Orissa state-level urban sanitation partnership - Piloting sustainable sanitation service delivery in two cities (Project Nirmal)

2014 - 2017 • Practical Action


To support a pilot in two small cities in the state of Odisha, India, in order to demonstrate a city-wide sanitation system for small cities strongly incorporating faecal sludge management techniques for on-site sanitation systems.


The project will be implemented in consultation and partnership with State Government and city authorities of Dhenkanal and Anugul Municipalities and the Project Management Structure that envisages a Project Steering Committee (PSC) to be chaired by the Secretary, Housing and Urban Development Department, Govt. of Odisha and the state and city level Project Management Units. The PSC will meet half-yearly and review project progress as well as provide inputs to and endorse project survey reports, DPRs etc. Project Management Units (PMUs) will be established at the state and city levels and will provide supports in terms of planning, technical, financial, policy, advocacy and capacity building.

The pilot demonstration will address the entire sanitation chain viz: public/ institutional toilets, toilet emptying & disposal, sludge treatment/reuse. Services of external experts will be taken where required for demonstration of appropriate technologies.

This project will be implemented in two small towns, i.e., Dhenkanal and Angul Municipalities in the State of Odisha. Both the cities together having 24,686 Households and 1, 11, 209 population. The project will cover the entire city in terms of generating database ( Baseline, GIS mapping), preparing City Sanitation Plan, Developing IEC and BCC Strategy, Developing Detailed Project Report, Market mapping of sanitation value chain and developing road map for involvement of Private Operator. The pilot demonstration will focus on safely and sustainably emptying toilets, disposing, treating and reusing sludge and related waste water.

Countries of activity

Location of main activity


To demonstrate State Government and Urban Local Bodies’ (ULBs) commitment towards sanitation service delivery in small cities
To ensure long term sustained capacity development of state and cities for effective sanitation service delivery.
To increase the number of households access to better sanitation services in pilot cities.

Further information

Research or implementation partners: Centre for Policy Research, New Delhi - the implementing partner of the project. It leads the research and advocacy components of the project.

Filter tags

Asia & Pacific Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation Capacity development Cities Emptying and transport (non sewered) Enabling environment and institutional strengthening Faecal sludge treatment processes International NGO Market development Operation, maintenance and sustainable services Political processes and institutional aspects Practitioners Specific to one or several countries Treatment of faecal sludge Urban (entire city)


Practical Action

Practical Action is a development charity that works with poor communities to help them choose and use technology to improve their lives for today and generations to come. Their vision is that of a world free of poverty and injustice in which technology is used to the benefit of all.

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