Transcent the Humanitarian - Development Divide: Philippines Approach to Total Sanitation, Haiyan Response, Philippines, 2013-2015
PhATS: Nationally agreed upon recovery and development strategy/project for promoting universal access to improved sanitation and hygiene behaviour with the entry point of ending the practice of open defecation by facilitating changes in social norms and building resilience.
PhATS provides a holistic framework not only focusing on basic sanitation with an incremental Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) component. Prioritizing sanitation demand creation is anchored in the promotion of supply-side interventions and multiple enabling environment conditions that fit within and support the socio-cultural, political and investment climate of the Philippines.
The Yolanda WASH Cluster partners have worked with the Department of Health and Department of Education, Philippines to develop a Sanitation Strategy for Early Recovery in Yolanda (Haiyan) affected areas based on the national Sanitation Policy. The Philippine Approach to Total Sanitation (PhATS) was designed to help the national government achieve the goals set forth in the Philippine Sustainable Sanitation Roadmap and the National Sustainable Sanitation Plan. It builds on these national instruments envisioning the creation of an open defecation free environment with safe disposal of liquid and solid wastes; the promotion of health and hygiene practices; and the strengthening of the enabling environment for sanitation and hygiene, through a phased and holistic approach to sanitation development.
PhATS aimed to provide a common framework for the achievement of zero open defecation (ZOD) status at sub - national level while providing implementation details to reach out to a large number of Yolanda affected Barangays and achieve the WASH Cluster Strategic Response Plan target to provide access to basic sanitation to about 1.2 Million people by end of 2015.
The rationale to have a specific Philippines specific sanitation approach is linked to the sector context prioritizing sanitation referring to the socio-economic, political and cultural context, including its development trajectory with slow progress on rural sanitation and regional and income group based inequities, the occurrence of frequent natural disasters and the current development aid architecture. PhATS also took note of the institutional set up of the sector, the potential links to national, regional, provincial and local institutions and recent patterns of public and private sector investment.
UNICEF's PhATS in the Philippines is a campaign to stop open defecation in rural communities. Created in partnership with Samaritan's Purse International Relief and other iNGOs.
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Asia & Pacific Australian government Behaviour change Camps (emergency or longer term) Canadian government Capacity development Community sanitation Constructed wetlands Decentralised wastewater treatment (e.g. DEWATS) Educators Emergency and reconstruction Enabling environment and institutional strengthening German government Greywater or wastewater Health and hygiene Market development Multilateral organisation Operation, maintenance and sustainable services Other philantropist foundation Peri-urban Political processes and institutional aspects Politicians and local decision makers Practitioners Product design and engineering Rural Rural areas Schools Specific to one or several countries Toilets or urinals (user interface) Treatment of wastewater or greywater UK government United States government Urban informal settlements (slums)
United Nations Childrens Fund
Simone Klawitter (Klawitter)
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