Published in: 2005
Austin, L.M. et al.
This literature review forms part of the Water Research Commission project “Strategy for the furtherance of knowledge and good practice of ecological sanitation (ecosan) technology in South Africa”.
This literature review represents the results of these aims. The review begins with a general overview of the South African sanitation experience, with specific reference to on-site technologies and the relationship between sanitation, the environment and public health. Design and management practices for UD toilets are then investigated, with examples from both South Africa and abroad. This is followed by a review of perceptions and experiences of UD toilet users around the world in order to establish how they are affected by design, implementation practices or other factors.
WRC Report No: TT 246/05
Austin, L.M. et al. (2005). Ecological Sanitation Literature Review. WRC
English Faeces or faecal sludge Sub-Saharan Africa Urine
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