Published in: 2011
Institute of Development Studies (IDS), Brighton, UK
Kar, K., Milward, K.
This paper draws on the extensive involvement of Kamal Kar with the spread of CLTS in Africa to describe the early stages of the process, to elaborate on its developments and to outline insights into the circumstances and features which have facilitated its rapid spread. Taking a broadly comparative approach which draws on the somewhat earlier experience of the spread of CLTS in Asia, it identifies aspects of the institutionalisation process and circumstances, including key individuals, that have contributed to the success of the approach in Africa. It also discusses challenges, however, noting several issues which may limit its impact and hinder its dissemination. In particular, the paper discusses some of the many adaptations made to CLTS in response to a wide range of pressures, varying country circumstances and strategy choices. These adaptations, it is claimed, should be made with a clear picture of what may be lost and gained by adopting them. As CLTS progresses further, it will be important to continue to grapple with
these issues, to acknowledge the lessons from adaptations that have had little success, and to retain a vision of the potential of CLTS to bring fundamental transformations in sanitation, health and rural lives.
Kar, K., Milward, K. (2011). Digging in, spreading out and growing up: Introducing CLTS in Africa - IDS Practice Paper 8. Institute of Development Studies (IDS), Brighton, UK
English Practitioners Rural Sub-Saharan Africa Sustainable WASH in institutions and gender equality (WG7)
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