Achieving universal access to adequate, sustainable and equitable sanitation services (Babati Town, Tanzania)

2016 - 2018 • WaterAid


This project aims to identify which service delivery model to apply where and at what scale for universal access to sanitation in an urban location.


A cross-sectional study using both qualitative and quantitative methods will be applied to understand: 1) what motivates and drives people (households) to invest in and improve sanitation and hygiene practices in an urban context; 2) what drives institutions (government, donors, NGOs, authorities), and private sectors to invest and/or improve sanitation and hygiene practices in an urban context; 3) the main economics, social, political and institutional determinants of success for urban authorities to design and implement an inclusive sanitation and hygiene plan; and 4) the risks and potential factors (including public health hazards) that drive hygiene and sanitation behaviour change.

In addition, the study will contribute to development of Babati town-wide sanitation and hygiene adaptive master plan that promotes inclusive, sustainable and affordable hygiene and sanitation services for all. It will also contribute to the development of the ongoing of the Town Master Plan led by the Babati Town Council.


Detailed location of main activity  Countries of activity


This study therefore aims to contribute to answering the largely unanswered question in urban sanitation - how to identify which service delivery model to apply where and at what scale? The research project aims to contribute to the sector's understanding of how to achieve sustainable universal access to sanitation services in Babati Town, with a view to eventually up-scaling this lessons on sanitation in other urban areas of the country. Secondly, the study aims to demonstrate the conditions under which municipalities and citizens can co-produce and implement a town-wide sanitation plan that can deliver inclusive and sustainable sanitation services to all.

Contact information

Connie Benjamin
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Filter tags

Behaviour change Cities Enabling environment and institutional strengthening International NGO Operation, maintenance and sustainable services Other funding source or unspecified Political processes and institutional aspects Politicians and local decision makers Specific to one or several countries Sub-Saharan Africa Tanzania, United Republic of Urban (entire city)


United Kingdom

International NGO focused on water, sanitation and hygiene in low-income countries

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