Published in: 2012
Kenya Red Cross, Kenya
This report presents the findings from the pilot study. The findings of the study are presented sequentially in the report: following the methodology, activities and results and discussions of the evaluation. In the results a graphical analysis of the findings from the household evaluation is presented followed by the results of the FGDs.
The Kenya Red Cross Peepoo trial project was developed in close cooperation between Kenya Red Cross Society and Peepoople Kenya. The objectives of the project were to ascertain the effectiveness of the Peepoo solution for emergency sanitation, in this case in response to the recent flood disaster which lead to displacement and flooding of household toilets. The pilot was conducted in two project sites: Oriedo village in Oren sub location, Awasi Location and Nyachoda village in Ayweyo Sub location of Kochogo North Location. Simple random sampling techniques were used to select 40 households from the communities under the project areas.
The Peepoo trial targeted 20 households each from the two sites which had their latrines damaged by the floods. The areas were badly affected by floods and the people living around the areas moved to temporary evacuation sites but some remained in their homes, their latrines were submerged hence they were having low access to improved sanitation facilities which lead to faecal pollution of drinking water sources. Activities carried out in respect to the project time line and objectives to be achieved included; Field Orientation visit, Training of community leaders, Household marking, Distribution of Peepoo solution, Household follow up, Monitoring and evaluation. This trial was run from the 5th to the 22nd of May 2012.
Results of the FGDs revealed that the WATSAN activities implemented in the project areas during emergency are community sensitization on hygiene and sanitation and provision of household water treatment chemicals. The Peepoo program is beneficial to geographical zones along shores of the Lake Victoria and the Kano Plains. It is also beneficial to emergency situations i.e. flooding, mass humanitarian movement and villages with low latrine coverage.
The conclusion of the evaluation findings show that there is reason to believe that the Peepoo is a good sanitation product that can be used to scale up rapid access to safe sanitation as other structures (such as pit latrines) are being set up in emergency sanitation provision. Often when displacement is encountered, the setup of adequate sanitation facilities takes up time during this period, the chances of having a lot of open defecation and disease outbreaks are very likely. The Peepoo comes as a practical solution to scale up the provision of improved sanitation, as more cost effective facilities are being setup. Also, in areas where it becomes a challenge to setup pit toilets, particularly in flood affected areas where surface waters, high water table and collapsing formations prevent the installation of pit toilets, the Peepoo could be used as a practical solution to control contamination of water sources and provide safe sanitation solutions to disaster affected populations.
Owako, E. (2012). Nyando peepoo trial project report. Kenya Red Cross, Kenya
English Sub-Saharan Africa Urban informal settlements (slums)
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