Thematic Discussion - FSM - India´s Pathway to 'Clean India'?

Project year: 2017 • India Sanitation Coalition - ISC


To discuss Faecal Sludge Management in the Indian context


Under the umbrella of the SuSanA Indian Chapter, the India Sanitation Coalition in partnership with SuSanA, held a three-week thematic discussion on Faecal Sludge Management in the Indian context.

As India strives for a “Swachh Bharat” (clean India) Faecal Sludge Management (FSM) has become a common term, although no fixed definition is in place. In urban India, septic tanks are common in non-sewered areas. It is estimated about 38% households in urban centres are connected to a septic tank. In rural areas, about 14.7% are. Additionally, pit toilets with a designed life of 7-8 years need regular emptying and these are being built at a fast pace under SBM. Thus, the problem of FSM will only grow in the future necessitating creative and new solutions.

With this Thematic Discussion Series (TDS) the SuSanA India Chapter in cooperation with India Sanitation Coalition would like to draw attention to the issue of FSM in India. A lot of information has already been given and discussed. The aim of the TDS is to summarize the different views on FSM from international level to local realities in India. With the upcoming conference FSM4 happening in Chennai in February 2017, this discussion should lead to a solid baseline of information about the understanding of FSM in India.

The discussion ran from 10th January - 30th January 2017 with the following topics:

1) FSM beyond awareness and tools, led by Antoinette Kome of SNV (10th-16th Jan)

2) Creating systems for whole cities- City sanitation planning and the role of FSM in the case of India with Dirk Walther from GIZ Project SNUSP (17th- 23rd Jan).

3) Engaging the private sector in FSM led by India Sanitation Coalition (24th-30th Jan)

India Sanitation Coalition created two videos (please see links section below) about the context of FSM in India and private engagement opportunities:

- Vandana Nath on FSM in India

- Shipra Saxena on private engagement in FSM

The full forum discussion and a synthesis document can be found in the links section below.

Countries of activity

Location of main activity

Filter tags

Asia & Pacific Emptying and transport (non sewered) Faecal sludge treatment processes Specific to one or several countries Treatment of faecal sludge


India Sanitation Coalition
New Delhi

The India Sanitation Coalition has been established to bring organisations and individuals together on a common platform to find sustainable solutions for sanitation through dissemination of best practices, partnerships and collaboration and advocacy. The Coalition Mandate Success is attainable with a solid foundation. For this, the India Sanitation Coalition will operate with the following mandate: Vision To enable and to support an ecosystem for sustainable sanitation Mission To be an aggregator of knowledge and networks with nationwide outreach, focusing on models for achieving sustainable sanitation in alignment with the Swachh Bharat Mission and its goals Purpose To bring organisations and individuals together to find sustainable solutions for sanitation through a platform for corporates, civil society groups, government, financial institutions, media, donors/ bilaterals/ multilaterals, experts etc. The India Sanitation Coalition aims at bringing together all actors in the sanitation space to drive sustainable sanitation through a partnership mode. While FICCI serves the role of the secretariat of the coalition, the work of the coalition will be carried out by 4 taskforces composed of coalition members. Taskforce 1 -Advocacy, Branding and Communication Taskforce 2 - Identification and Dissemination of Best Practices Taskforce 3 - Engagement with Central and State Governments Taskforce 4 - Partnerships, Collaboration and, Growing the Members of the Coalition

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