Community-owned and managed Water-Sanitation as catalyst for sustainable development


Project ongoing since: 1995 • Gram Vikas

Purpose

In the MANTRA approach, institutional and infrastructure systems are established in the participating villages

Activities

Gram Vikas realized that water and sanitation might be a critical entry point through which an entire community could come together to have their first experiential learning of inclusion. It was important to have a win-win solution for all the stakeholders in the village. It had to demonstrate how a socially inclusive, gender equitable, people-friendly and financially viable model of sustainable and holistic development can be initiated, where everybody benefits.

Those who had been previously excluded from most development activities, should become a part of the progress that the entire community is making. Those who have been perpetuating such exclusion should also benefit, since it is in their interest that every single individual in the village has access to a means of safe disposal of human waste.

The notion that rural communities need only low-cost (almost always taken to mean low- quality) solutions to their problems had become a part of the psyche of policy makers. There was abject neglect of the rural people’s needs and their aspirations. Plans rolled out from the top and histories of short-term low-quality fixes to problems in rural areas have contributed to the low self-esteem and dignity among the rural poor.

Infrastructure, Institutions and Finances:

In the MANTRA approach, institutional and infrastructure systems are established in the
participating villages. The systems package consists of the following components:
• Twin-pit pour flush toilets and bathing rooms (TBR) for every household in the village
• Piped water supply system (PWSS) with a source (bore well/sanitary well/spring) pumped diverted using electric/solar power or gravity flow into an overhead water reservoir/sump and distributed through two or three taps in every household
• The Village Executive Committee/Village Water and Sanitation Committee (VWSC) for the ownership and management of the Water and Sanitation systems
• The Village Corpus Fund, set up with initial contribution of Rs.1000 on average per household, maintained in a bank fixed deposit, whose interest income is to be used by the VWSC to provide financial assistance to new households coming up in the village to build TBR
• A maintenance fund managed by the VWSC to pay for regular upkeep and repairs of the PWSS

Integrating and Deepening Rural Water Sanitation & Hygiene Outcomes:
The second part of the MANTRA intervention takes place in villages where the infrastructure and institutional mechanisms have been completed. Gram Vikas provides technical and implementation support to the Village Water and Sanitation Committees to deepen their activities in the following areas:
• Safe Disposal of Excreta
• Personal Hygiene
• Kitchen Sanitation
• Water Management

Gram Vikas is now working towards interventions in the area of solid and liquid waste resource management in villages where the village community is interested.

Countries of activity

Location of main activity

Objectives

An institutional mechanism had to be developed around this programme, which would be the first experience for a village community in managing its own village institution and financial resources.
The marginalized sections of the community had to be given opportunities to sit together with the more powerful sections and negotiate issues regarding the village on equitable terms. This would help build the capacities of the people and instill in them high level of confidence. Villagers would learn how to deal with conflicts and act as pressure groups against vested interests within their village and outside. They learn to question and hold accountable the Village Committee elected by them. They would learn the ropes of maintaining public accounts, organizing general body meetings and elections.

Further information

Coverage:
Over the past two decades, Gram Vikas has been able to gradually expand the coverage of the
MANTRA approach across villages in Odisha. Since 2016, it is also working with rural communities
in Jharkhand. Demonstration projects were also taken up, in partnership with local organizations,
in Andhra Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh.

Funding:
Household and Community contribution, Government Grants to villages, Grants facilitated by Gram Vikas from donors/CSR

Contact information

Liby Johnson
Login to see the e-mail-adress of the contact person.

Filter tags

Asia & Pacific Behaviour change Capacity development Enabling environment and institutional strengthening India Local NGO Operation, maintenance and sustainable services Other funding source or unspecified Political processes and institutional aspects Rural Rural Specific to one or several countries Toilets or urinals (user interface)

Attached files

Gram Vikas - An Introduction June 2018

Format: pdf file
Size: 7.07 MB

Gram Vikas - Community-managed WASH model (June 2018)

Format: pdf file
Size: 0.12 MB

Gram Vikas - Community-owned Water Supply Systems (June 2018)

Format: pdf file
Size: 0.08 MB

Gram Vikas
Bhubaneswar
India


Gram Vikas, which literally translates to "Village Development", has been working for the well-being of tribal and marginalized communities in inaccessible rural areas for over a period of 35 years. Gram Vikas strives to promote sustainable, socially inclusive and gender equitable practices amongst these communities, thus enabling them to take control over their lives and reach a heightened sense of empowerment. Gram Vikas operates through its flagship model, titled "Movement and Action Network for Transformation of Rural Areas (MANTRA)", which has been in operation since 2004. The major tenets of this model include 100% inclusion of the target communities, creation of self-managed community institutions, focus on ensuring social and gender equity, cost sharing, and sustainability of the interventions implemented. This model uses water and sanitation as an entry point and moves on to other need based intervention on Health, Social Housing, Natural Resource Management and Food Security, and Renewable Energy.

view profile page

Share this page on    


Follow us on    

SuSanA Partners  currently 335 partners

Show all partners »

Sanitation events

SuSanA newsletter

Stay informed about the activities of SuSanA and its partners. The SuSanA newsletter is sent out around four times per year. It contains information about news, events, new partners, projects, discussions and publications of the SuSanA network.

Subscribe to newsletter »

Latest tweets mentioning SuSanA

  • 23-07-2018 13:09SuSanA:
    A friendly reminder for those who have not registered for the next #SuSanAWebinar on 'Knowing the unknown: Capturin? »
  • 22-07-2018 16:08MMC:
    Help Girls in Western-Zambia with Sanitary pads!! (Maboshe Memorial Centre (MMC)) - SuSanA Forum »
  • 20-07-2018 15:19Sophie Budge:
    RT @susana_org: Join the next #SuSanAWebinar on 'Knowing the unknown: Capturing and using sanitation knowledge effectively'. The webinar wi? »
  • 20-07-2018 14:15ImproveInternational:
    RT @susana_org: Join the next #SuSanAWebinar on 'Knowing the unknown: Capturing and using sanitation knowledge effectively'. The webinar wi? »
  • 20-07-2018 13:32SuSanA:
    Are you a youth aged 15-24 and interested in taking this challenge? Head over to the UN Special Rapporteur on the R? »
  • 20-07-2018 08:07Bjoern Pietruschka:
    RT @LaraN86: Did u know that the arab region has a tool to track #SDG progress!! Check it here @susana_org »

Tweets mentioning SuSanA »

26th SuSanA Meeting, Stockholm!

The 26th SuSanA meeting will take place in Stockholm, Sweden on 25 August 2018 prior to the Stockholm World Water Week. It will be hosted by the Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI) together with the SuSanA secretariat.

 

More information can be found on the meeting page »

SuSanA meetings

Jobs

 


close  

 

Resources and publications

Our library has more than 2300 publications, factsheets, presentations, drawings etc. from many different organisations. It continues to grow thanks to the contributions from our partners.

Add item to library »

The three links below take you to special groups of items in the library for more convenient access:

Projects

The project database contains nearly 400 sanitation projects of many different organizations dealing with research, implementation, advocacy, capacity development etc. Advanced filtering functions and a global map are also available. Information on how and why this database was created is here.

People working for SuSanA partners can add their own projects through their partner profile page. You might need your SuSanA login upgraded for this purpose. Please contact us if you would like to add a project.


Trainings, conference and events materials

Missed important conferences or courses? Catch up by using their materials for self study. These materials have been kindly provided by SuSanA partners.

Regional chapters

Use the map or the search tool to access the most relevant information and knowledge products for your region or country. This includes relevant resources, events, partners or projects.

Shit flow diagrams (SFDs), excreta flow diagrams

Shit flow diagrams (SFDs) help to visualize excreta management in urban settings. Access SFDs and more through the SFD Portal.

 


close  

 

Discussion forum

Share knowledge, exchange experiences, discuss challenges, make announcements, ask questions and more. Hint: Your discussion forum login is the same as your SuSanA login. More about the forum's philosophy »


Integrated content

We are hosting content from some other communities of practice and information-sharing portals. This section also provides a link to SuSanA's Sanitation Wikipedia initiative.

Suggest content to add »

SuSanA partners

Not yet a SuSana partner? Show your organisation's support to SuSanA's vision and engage in  knowledge sharing by becoming partners.

Apply to become a partner »


Individual membership

Register as an individual member of SuSanA free of charge. As a member you can interact with thousands of sanitation enthusiasts on the discussion forum.  You can also get engaged in one of our 13 working groups and our regional chapters. Our FAQs explain the benefits further.

By getting a SuSanA login you can fully participate in the SuSanA community!

Register as a member

Login


Forgot your password?

 


close