Leh Faecal Sludge Treatment Facility

2014 - 2016 • Bremen Overseas Research and Development Association (BORDA)


To treat faecal sludge from commercial establishments which were polluting Leh’s groundwater


The Faecal Sludge Treatment Plant in Ladakh, India, is one of the first in the world at such a high altitude treating faecal sludge from commercial establishments which were polluting Leh’s groundwater.

Leh has witnessed tremendous growth in the last ten years. More than 2,50,000 tourists visit Leh every month, a super sharp rise from the 30,000 visitors Leh used to get monthly till 2009-10. With the increase in the number of tourists, the number of hotels and guest houses have gone up considerably and needless to say, as has the amount of faecal sludge generated in Leh. Being a cold desert region, majority of households in Leh were dependent on dry toilets which use very little water. Underground water pollution was relatively unknown in Leh, as people would often directly consume underground water without filtering. But with the increasing number of hotels and new residences, Leh witnessed an economic boom and modern style flush toilets became common and so did the building of septic tanks. Overflowing septic tanks began leeching into the ground, resulting in brownish water coming from borewells. The municipal corporation realised the need for a faecal sludge management system.

The Municipal Council of Leh has also given extra land for the FSTP project so that in case the faecal sludge generation increases, there is enough land to extend the FSTP’s functional capabilities. The current capacity of the FSTP is to treat 12,000 litres of faecal sludge per day. Treatment process/Technology – Planted Drying Beds


Image: Leh FSTP

Countries of activity

Location of main activity

Further information

In partnership with CDD Society


Video on Fecal Sludge Treatment Plant in Leh

Contact information

Rajesh Pai
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Asia & Pacific Decentralised wastewater treatment (e.g. DEWATS) Europe, Caucasus & Central Asia Faecal sludge treatment processes German government International NGO Operation, maintenance and sustainable services Politicians and local decision makers Practitioners Product design and engineering Specific to one or several countries Treatment of faecal sludge Urban (entire city)


Bremen Overseas Research and Development Association

BORDA e.V. (Bremen Overseas Research & Development Association) is a German non-governmental organisation, headquartered in Bremen with a network of local partner organisations in more than 20 countries worldwide. Since founded in 1977, BORDA is active in the fields of poverty alleviation, sustainable protection of natural resources and the develops, implements and disseminates decentralised sustainable technologies and social measures for water, wastewater, energy and waste. Currently BORDA is focusing on decentralized sanitation solutions for the poor in peri-urban and urban areas in Africa, Asia and Latin America. To increase access to improved sanitation, BORDA provides demand oriented service packages including decentralised wastewater management solutions (DEWATS) and decentralised solid waste management (DESWAM). BORDA has regional offices in Tanzania, India, Jordan, Indonesia and Mexico. BORDA is mainly supported by the Federal German Ministry for Economic Cooperation & Development (BMZ) and the Hanseatic City of Bremen.

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