Policy analysis and research support in fecal waste management (FWM) in urban East Africa

2016 - 2019 • African Population and Health Research Center (APHRC)


To understand how to bridge the gaps between theory and practice in sanitation service delivery in rapidly urbanizing areas in East African countries


The Fecal Waste Management (FWM) project is a dual-inquiry into policy and practice along the sanitation value chain in East Africa. This three-year project seeks to improve and expand the implementation and resourcing of national sanitation policies in Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda. Anticipated project outcomes align with the Ngor Declaration of 2015, and Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 6.2 on Clean Water and Sanitation. The Ngor Declaration aims to see countries allocate fiscal spending of at least 0.5% of national Gross Domestic Product (GDP) towards sanitation. SDG 6.2 seeks to achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all; end open defecation while paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and other vulnerable populations. Overall, these investments are anticipated to have a five-fold return: socio-economic benefits including increased productivity of the working population, prevention of illness, prevention of disability, reduced healthcare costs and prevention of early death.

Countries of activity

Location of main activity


• Provide a roadmap for inclusive urban sanitation policy at national and sub-national level, consistent with SDG 6.2 and Ngor declaration as relates to FWM in Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania.
• Establish APHRC as an authority in sanitation research and policy within the East Africa region, especially focused on urban sanitation.
• Strengthen the integration and mainstreaming of gender into the sanitation guidelines for Africa

Further information

Seed capacity in African Population and Health Research Center to accelerate policy change around improving urban sanitation, including non-sewered sanitation and fecal sludge management

Research or implementation partners:
• African Ministers’ Council on Water (AMCOW)
• SuSanA network
• Sanergy
• Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Finance (WASH-FIN)

Filter tags

Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation Capacity development Cities Faecal sludge treatment processes Health and hygiene Politicians and local decision makers Public awareness, advocacy and civil society engagement Specific to one or several countries Sub-Saharan Africa University, education or research institution Urban (entire city)


African Population and Health Research Center

The African Population and Health Research Center (APHRC) is a leading Africa-based, African-led, international research institution headquartered in Nairobi, Kenya. APHRC engages in multidisciplinary, evidence-based policy research. Our researchers address important issues and challenges facing Africa in areas such as education, health, population, aging, urbanization and well-being. We engage with policy makers in the region to disseminate our research findings to influence policy decisions and improve the quality of life in Africa. APHRC is conducting a dual inquiry into policy and practice along the sanitation value chain in Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania. This project seeks to strengthen the implementation and resourcing of sanitation policies at the national and sub-national level in East Africa.

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