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Extending technical support to the National Urban Livelihoods Mission (NULM) for convergence with Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM)

2017 - 2019 • Urban Management Centre (UMC)


To strengthen and sustain community engagement platforms for urban local bodies in India to deliver sanitation services, and to enhance opportunities for employment and enterprises development in sanitation.


Urban Management Centre (UMC) is providing technical support to facilitate convergence of missions (DAY-NULM and SBM) through a Technical Support Unit (TSU) established in Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA). The program is funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.

The TSU at the national level comprises of technical resources specializing in social mobilisation, sanitation, livelihoods, capacity building and monitoring and evaluation. The national TSU aims to strengthen the mission architecture to create an enabling environment; improve roll-out processes and monitoring at the state level to ensure efficiency and effectiveness; and support integration of sanitation under the NULM and other missions.
The technical resources at the state and city level are supporting in on-ground implementation in select cities in Odisha; handhold the city level mission teams to plug gaps in the last mile delivery of NULM activities; and feed the learnings from pilots at the state and city levels to the national TSU for scale-up.

Activities include:
1. Building capacity at the centre, state and city level for convergence of sanitation and livelihoods through :
o Strengthening mission management systems and architecture
o Identifying gaps in technical capacities of the national, state and city level missions, conduct training needs assessment and design tailor made training modules to deliver trainings.
o Developing staffing structure and financial framework for state and city level and recommend a staffing framework to fill the gaps.
o Propose peer-to-peer learning through national and international study tours, assist NULM in developing Learning Management System, integrate NULM’s e-learning training modules on Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA), and develop an audio app for mission functionaries.

2. Enhance Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) with communities on sanitation service delivery through strengthening the Social Mobilization and Institutional Development component.

3. Enable the urban poor to engage in sanitation related employment and enterprises development through:
o Strengthening employment through Skills Training & Placement (EST&P) and Self-Employment Program (SEP) components of the livelihood framework
o Bridge the gap between skill gap assessment and skilling, developing database of trained sanitation workers and providing access to missions including the SBM, AMRUT, National Health Mission (NHM), HfA and SCM.
o Improve financial literacy of the beneficiary and create favourable environment for financing of sanitation related enterprise
o Integrate sanitation in the mission framework, in skilling and employment


Image: Empowering Marginalized Groups - Convergence Between SBM and Day-NULM

Countries of activity

Location of main activity


The program has four key objectives:
i) strengthen NULM’s mission architecture and management systems
ii) strengthen capacity of national, state and city mission units
iii) support integration of sanitation under the urban livelihoods mission, and convergence with other missions and iv) use learnings from pilots in one state (Odisha) and its select cities to strengthen the mission.

Further information

UMC is also providing technical assistance in Odisha’s state unit, and in select cities to realise the convergence between SBM and NULM at the ground level.

Contact information

Manvita Baradi
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Filter tags

Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation Capacity development Cities East Asia & Pacific Enabling environment and institutional strengthening Government-owned entity (not university or research) Market development Operation, maintenance and sustainable services Political processes and institutional aspects Politicians and local decision makers Practitioners Public awareness, advocacy and civil society engagement Specific to one or several countries Urban informal settlements (slums)


Urban Management Centre

The UMC group of organizations works towards professionalizing urban management in India and South Asia. Since 1997, we have worked with urban local governments across India, Sri Lanka, Afghanistan, Nepal, Indonesia and several other countries, successfully delivering results across the spectrum of urban management contexts - from urban water and sanitation, heritage management, urban planning, municipal finance, climate change mitigation and adaptation to urban health system improvements. We are an urban-biased organization with focus on management and improvement of systems of urban local bodies. We provide technical assistance and support to city governments and facilitate change through peer-to-peer learning processes. With our understanding of adult learning pedagogies, capacity building and training, we work towards building individual and systemic capacities of cities. Though our network of local government associations, we combine the experience of local government practitioners with that of seasoned national and international consultants to design, implement and evaluate municipal development and urban management programs.

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Chitra Iyer (umcasia)

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