Published in: 2009
International Ambition for Water Technology. WETSUS Congress, October 5-6 2009, Leeuwarden, Netherlands, Center of Excellence for sustainable water technology (WETSUS)
Winker, M., Vinneras, B., Muskolus, A., Arnold, U., Clemens, J.
The plant nutrients consumed in human society today are lost through the established wastewater treatment systems in industrialised countries as well as via insufficient or non-existent handling of sewage in the developing world. New sanitation systems have been designated to overcome this failure. The source separated wastewater streams collected within these systems contain a high nutrient content, and can be used as fertiliser as well as soil conditioner after appropriate storage and/or treatment. Application in agriculture with existing techniques is feasible. However, pathogens and pharmaceuticals contained in these fertiliser types are a potential hazard. Nevertheless, storage and appropriate treatment can minimise the risks. The products deriving from these systems have a high potential to preserve available plant nutrient resources and deficiencies in agriculture as well as being able to substitute synthetic plant nutrients and at the same time prevent unwanted environmental nutrient over-enrichment.
Winker, M., Vinneras, B., Muskolus, A., Arnold, U., Clemens, J. (2009). Fertiliser products generated within new sanitation systems. International Ambition for Water Technology. WETSUS Congress, October 5-6 2009, Leeuwarden, Netherlands, Center of Excellence for sustainable water technology (WETSUS)
Composting, vermicomposting (solid waste), composting toilets English Europe, Caucasus & Central Asia Faecal sludge treatment processes Faeces or faecal sludge Presentations Rural Urine Urine diversion dehydration toilets (UDDTs)
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