries. Serviced on-site systems, used by most of the people in urban settings (such as pit toilets, septic tanks, composting systems or holding tanks) are either not properly serviced or the effluent is mostly left untreated and disposed of into the environment (UNEP, et al., 2010; Baum, et al., 2013). Toilet facilities are insufficient in most cities, especially in the poor and densely-populated areas (UN-HABITAT, 2010). Where rudimentary sanitation systems exist, effluent is discharged directly into open drains (The World Bank and AusAid, 2013; WSP, 2014). Faecal sludge that is collected from on-site systems is often dumped, or sold directly to farmers without any treatment whatsoever (Verhagen, et al., 2012). Stormwater drains, which are filled with human and solid waste, stop functioning properly, and frequently contribute to flooding and contamination. To solve these problems is complex as they are not singular technical problems. A solution that considers its complex interconnected social, financial, environmental and institutional nature is therefore required.

Bibliographic information

Galli, G., Nothomb , C., Baetings, E. (2014). Towards systemic change in urban sanitation - IRC Working paper. IRC

Filter tags

Cities (WG6) English Urban (entire city)


Towards systemic change in urban sanitation

Format: pdf file
Size: 0.86 MB

Share this page on    

Follow us on    

SuSanA Partners  currently 360 partners

Sanitation events

SuSanA newsletter

Stay informed about the activities of SuSanA and its partners. The SuSanA newsletter is sent out around four times per year. It contains information about news, events, new partners, projects, discussions and publications of the SuSanA network.

Subscribe to newsletter »

Latest tweets mentioning SuSanA

Tweets mentioning SuSanA »

30th SuSanA meeting

The 30th SuSanA meeting - the first virtual of its kind - took place from August 17th to August 28th 2020. It was organised by the SuSana Secretariat with support and contributions from SuSanA Partners, Members, Working Groups and Regional Chapters.

Click here to get to the Meeting Page!

SuSanA meetings





Resources and publications

Our library has more than 3,000 publications, factsheets, presentations, drawings etc. from many different organisations. It continues to grow thanks to the contributions from our partners.

Add item to library »

The three links below take you to special groups of items in the library for more convenient access:


The project database contains nearly 400 sanitation projects of many different organizations dealing with research, implementation, advocacy, capacity development etc. Advanced filtering functions and a global map are also available. Information on how and why this database was created is here.

People working for SuSanA partners can add their own projects through their partner profile page. You might need your SuSanA login upgraded for this purpose. Please contact us if you would like to add a project.

Trainings, conference and events materials

Missed important conferences or courses? Catch up by using their materials for self study. These materials have been kindly provided by SuSanA partners.

Regional chapters

Use the map or the search tool to access the most relevant information and knowledge products for your region or country. This includes relevant resources, events, partners or projects.

Shit flow diagrams (SFDs), excreta flow diagrams

Shit flow diagrams (SFDs) help to visualize excreta management in urban settings. Access SFDs and more through the SFD Portal.




Discussion forum

Share knowledge, exchange experiences, discuss challenges, make announcements, ask questions and more. Hint: Your discussion forum login is the same as your SuSanA login. More about the forum's philosophy »

Integrated content

We are hosting content from some other communities of practice and information-sharing portals. This section also provides a link to SuSanA's Sanitation Wikipedia initiative.

Suggest content to add »

SuSanA partners

Not yet a SuSanA partner? Show your organisation's support to SuSanA's vision and engage in  knowledge sharing by becoming partners.

Apply to become a partner »

Individual membership

Register as an individual member of SuSanA free of charge. As a member you can interact with thousands of sanitation enthusiasts on the discussion forum.  You can also get engaged in one of our 13 working groups and our regional chapters. Our FAQs explain the benefits further.

By getting a SuSanA login you can fully participate in the SuSanA community!

Register as a member


Forgot your password?