Cookie tracking notice
Are we allowed to crumble with cookies and anonymous tracking?

We use cookies on our website. Some of them are essential for the operation of the site (so called session cookies), while others help us to improve this site and the user experience (tracking cookies). We use the application Matomo and the external service etracker to analyze your behavior on our website anonymously. Because we value your privacy, we are here with asking your permission to use the following technologies. You can change your settings any time via this link or the menu item in footer menu. For more information visit our Data Policy

Faecal Sludge Management - Small Towns Project (Bangladesh)

2017 - 2020 • WaterAid


A municipality-led approach to mitigate the FSM challenges of small towns in two municipalities in Bangladesh. Research and technology development on the treatment and re-use of human and solid waste as an organic co-composting products.


Bangladesh has achieved remarkable success in reducing the open defecation rate from 34 percent in 1990 to one percent in 2015. The increase in sanitation coverage using septic tanks and pit latrines over last two decades means sludge volume from waste water discharge has increased. The reliance on on-site sanitation without any proper treatment options for faecal sludge leads to open dumping of human and other waste on a massive scale. This poses a national environmental and public health threat, as well as a missed economic opportunity. Due to rapid urbanization, the municipalities and towns are growing fast in Bangladesh amidst numerous problems including second generation sanitation challenges.

WaterAid is conducting pioneering research and technology development on treatment and reuse of human and solid waste as organic co-composting product. One of the successful FSM plants (Co compost plant) has been operated under the supervision of WaterAid.

A municipality led approach will be followed to mitigate the FSM challenge of the town to promote sustainable and safe collection and transportation of human and municipal waste services including scale up environmentally friendly faecal sludge treatment technology to convert municipal waste to resources.

WaterAid Bangladesh intends to work in two municipalities with two (2) existing local NGOs e.g. BASA and SKS Foundation in Sakhipur and Saidpur municipalities Tangail and Nilphamary districts.

Activities include:

1) Event organised for capacity building of duty bearers on FSM

2) FSM plant established for demonstration

3) Event organised for sector actor capacity building

4) Event organised for communities on safe management of faecal sludge and solid waste

5) Business plan for FSM developed

Countries of activity

Location of main activity


Project objectives include:

1. Enhance capacity of the small municipality to mitigate second generation sanitation challenges.
2. Establish FSM strategy of the town and ensure the service for the poor and marginalized community of the town.
3. Develop a sustainable business plan through private entrepreneurship in different stage of sanitation value chain.
4. Municipality led FSM and operation.
5. Role of FSM/co-composting recognised in national policies and regulation

Contact information

Connie Benjamin
Login to see the e-mail-adress of the contact person.

Filter tags

Capacity development Cities Composting, vermicomposting (solid waste), composting toilets East Asia & Pacific Emptying and transport (non sewered) Faecal sludge treatment processes Fertiliser Food security and productive sanitation International NGO Market development Other funding source or unspecified Resource recovery Specific to one or several countries Urban (entire city)


United Kingdom

International NGO focused on water, sanitation and hygiene in low-income countries

view profile page

Uploaded by:
SuSanA secretariat

Share this page on    

Follow us on    

SuSanA Partners  currently 400 partners

Show all partners »

Networks Circle


Latest SuSanA Blog Articles

  • 05-07-2024Lourdes Valenzuela:
    Brasilia June 2024: SIRWASH Dialogues: Public Policies for Economic Accessibility to Rural Water and Sanitation Services in the Context of Latin American and Caribbean Countries »
  • 11-06-2024 Ann Thomas:
    Nature Calls – why sanitation is the logical starting point for fighting climate change »
  • 07-05-2024Jeremy Kohlitz,Kaiea Ribanataake Awira,Ngaouea Neemia:
    Can Kiritimati become a model circular economy society? Water and sanitation as potential entry points »
  • 26-03-2024Alice Brandt ,Mascha Kaddori:
    Let’s get wild: Water, sanitation and hygiene at the human-wildlife interface »
  • 21-03-2024Tabeer Riaz:
    Empowering Young Women Water Professionals in South Asia: Leading the Wave of Change »
  • 12-03-2024Beauty Mkoba:
    Unlocking the potential of African Women in STEM through mentorship »
  • 08-03-2024Gloria Mariga :
    Mentorship empowers African women to lead environmental stewardship »

SuSanA Blog »

SuSanA newsletter

Stay informed about the activities of SuSanA and its partners. The SuSanA newsletter is sent out around four times per year. It contains information about news, events, new partners, projects, discussions and publications of the SuSanA network.

Subscribe to newsletter »




Resources and publications

Our library has more than 3,000 publications, factsheets, presentations, drawings etc. from many different organisations. It continues to grow thanks to the contributions from our partners.

Add item to library »

The three links below take you to special groups of items in the library for more convenient access:


The project database contains nearly 400 sanitation projects of many different organizations dealing with research, implementation, advocacy, capacity development etc. Advanced filtering functions and a global map are also available. Information on how and why this database was created is here.

People working for SuSanA partners can add their own projects through their partner profile page. You might need your SuSanA login upgraded for this purpose. Please contact us if you would like to add a project.

Trainings, conference and events materials

Missed important conferences or courses? Catch up by using their materials for self study. These materials have been kindly provided by SuSanA partners.

Shit flow diagrams, excreta flow diagrams (310 SFDs worldwide)

Shit flow diagrams (SFDs) help to visualize excreta management in urban settings. Access SFDs and more through the SFD Portal.

Emersan eCompendium

Humanitarian Sanitation Hub

Sanitation Workers Knowledge and Learning Hub




Discussion forum

Share knowledge, exchange experiences, discuss challenges, make announcements, ask questions and more. Hint: Your discussion forum login is the same as your SuSanA login. More about the forum's philosophy »

Integrated content

We are hosting content from some other communities of practice and information-sharing portals. This section also provides a link to SuSanA's Sanitation Wikipedia initiative.

Suggest content to add »

SuSanA partners

Not yet a SuSanA partner? Show your organisation's support to SuSanA's vision and engage in  knowledge sharing by becoming partners.

Apply to become a partner »

Individual membership

Register as an individual member of SuSanA free of charge. As a member you can interact with thousands of sanitation enthusiasts on the discussion forum.  You can also get engaged in one of our 13 working groups and our regional chapters. Our FAQs explain the benefits further.

By getting a SuSanA login you can fully participate in the SuSanA community!

Register as a member


Forgot your password?
Forgot your username?