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131 Views
9 Downloads

The Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council (WSSCC) established the Global Sanitation Fund (GSF) in 2008. Since then, it has supported sanitation at scale through collective behaviour change in 13 countries in Africa and Asia. In 2016, it initiated a learning process to identify and analyse key factors impacting on equality and non-discrimination (EQND) within the 13 GSF-supported …

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130 Views
4 Downloads

Leading businesses are engaged in efforts to reimagine sanitation systems as a net contributor of resources and data while addressing critical human rights. More importantly these leaders are driving their companies to go beyond risk and compliance to bring transformative positive change to millions of people affected by their business operations.

Global companies employ several millions of …

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126 Views
7 Downloads

Children in rural Malawi live in environments heavily contaminated with pathogens that cause diarrhoea. Food hygiene and animal stool management are neglected areas of hygiene in research and programming. Improving food hygiene through behaviour change can significantly reduce diarrhoeal disease and should be integrated into programmes on water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) and nutrition. …

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125 Views
6 Downloads

The black soldier fly (BSF) can cope with a wide range of environmental conditions and the adult fly is not a vector of
disease. BSF larvae can consume different organic materials, including various organic wastes generated in large volumes within urban areas. By doing so, they reduce waste volume, grow into a protein-rich biomass and leave behind a nutrientrich residue. The harvested larvae can …

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125 Views
4 Downloads

This report presents a framework for preventing marine litter based on the source-to-sea conceptual framework presented in Granit et al., 2017 and the practitioners’ guidance for implementing the source-to-sea approach in Mathews et al., 2019. Addressing issues from the holistic perspective of the source-to-sea system and strengthening coordination between sectors is central to the …

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125 Views
5 Downloads

The 1990s undoubtedly is the Decade of the Environment. Not because the decade may be so designated, or because there will be another world conference on the topic. The designation applies because there exists today an awareness, even a fear that, unless we take some decisive action to protect the environment, we will suffer unacceptable consequences; that this decade indeed could be the last …

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123 Views
2 Downloads

The Aquaya Institute is conducting this research on urban sanitation economics under the Urban Sanitation Research Initiative. This brief is on sanitation policies, practices, and preferences in the city of Kisumu, Kenya.

SUMMARY

• The majority of low-income residents use basic unlined pit latrines but prefer water-based sanitation options, such as pour- or cistern-flush toilets to lined …

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123 Views
1 Downloads

The behaviour of pharmaceuticals related to the human immunodeficiency virus treatment was studied in the liquid phase of source-separated urine during six-month storage at 20°C. Six months is the recommended time for hygienization and use of urine as fertilizer. Compounds were spiked in urine as concentrations calculated to appear in urine. Assays were performed with separate compounds and as …

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118 Views
0 Downloads

The film uses the common sight of leaders making many promises in rural areas. It compels a child to take a glass of visibly polluted water from her village to the leader, requesting for clean water. The focus here is to bring to attention that a vote for safe water is what we need to ensure the safety of our children.

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117 Views
3 Downloads

The health of both coral reefs and people are imperiled by a local threat that is widespread across the globe—sewage and the typical components it carries (e.g., nutrients, sediments, heavy metals, endocrine disruptors, pathogens, and pharmaceuticals). Despite this common threat, those concerned with human health and those concerned with coral reef health have rarely joined forces. To …

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103 Views
4 Downloads

Only quite recently have we come to truly understand the many important linkages between land, freshwater and oceans. Generally, terrestrial, freshwater and marine specialists have tended to work independently from one another, with limited interaction. But with new insights into the complex relationship between different ecosystems – on land and in rivers, deltas, estuaries, nearshore and in …

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102 Views
0 Downloads

The film depicts a common scene on the railway platform, where there is no drinking water in the taps. The protagonist is a child waiting for his train to arrive who has his own bottle of water. He notices a thirsty child desperately trying to drink a few last drops of water from the railway platform tap. He then tries to help this other child.

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101 Views
0 Downloads

This document serves as a guideline containing all necessary steps and instructions to successfully set up your SuSanA partner profile. A relatively complete profile should take about 15 minutes to set up.

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99 Views
5 Downloads

The study used qualitative methods to assess the effects of a multi-modal school-based water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) intervention on handwashing behaviour among primary students in North Western (NW) Tanzania. Barriers and facilitators to handwashing were explored in the students who participated in the Mikono Safi Trial (Kiswahili for ‘Clean Hands). The intervention increased students' …

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99 Views
6 Downloads

The SDG 6.3.1 indicator report on “proportion of wastewater safely treated” describes the monitoring methodology developed and tested in consultation with wastewater experts, national sector experts and statistical authorities and harmonized with the International Recommendations for Water Statistics and established regional monitoring mechanisms.

The report also presents preliminary …

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99 Views
3 Downloads

A recent Lancet paper ranked handwashing in 21st place as a leading cause of Disability-Adjusted Life Years (DALYs) globally, stating: “The finding that no handwashing with soap is a global risk present in all regions is a reminder that this nexus of risks is relevant to all countries, not just the poorest.”

As such, it is important that we continue to seek to both learn more about …

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96 Views
18 Downloads

The Rich Earth Institute’s Urine Nutrient Reclamation Program (UNRP) is the first community-scale urine diversion program (UD program) in the United States. Initiated in 2012, we now divert thousands of gallons of urine from the wastewater stream annually. We recycle the urine into sanitized fertilizer and apply it to hay fields on participating farms in Windham County, Vermont. Demand for …

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87 Views
7 Downloads

In 2013, BMGF/DFID initiated a partnership to promote private sector participation in nonnetworked sanitation and improve capabilities of sanitation service authorities to govern these partnerships. Targeted cities were expected to have a clear mandate to provide urban services for all, including for the non-networked poor; and interest to develop and test models to engage the private sector in a …

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70 Views
2 Downloads

The OHI is considered a composite indicator because it combines many indicators into a comprehensive framework describing ocean health. This is in contrast to focusing on individual indicators, such as phosphate levels, sedimentation, biodiversity, etc. Individual indicators are important, but they provide limited information when it comes to evaluating how well an overall ecosystem is …

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67 Views
3 Downloads

Based on the WSSP-Compendium developed by WECF, teachers and pupils in rural areas of Romania, North Macedonia and Albania were trained on WSSP and WASH. In Romania, a WSSP training programme for teachers was set up and accredited at state level. Also, a guideline for small communities on risk-based drinking water management was developed. The project contributed to raising awareness and …

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64 Views
13 Downloads

Rural coastal areas of Small Island Developing States in the South Pacific are often characterized by high groundwater tables, flood proneness and scarce freshwater resources. Thin and permeable soil layers featuring a limited unsaturated zone make the groundwater lens below these islands highly vulnerable to microbiological and chemical contamination. The prevalent sanitation systems (i.e. …

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44 Views
2 Downloads

Kirtipur is one of the historical cities, which was declared as municipality among 58 municipalities under the Municipal Act in 1996 (2053 B. S., in Nepali calendar) within the Kathmandu valley. The total population of Kritipur Municipality is 65,602 residing in 19,941 households. People of Kritipur Municipality rely on either municipal water supply or from other sources. The main sources of …

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3 Downloads

Tokha Municipality is an ancient city of Kathmandu district in Province No. 3 of Nepal. The total population of Tokha Municipality is 99,032 residing in 25,561 households. Majority of people of Tokha Municipality are dependent on municipal water supply. People who do not have access to municipal water supply system get water from their own sources, mostly groundwater such as well and tap water. …

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0 Downloads

This factsheet is outlining current menstrual health and hygiene developments in Nepal. It also highlights the problems many girls and women encounter in accessing sanitary products.
In order to address this the production of sanitary pads by local women's cooperatives using sanitary pad machines, is supported by German Development Cooperation. These processes of facilitating the procurement …

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31 Views
1 Downloads

The tool aims to help city managers and decision makers working with Solid Waste Management (SWM) departments. The tool helps in identifying gaps related to vehicles and equipments in use and estimated future needs of the department. It further calculates the cost and estimates operations and maintenance expenditure for the same.

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