Cookie tracking notice
Are we allowed to crumble with cookies and anonymous tracking?

We use cookies on our website. Some of them are essential for the operation of the site (so called session cookies), while others help us to improve this site and the user experience (tracking cookies). We use the application Matomo and the external service etracker to analyze your behavior on our website anonymously. Because we value your privacy, we are here with asking your permission to use the following technologies. You can change your settings any time via this link or the menu item in footer menu. For more information visit our Data Policy

Securing Water For Food (SWFF) - Circular economy with blackwater and greywater recycling for cultivation of exotic vegetables by women Farmers Groups in India under Securing Water for Food

2017 - 2020 • WASTE


To establish a local circular economy model in sanitation for agriculture that is scalable and autonomous with mobilisation of private finance and market-linkage approach


The economic condition in Nilgiris (India) depends on success and failure of horticulture crops. Climate change has resulted in limited water availability for 4-6 months. Excessive application of chemical fertilisers has resulted in declining soil fertility. Additionally, faecal sludge & solid waste in the area are poorly managed impacting the environment.

To change this negative cycle, women farmers in the Nilgiris buy and apply co-compost. This co-compost is produced by women self-help groups through mixing domestic organic waste with faecal sludge. The sites are owned by local governments. Women farmers are organised into Women Farmers Groups or Producer Groups. They access the market directly by obtaining advance purchase orders by an agri-marketing company named LEAF to procure crops grown by farmers (to eliminate middle-men).

Women farmers who use co-compost were surveyed. Familiarity and high demand for regular compost makes the adoption process of co-compost much easier. Promotion of co-compost is marketed directly through FPGs & FGs. Regular feedback sessions with farmers on co-compost helps to understand their needs and gets “social certification” from them.

-Establishment of faecal sludge treatment sites in cooperation with women SHGs and local governments
-Organisation of private faecal sludge collectors
-Capacity building (technical and business) of women SHGs to operate co-compost production sites
-Production, sales and marketing of co-compost with ongoing monitoring and evaluation
-Organisation of women farmers into Groups or Producer Groups
-Development of business plans by women farmers and linkage MFIs
-Obtainment of advance purchase order and linkage to agri-marketing companies
-Regular feedback sessions with farmers


Image: SWFF-2 © n/a

Countries of activity

Location of main activity


The overall goal is to establish a local circular economy model in sanitation for agriculture that is scalable and autonomous with mobilisation of private finance and market-linkage approach to advance green growth.

Collaboration between public and private actors: Local governments, FPGs and FGs, agri-marketing company, MFIs and faecal sludge operators is essential for market-based approach FSM and to make the business case of co-compost site viable.

Further information

Impact at the end of 3-years programme:
-2250 farmers adopting the innovation and 11,250 people impacted by the innovation
-900 ha of land under improved practices as a result of the innovation
-40,500 m3/year of water reallocated for irrigation as a result of greywater recycling
-1,040 of co-compost produced
-85% of farmers financed
-1.5 times of grant funding leveraged locally

Partners involved:
-RDO Trust (India): Local implementer; Mobilization of women farmers (NGO)
-Ketti and Addigaratty Town Panchayats (Governments)
-Women Farmers Groups and Companies (Demand)
-A group of private faecal sludge collectors (Businesses)
-A group of women SHGs who operate the co-compost production sites (Businesses)
-Canara Bank (India): Access to loans for farmers for procurement of farming inputs (financiers)
-LEAF (India): Procurement of crops grown by farmers (financiers)
-Borda (Germany): Technical expertise on greywater recycling (NGO)
-USAID (The United States of America): Investor
-SIDA (Sweden): Investor
-DGIS (The Government of the Netherlands): Investor
-Government of South Africa: Investor

Contact information

Priska Prasetya
Login to see the e-mail-adress of the contact person.

Lauren Pope
Login to see the e-mail-adress of the contact person.

Filter tags

Biogas systems Composting, vermicomposting (solid waste), composting toilets Dutch government East Asia & Pacific Enabling environment and institutional strengthening Energy: biogas Faecal sludge treatment processes Faeces or faecal sludge Fertiliser Food security and productive sanitation Greywater or wastewater International NGO Market development Other funding source or unspecified Resource recovery Rural Rural areas Specific to one or several countries Swedish government Treatment of faecal sludge United States government

Attached files

Presentation about this project at SuSanA meeting (Aug 2019)

Format: pdf file
Size: 0.92 MB

Project report (2019)

Format: pdf file
Size: 1.58 MB

Circular Economy Model with Black and Greywater Recycling in India (August 2019)

Format: pdf file
Size: 43.78 MB


WASTE advisers on urban environment and development
The Hague

WASTE works towards sustainable improvement of the urban poor's living conditions and the urban environment in general. Our multi-year, multi-country programmes and projects have a focus on bottom-up development in relation to recycling, solid waste management, ecological sanitation and knowledge sharing. WASTE, located in the Netherlands, teams up with organisations in Africa, Asia, Latin America and Eastern Europe that share its goals and approaches.

view profile page

Uploaded by:
Lauren Pope (lpope)

Share this page on    

Follow us on    

SuSanA Partners  currently 391 partners

Show all partners »

Networks Circle


Sanitation events

SuSanA newsletter

Stay informed about the activities of SuSanA and its partners. The SuSanA newsletter is sent out around four times per year. It contains information about news, events, new partners, projects, discussions and publications of the SuSanA network.

Subscribe to newsletter »

Latest tweets mentioning SuSanA

  • 25-11-2022 22:17SuSanA:
    RT @gwopa: Call for Engagement extended! Are you a water and sanitation practitioner? Are you involved in supporting public operators? Are… »
  • 25-11-2022 12:37SuSanA:
    Need some Friday afternoon #inspo for cool and fearless ladies in the workplace? (The answer is always yes). Then… »
  • 25-11-2022 11:17SuSanA:
    RT @WASHClusterGlob: 💧'The vision of UNICEF Water is putting knowledge to work in order to ensure that the basic human rights of access to… »
  • 24-11-2022 19:22SuSanA:
    RT @gwopa: 📣Attention water and sanitation utilities and local governments! Your voices need to be heard at the #un2023waterconference. To… »
  • 24-11-2022 17:44Hannah Macpherson:
    RT @IDS_UK: New! 📢 Latest @BrownGold_GCRF blog by @DrHMac and @SanjayaDevkota2, giving an update on Mud Houses & what needs to be done to… »
  • 24-11-2022 14:53SuSanA:
    RT @IRCWASH: It saves lives, creates energy & even gives us a place for reflection. Toilets really are an amazing resource & one that conne… »

Tweets mentioning SuSanA »

32nd SuSanA Meeting

The 32nd virtual SuSanA Meeting took place Monday, 22nd of August (9:00 - 17:00 CEST), right before the Stockholm World Water Week. It was organised by the Secretariat with support and contributions from SuSanA Partners, Members, Working Groups, Regional Chapters and many more. 

Now meeting recordings and presentations available: Click here to get to the Meeting Page!

SuSanA meetings





Resources and publications

Our library has more than 3,000 publications, factsheets, presentations, drawings etc. from many different organisations. It continues to grow thanks to the contributions from our partners.

Add item to library »

The three links below take you to special groups of items in the library for more convenient access:


The project database contains nearly 400 sanitation projects of many different organizations dealing with research, implementation, advocacy, capacity development etc. Advanced filtering functions and a global map are also available. Information on how and why this database was created is here.

People working for SuSanA partners can add their own projects through their partner profile page. You might need your SuSanA login upgraded for this purpose. Please contact us if you would like to add a project.

Trainings, conference and events materials

Missed important conferences or courses? Catch up by using their materials for self study. These materials have been kindly provided by SuSanA partners.

Sanitation Workers Knowledge and Learning Hub

Regional chapters

Use the map or the search tool to access the most relevant information and knowledge products for your region or country. This includes relevant resources, events, partners or projects.

Shit flow diagrams, excreta flow diagrams (231 SFDs worldwide)

Shit flow diagrams (SFDs) help to visualize excreta management in urban settings. Access SFDs and more through the SFD Portal.

Emersan eCompendium




Discussion forum

Share knowledge, exchange experiences, discuss challenges, make announcements, ask questions and more. Hint: Your discussion forum login is the same as your SuSanA login. More about the forum's philosophy »

Integrated content

We are hosting content from some other communities of practice and information-sharing portals. This section also provides a link to SuSanA's Sanitation Wikipedia initiative.

Suggest content to add »

SuSanA partners

Not yet a SuSanA partner? Show your organisation's support to SuSanA's vision and engage in  knowledge sharing by becoming partners.

Apply to become a partner »

Individual membership

Register as an individual member of SuSanA free of charge. As a member you can interact with thousands of sanitation enthusiasts on the discussion forum.  You can also get engaged in one of our 13 working groups and our regional chapters. Our FAQs explain the benefits further.

By getting a SuSanA login you can fully participate in the SuSanA community!

Register as a member


Forgot your password?
Forgot your username?