Published in: 2011
WIN-SA Water Information Network, Gezine, South Africa
Rapid urbanisation has outpaced the ability of many African governments to
provide essential services - more people now lack access to reasonable sanitation services than in 1990. Yet the provision of new toilets is only part of the challenge facing municipalities across the region - the maintenance of those toilets already built cannot be forgotten. Most urban toilets need emptying within five years or less of being built. While these may not be emptied directly by urban municipalities, it is clear that for health to be safeguarded and the environment protected, the State needs to play a strong role in ensuring that toilets are emptied appropriately and the waste suitably handled.
WIN-SA (2011). What happens when the pit is full - A story of pits, PETs and managed sludges. WIN-SA Water Information Network, Gezine, South Africa
English Faecal sludge treatment processes Sub-Saharan Africa
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