Published in: 2012
4th International Dry Toilet Conference, Tampere, Finland
Pynnönen, K., Tuhkanen, T., Rieck, C., von Münch, E.
Nine schools were selected and visited in Nyanza and Western Provinces in Kenya in early 2012 in order to evaluate the performance of urine-diverting dry toilets (UDDTs) in schools a number of. The toilets had been built by the Ecosan Promotion Project (EPP) or had been independently self-sponsored by schools between 2008 and 2010. These school UDDTs were evaluated approximately two years after their construction. The schools were selected for this research on the basis of reasonable performance in operation and maintenance, cleanliness and good structural condition of their UDDTs. The main aspect of the evaluation was to find the key factors for success that led to good maintenance of UDDTs. Results indicated that benefits gained from the UDDTs were an important factor for ongoing motivation and success: the new UDDTs were in principle preferred to the old pit latrines in all the monitored schools, as they are comfortable to use, clean, not smelly and there was no risk of collapse of the toilet structure. These benefits were the major factors encouraging some schools to continue maintaining their UDDT facilities and to even construct new ones. The main problems observed were gradual or sudden disappearance of ecosan (ecological sanitation) knowledge at the school, blockages of urine pipes and an insufficient ratio of toilets to pupils.
Last updated: 8 Oct. 2012
Pynnönen, K., Tuhkanen, T., Rieck, C., von Münch, E. (2012). Two years after donor funding ended: success factors for schools to keep their urine-diverting dry toilets (UDDTs) clean and well maintained. 4th International Dry Toilet Conference, Tampere, Finland
English Schools Sub-Saharan Africa Urine diversion dehydration toilets (UDDTs)
Share this page on