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Sanitation Library

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1438 Views
23 Downloads

This Discussion Paper provides guidelines that will enable a design engineer to make a rational selection of the VIP latrine design option most appropriate to the community for which he is responsible. The designer is aiming at a technical choice that will be affordable to the householder and will give the best long-term service at the least cost. It is assumed for the purpose of this paper that …

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7334 Views
277 Downloads

1682 Views
80 Downloads

This paper presents a state-of-the-art review on the septic tank and septic systems. Information on design and functional aspects, and environmental effects of septic tank systems are presented. In addition, some important research needs as reported in the literature are pinpointed. It should be noted that this review paper contains neither standards nor rules and regulations pertaining to septic …

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5554 Views
84 Downloads

379 Views
28 Downloads

A reference manual for surveying, designing, and constructing gravity-flow water systems, with special reference to such projects as implemented by the Local Development Department of His Majesty's Government of Nepal

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1593 Views
30 Downloads

This document provides information on generic types of onsi te wastewater treatment and disposal systems. It contains neither standards for those systems nor rules and regulations pertaining to onsite systems. The design information presented herein is intended as technical guidance reflective of sound, professional practice. The intended audience for the manual includes those involved in the …

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571 Views
20 Downloads

The present article presents an integrative theoretical framework to explain and to predict psychological changes achieved by different modes of treatment. This theory states that psychological procedures, whatever their form, alter the level and strength of self-efficacy. It is hypothesized that expectations of personal efficacy determine whether coping behavior will be initiated, how much …

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525 Views
14 Downloads

116 Views
1 Downloads

115 Views
0 Downloads

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) is a milestone document in the history of human rights. Drafted by representatives with different legal and cultural backgrounds from all regions of the world, the Declaration was proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly in Paris on 10 December 1948 (General Assembly resolution 217 A) as a common standard of achievements for all peoples …

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210 Views
7 Downloads

Life skills-based hygiene education offers teachers the opportunity to help children obtain life skills by addressing hygiene issues. IRC is pleased to present this guidance document for the planning and development of life skills based education. It was prepared with financial support from UNICEF. It builds among others on the outcomes of the first life skills-based hygiene education workshop …

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677 Views
6 Downloads

Access to adequate water, sanitation, drainage and solid waste disposal are four inter-related basic needs which impact significantly on socio-economic development and quality of life. The number of people around the world who still do not have access to these basic facilities, despite enormous global effort over more than two decades,
provides sufficient evidence that conventional approaches …

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179 Views
0 Downloads

This session focuses on the changing terminology to describe sanitation work and workers, and persistent forms of stigma and discrimination that many workers face today. The speakers raise important questions about representation of workers in global and national-level advocacy, and the ongoing struggle to be recognised as an essential workforce.

Speakers

1. Dr. Sheeva Y. Dubey (Assistant …

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195 Views
1 Downloads

The COVID-19 pandemic reached South Asia at the beginning of 2020 and by March most of the countries in the region had imposed lockdowns in an attempt to curb the rampant spread of the disease. Severe restrictions on movement were introduced and businesses were closed. Only the provision of essential services – including sanitation and waste management – were permitted to …

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177 Views
4 Downloads

The rapid assessment attempts to collect information on the knowledge and awareness about transmission, symptoms, prevention and treatment of coronavirus, hand hygiene practices and concerns of sanitation workers and solid waste collectors about Covid-19 pandemic, the kind of safety measures put in place to protect these workers and the gaps that exist in terms of safety measures. Using …

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404 Views
2 Downloads

India hosted the 2018 Men’s Hockey World Cup tournament. The Government of Odisha was the official host for the tournament that was held from 28 November to 16 December 2018, at the Kalinga Stadium in Bhubaneswar. During the World Cup tournament, about 16 countries participated thus, the city expected many visitors both national and international. It was time for the city administration to …

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294 Views
1 Downloads

Business and development organisations have a common interest in shaping social, environmental and economic conditions that promote development in developing countries and emerging economies. For this, the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) established the develoPPP.de programme in collaboration with Hoermann KG that supports cooperation between the private …

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370 Views
3 Downloads

This Scheme is introduced to ensure that core sanitation services undertaken in urban areas of Odisha is done in a safe and dignified manner and shall come into force from the date of its notification and continue until further orders The Scheme will be implemented by the Housing & Urban Development Department through the 114 Urban Local Bodies of Odisha.

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217 Views
1 Downloads

1 This guidance is issued by the Health and Safety Executive. Following the guidance is not compulsory and you
are free to take other action. But if you do follow the guidance you will normally be doing enough to comply with
the law. Health and safety inspectors seek to secure compliance with the law and may refer to this guidance as
illustrating good practice.

2 This guidance covers …

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424 Views
2 Downloads

Sanitation issues are some of the most significant development challenges for Kampala City, Uganda. Like many other capital cities in developing countries, Kampala is experiencing rapid population and economic growth. However, provision of key services including adequate sanitation for the city population has not been in tandem with these developments. Kampala Capital City Authority (KCCA) with …

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268 Views
7 Downloads

Availability of adequate sanitation services is one of the most significant development challenges experienced in the rapidly growing Kampala city. Over 90% of Kampala’s population relies on on-site sanitation which include flush (pour and cistern) toilets, Urine Diversion Dehydrating Toilets (UDDTs), Ventilated Improved Pit Latrines (VIPs) and traditional pit latrines.
The toilets are put up …

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347 Views
19 Downloads

WASHaLOT 3.0 is a versatile design of a group handwashing facility that accommodates many users at the same time and a water-saving facility with automatically closing individual water outlets. To support the adaption of the WASHaLOT 3.0, documents are made available to the public to guide in the production process of the WASHaLOT 3.0.

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228 Views
0 Downloads

The movement of pathogens from the faeces of a sick person to where they are ingested by somebody else can take many pathways, some direct and some indirect. This diagram illustrates the main pathways. They are easily memorized as they all begin with the letter ‘f’: fluids (drinking water) food, flies, fields (crops and soil), floors, fingers and floods (and surface water generally).
This …

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354 Views
0 Downloads

Humanitarian emergencies increase the risk of transmission of infectious diseases and other health conditions such as severe malnutrition. An effective disease surveillance system is essential to detecting disease outbreaks quickly before they spread, cost lives and become difficult to control. WHO’s Early Warning, Alert and Response System (EWARS) is designed to improve disease outbreak …

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Stay informed about the activities of SuSanA and its partners. The SuSanA newsletter is sent out around four times per year. It contains information about news, events, new partners, projects, discussions and publications of the SuSanA network.

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32nd SuSanA Meeting

The 32nd virtual SuSanA Meeting took place Monday, 22nd of August (9:00 - 17:00 CEST), right before the Stockholm World Water Week. It was organised by the Secretariat with support and contributions from SuSanA Partners, Members, Working Groups, Regional Chapters and many more. 

Now meeting recordings and presentations available: Click here to get to the Meeting Page!

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Resources and publications

Our library has more than 3,000 publications, factsheets, presentations, drawings etc. from many different organisations. It continues to grow thanks to the contributions from our partners.

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The project database contains nearly 400 sanitation projects of many different organizations dealing with research, implementation, advocacy, capacity development etc. Advanced filtering functions and a global map are also available. Information on how and why this database was created is here.

People working for SuSanA partners can add their own projects through their partner profile page. You might need your SuSanA login upgraded for this purpose. Please contact us if you would like to add a project.


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Missed important conferences or courses? Catch up by using their materials for self study. These materials have been kindly provided by SuSanA partners.

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Shit flow diagrams, excreta flow diagrams (231 SFDs worldwide)

Shit flow diagrams (SFDs) help to visualize excreta management in urban settings. Access SFDs and more through the SFD Portal.

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Share knowledge, exchange experiences, discuss challenges, make announcements, ask questions and more. Hint: Your discussion forum login is the same as your SuSanA login. More about the forum's philosophy »


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We are hosting content from some other communities of practice and information-sharing portals. This section also provides a link to SuSanA's Sanitation Wikipedia initiative.

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Register as an individual member of SuSanA free of charge. As a member you can interact with thousands of sanitation enthusiasts on the discussion forum.  You can also get engaged in one of our 13 working groups and our regional chapters. Our FAQs explain the benefits further.

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