Communal sanitation solutions for urban slums

2011 - 2016 • Institute for Financial Management and Research (IFMR), Quicksand, project Sammaan


To design a new programmatic infrastructure and physical structure that instills a sense of dignity while addressing issues affecting sanitation practices and encouraging community members to stop open-defecating.


This is an urban infrastructure project that seeks to design and build improved sanitation facilities in the cities of Bhubaneswar and Cuttack in the state of Orissa in India.
It provides a new, holistically re-imagined model for urban slum sanitation facilities in India reviewing:
- Business models
- Architectural designs
- Communication interventions
- And facility operation models.

Countries of activity

Location of main activity


Objective 1: To develop an innovative, sustainable, scalable urban community sanitation model which will reduce the incidence of open defecation and improve health among the urban poor in the implementing partner cities of Bhubaneswar and Cuttack.

Objective 2: Create a “toolkit” for successful urban sanitation infrastructure and management interventions based on the implementation and a rigorous evaluation of the project in two cities and disseminate the toolkit broadly through multiple channels.

Objective 3: Engage in advocacy to encourage adoption, scale-up and replication of these innovations beyond our intervention sites and throughout cities in Orissa and India.

Further information

The project is preparing for the construction phase by submitting formal project reports with both the Bhubaneswar Municipal Corporation and Cuttack Municipal Corporation as well as submitting the required tender documents. Following this, vendors will be vetted for building the facilities. Capacity-building and demand-generation exercises will continue going forward, as the team moves to complete work on the O&M guidelines and corresponding training manual. Additionally, the sewage strategy will be finalized soon. All of this, along with the activities in other workstreams, will be added to the toolkit.

Filter tags

Asia & Pacific Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation Community sanitation Decentralised wastewater treatment (e.g. DEWATS) Enabling environment and institutional strengthening Political processes and institutional aspects Practitioners Product design and engineering Specific to one or several countries Toilets or urinals (user interface) University, education or research institution Urban informal settlements (slums)


Centre for Development Finance, IFMR LEAD

The Centre for Development Finance (CDF) is one of three research centres at the Institute for Financial Management and Research (IFMR). IFMR was registered under the Societies Act 1860 on October 6, 1970 and was established to undertake research in the broad area of finance and to publish its findings so as to help policymakers. It is a Social Science Research Organisation that is approved by the Department for Science and Technology, Government of India.

view profile page

Share this page on    

Follow us on    

SuSanA Partners  currently 350 partners

Show all partners »

Sanitation events

SuSanA newsletter

Stay informed about the activities of SuSanA and its partners. The SuSanA newsletter is sent out around four times per year. It contains information about news, events, new partners, projects, discussions and publications of the SuSanA network.

Subscribe to newsletter »

Latest tweets mentioning SuSanA

Tweets mentioning SuSanA »

28th SuSanA meeting, Stockholm

The next SuSanA meeting will take place in Stockholm, Sweden. We will meet on the 24th of August, just before the World Water Week 2019 begins. More information will be available soon.

Find out more about the meeting! 

SuSanA meetings





Resources and publications

Our library has more than 2300 publications, factsheets, presentations, drawings etc. from many different organisations. It continues to grow thanks to the contributions from our partners.

Add item to library »

The three links below take you to special groups of items in the library for more convenient access:


The project database contains nearly 400 sanitation projects of many different organizations dealing with research, implementation, advocacy, capacity development etc. Advanced filtering functions and a global map are also available. Information on how and why this database was created is here.

People working for SuSanA partners can add their own projects through their partner profile page. You might need your SuSanA login upgraded for this purpose. Please contact us if you would like to add a project.

Trainings, conference and events materials

Missed important conferences or courses? Catch up by using their materials for self study. These materials have been kindly provided by SuSanA partners.

Regional chapters

Use the map or the search tool to access the most relevant information and knowledge products for your region or country. This includes relevant resources, events, partners or projects.

Shit flow diagrams (SFDs), excreta flow diagrams

Shit flow diagrams (SFDs) help to visualize excreta management in urban settings. Access SFDs and more through the SFD Portal.




Discussion forum

Share knowledge, exchange experiences, discuss challenges, make announcements, ask questions and more. Hint: Your discussion forum login is the same as your SuSanA login. More about the forum's philosophy »

Integrated content

We are hosting content from some other communities of practice and information-sharing portals. This section also provides a link to SuSanA's Sanitation Wikipedia initiative.

Suggest content to add »

SuSanA partners

Not yet a SuSanA partner? Show your organisation's support to SuSanA's vision and engage in  knowledge sharing by becoming partners.

Apply to become a partner »

Individual membership

Register as an individual member of SuSanA free of charge. As a member you can interact with thousands of sanitation enthusiasts on the discussion forum.  You can also get engaged in one of our 13 working groups and our regional chapters. Our FAQs explain the benefits further.

By getting a SuSanA login you can fully participate in the SuSanA community!

Register as a member


Forgot your password?