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FSM3 Workshop 1A


Diagnostic Tools and Guidelines for FSM, with a focus on Faecal Waste Tracking and Public Health (Thursday 22 January, 09.00 – 12.30)

Organisations involved: WSP, WEDC, OPM, GIZ and Emory University

Lead organizer: Rebecca Scott, WEDC, Loughborough University

Key contacts responsible for developing and presenting the main components of the workshop: Suraja Raj (Emory University), Trevor Surridge (GIZ), Peter Hawkins (WSP)



The WSP study (Diagnostic Tools and Guidelines for FSM) is developing a range of diagnostic tools to enable assessment of current FSM services at a city-wide scale. These tools offer in-depth analysis of: faecal waste flows and characteristics of faecal sludge, status of service delivery elements, service provider capacity, customer demand, public health risk and political economy. Together, they form the basis for appraising appropriate intervention options, financial models and economic outcomes – which can support the use of existing tools designed to identify and plan solutions.

Rationale / Purpose

The workshop presented the overarching framework of the WSP FSM study, and focused on key diagnostic tools being developed by GIZ, Emory University and WSP. These tools are designed to: track faecal waste flows (SFDs), assess public health risks (SaniPATH) and assess economic outcomes of interventions (ESI). By using a mix of presentations, case study-based group work and open discussion, the participants became familiar with the range of tools through short presentations. Also, an opportunity to engage ‘hands-on’ with the tools in more depth was provided and ideas and experiences for enhancing the use and application of the tools to address FSM service delivery were offered.

Specific learning objectives
  1. The WSP framework: range of diagnostic tools enabling city-wide analysis of FSM services, leading to intervention planning
  2. Shit Flow Diagrams: a tool for presenting the tracking of faecal waste flows at city-wide scale being ‘rolled out’ by GIZ/SuSanA
  3. The Emory University SaniPATH tool: a tool for analysing and mapping public health risk at city-wide scale
  4. Economics of Sanitation Initiative (WSP): a tool for analysing the economic benefits gained from improving FSM services through appropriate interventions


*Diagnostic Tools and Guidelines for Fecal Sludge Management: Update on the current WSP program: Peter Hawkins, Senior Water and Sanitation Specialist, World Bank Group

*Improving FSM in Dhaka – evidence for planning future action: Nishtha Mehta, WS&S Specialist, World Bank, Washington. DC, Md Ashraful Habib Chowdhury, DWASA, Bangladesh

*Introduction to the SFD promotion initiative: Arne Panesar, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ)

*Public Health Rapid Risk Assessment Tool: Christine Moe, Suraja Raj, David Berendes, Eddy Perez, Center for Global Safe Water at Emory University

*Economics of Sanitation Initiative (ESI) Online Toolkit: Application for Fecal Sludge Management: Guy Hutton, Senior Economist, World Bank Group Water

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