Business Analysis of Fecal Sludge Management: Emptying and Transportation Services in Africa and Asia - Draft final report

Chowdhry, S., Koné, D. (2012)

Published in: 2012

Publisher:
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Seattle, USA

Author:
Chowdhry, S., Koné, D.

Uploaded by:
SuSanA secretariat


10278 Views
713 Downloads

Content - Summary

This study was initiated and funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to map the urban sanitation situation and assess business and operating models for fecal sludge management in 30 cities across 10 countries in Africa and Asia, specifically focussing on the extraction and transportation market segments. The available information about fecal sludge emptying and transportation service delivery is both limited and weak. In a majority of cities, fecal sludge management (FSM), as a service to households, is largely ignored by local and national governments. Decision makers, entrepreneurs and investors in social businesses lack the necessary information – on market size, business opportunities, and profitability – to make FSM a functional component of the sanitation value chain. In many cases the entrepreneurs also lack recognition from the public utilities that they are providing these services to households that are not connected to the centralized sewers – which is the case for the majority of households in the surveyed cities.

The study was carried out in Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Kenya, Nigeria and Senegal in Africa and Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Malaysia and Vietnam in South/Southeast Asia. Three cities of varying population sizes in each country (under 100,000 to over 5 million) were selected to provide a view of a range of urban fecal sludge emptying and transportation situations and services. The study was conducted by a team of local consultants in each country and managed by a global coordinator. The approach used was to gather users’ perspectives through household surveys and to collect data on the financial and business models of the emptying service providers. For consistency of execution and data gathering by all ten-country teams, a common analytical framework was created outlining the survey questions for the households and business owners.

The study generated vast amounts of data from over 13,000 household surveys and 150 detailed financial surveys of fecal sludge emptying and transportation service providers. This report presents the comparative analysis based on these data from those surveys in the 30 cities. Details of each country study are also available in the final reports submitted by the country teams. Findings in this report refer only to the cities surveyed in the 10 countries and not to African or Asian countries in general and the analysis based on the information and data from the ten country reports.

Some regional trends were seen in the business operations between Africa and Asia:
- Average truck capacity in Asia is just over 3m3 and in Africa around 10m3 – tracking the differing average pit volumes;
- Pits in Asia average 2m3 vs. 7m3 in Africa;
- Age of emptying trucks in Africa is 15 to over 30 years and in Asia between 5 to 10 years;
- Local assembly of trucks in done in Asia, while businesses in Africa import second hand trucks; and
- The cost of the trucks is three times higher in Africa than in Asia.

To capture the full potential of the very large $134million market, this report presents several recommendations for consideration, including ways to support the scaling of the single truck operators to become mid to large sized operations. Access to finance is an area that will need to be addressed, as self-financing is very limiting and a very slow road to business growth. To save on fuel costs and increase truck efficiency, transfer stations must be introduced – either as permanent structures or in the form of innovative ideas such as the geo-tubes being tested in Malaysia. Furthermore, the experience in Malaysia has shown that regulating scheduled desludging is needed to enforce the correct operations of the septic tanks and maintaining predictable and steady income for the operators. Truck sourcing options need to be considered – especially local manufacturing or assembly – without which the capital outlay on poor quality vehicles in Africa would continue to adversely impact return on investment. A more effective supply chain is also needed with an inventory of spare parts to reduce the downtime of these expensive trucks.

Lastly, evaluating the financial viability of the businesses and affordability of their services to households addresses one piece of the ecosystem needed to create financially and environmentally sustainable business models. Without a safe place to dump the collected sludge, merely collecting and transporting it away from the households is effectively only relocating the sludge. Sludge treatment plants and sludge reuse are needed to complete this cycle to ensure a complete and effective sanitation value chain.

++++++++++++

Note: the individual country reports from the 10 countries are also available in this library.

Bibliographic information

Chowdhry, S., Koné, D. (2012). Business Analysis of Fecal Sludge Management: Emptying and Transportation Services in Africa and Asia - Draft final report. Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Seattle, USA

Filter tags

Asia & Pacific English Faecal sludge treatment processes Fundamental research and engineering Sub-Saharan Africa Urban (entire city)

Download

Business Analysis of Fecal Sludge Management: Emptying and Transportation Services in Africa and Asia

Format: pdf file
Size: 2.8 MB

Share this page on    


Follow us on    

SuSanA Partners  currently 336 partners

Sanitation events

SuSanA newsletter

Stay informed about the activities of SuSanA and its partners. The SuSanA newsletter is sent out around four times per year. It contains information about news, events, new partners, projects, discussions and publications of the SuSanA network.

Subscribe to newsletter »

Latest tweets mentioning SuSanA

  • 15-11-2018 18:15Abiodun G. Faseluka:
    RT @NanpetCJ: Webinar registration World Toilet Day »
  • 15-11-2018 15:03SuSanA:
    Are you ready for the next Stockholm World Water Week? The theme of the SWWW 2019 is ?Water for society- Including? »
  • 15-11-2018 14:56Climate Action:
    RT @susana_org: Join the upcoming SuSanA Webinar! Date: Monday 19 November 2018 - International World Toilet Day Time: 14.30-15.35 (CET) H? »
  • 15-11-2018 13:09SuSanA:
    ? 291.8 Mio. will be allocated to support vital sectors, of which ? 164 Mio. will go towards water, sanitation, env? »
  • 15-11-2018 12:26Federica Brenner:
    RT @UN_Water: Which #sanitation technology is the best for protecting #health? Join #WorldToiletDay webinar on 19 Nov to get all the detai? »
  • 15-11-2018 12:10Nanpet Chuktu:
    Webinar registration World Toilet Day »

Tweets mentioning SuSanA »

26th SuSanA Meeting, Stockholm

The 26th SuSanA meeting took place in Stockholm, Sweden on 25 August 2018 prior to the Stockholm World Water Week. It was hosted by the Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI) together with the SuSanA secretariat.

 

More information can be found on the meeting page »

SuSanA meetings

Jobs

 


close  

 

Resources and publications

Our library has more than 2300 publications, factsheets, presentations, drawings etc. from many different organisations. It continues to grow thanks to the contributions from our partners.

Add item to library »

The three links below take you to special groups of items in the library for more convenient access:

Projects

The project database contains nearly 400 sanitation projects of many different organizations dealing with research, implementation, advocacy, capacity development etc. Advanced filtering functions and a global map are also available. Information on how and why this database was created is here.

People working for SuSanA partners can add their own projects through their partner profile page. You might need your SuSanA login upgraded for this purpose. Please contact us if you would like to add a project.


Trainings, conference and events materials

Missed important conferences or courses? Catch up by using their materials for self study. These materials have been kindly provided by SuSanA partners.

Regional chapters

Use the map or the search tool to access the most relevant information and knowledge products for your region or country. This includes relevant resources, events, partners or projects.

Shit flow diagrams (SFDs), excreta flow diagrams

Shit flow diagrams (SFDs) help to visualize excreta management in urban settings. Access SFDs and more through the SFD Portal.

 


close  

 

Discussion forum

Share knowledge, exchange experiences, discuss challenges, make announcements, ask questions and more. Hint: Your discussion forum login is the same as your SuSanA login. More about the forum's philosophy »


Integrated content

We are hosting content from some other communities of practice and information-sharing portals. This section also provides a link to SuSanA's Sanitation Wikipedia initiative.

Suggest content to add »

SuSanA partners

Not yet a SuSana partner? Show your organisation's support to SuSanA's vision and engage in  knowledge sharing by becoming partners.

Apply to become a partner »


Individual membership

Register as an individual member of SuSanA free of charge. As a member you can interact with thousands of sanitation enthusiasts on the discussion forum.  You can also get engaged in one of our 13 working groups and our regional chapters. Our FAQs explain the benefits further.

By getting a SuSanA login you can fully participate in the SuSanA community!

Register as a member

Login


Forgot your password?

 


close