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296 Views
10 Downloads

Quick look at water and sanitation in Latin America 2016
A regional perspective based on data from the WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) for Water Supply and Sanitation and an inequality analysis using recent national household surveys and censuses

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296 Views
0 Downloads

The National Certificate (Vocational) offers Grade 9 learners a vocational alternative to an academic Grade 10-12 by offering specialised training on NQF levels 2-4.

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294 Views
8 Downloads

In sub‐Saharan Africa, informal markets account for more than 80% of the total food selling. Fish is a major protein source for households in Malawi and is commonly purchased from individual vendors. The aim of this study was to review national acts and policies and local regulations focused on fresh fish sold at open‐air markets or by mobile vendors and to further examine the water, …

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293 Views
2 Downloads

Coral reefs are in decline worldwide, and land-derived sources of pollution, including sewage, are a major force driving that deterioration. This review presents evidence that sewage discharge occurs in waters surrounding at
least 104 of 112 reef geographies. Studies often refer to sewage as a single stressor. However, we show that it is
more accurately characterized as a multiple stressor.Many …

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293 Views
9 Downloads

The Equality and Non-discrimination (EQND) and Community-led Total Sanitation (CLTS) Handbook provides practical guidance for ensuring that behaviour change interventions leave no one behind. Drawing on experience from across the sector, this handbook is specifically targeted towards those implementing or supervising CLTS interventions at the community level. Key features include a summary of …

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291 Views
1 Downloads

WOMENA RECOMMENDATIONS

The risk of developing Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS) for women using Menstrual Cups (MCs) is very
low.

In 1979-80, large numbers of menstruation-associated cases of TSS appeared. In the US alone, more
than 1000 cases were reported in 1980. An ultra-absorbent tampon (Rely) was identified as a main
reason for this spike, but many other products were also associated, for …

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290 Views
11 Downloads

Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) for urban populations is one of UNICEF’s emerging areas of focus, highlighted in its Global WASH Strategy (2016–2030). ‘Megacities’ have unique challenges, and often house disproportionately high numbers of women and children who are severely neglected in terms of access to WASH and other essential services. Over many years, UNICEF Bangladesh has been …

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288 Views
0 Downloads

The training module was developed for sanitation and hygiene education and safe water supply of adolescent girl.

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284 Views
37 Downloads

The 23rd meeting of the UK’s Sanitation Community of Practice was held on the 14th of June 2019 at the University of Sheffield. The aim of the event was to discuss the importance and potentials of capacity building as an integral part of sanitation service delivery. Students from the University of Sheffield presented their group work assessing municipal capacity building approaches in Ghana, …

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284 Views
13 Downloads

In rural areas of Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia (EECCA) without reliable piped water supply, the conventional school sanitation system – the pit latrine – is leading to hygienic and environmental problems. Urine diverting dry toilets (UDDT) have been demonstrated to be an alternative, ecological sanitation solution for rural schools of the EECCA region. This study compares the …

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283 Views
8 Downloads

In the tea sector in Assam, India, the Toilet Board Coalition (TBC), together with the Ethical Tea Partnership (ETP), have been assessing Circular Sanitation Economy approaches for plantations, with new technologies, business models and infrastructure. This report outlines initial findings from our work with the tea sector in 2018, building a compelling economic case for Circular Sanitation …

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283 Views
16 Downloads

This second UN-Water GLAAS report presents data received from 74 developing countries, covering all the Millennium Development Goal regions, and from 24 external support agencies, representing approximately 90% of official development assistance for sanitation and drinking-water.

1. Sections 1 and 2 of the report describe the efforts of countries to be accountable and to plan and coordinate …

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282 Views
9 Downloads

The 9th Emergency Environmental Health Forum took place from 18th -19th 2019 in Geneva, Switzerland. It brought together water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) experts. The forum provided an opportunity to exchange recent field experiences and explore innovative approaches amongst over 110 attendees and discuss ways for future action and interventions for WASH in emergencies.

EEHF 2019 …

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278 Views
7 Downloads

Disinfection of water has greatly contributed to reducing risks to public health from microbiologically contaminated drinking water.
Numerous disinfection techniques have been developed over the centuries that are used in a wide range of applications, ranging from large and small public drinking-water plants to point-of-entry and point-of-use (POU) treatment devices.1 Although chlorine has been …

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276 Views
23 Downloads

Utilities can play an important role in reducing and eliminating barriers faced by women. This study presents a first-of-its-kind analysis that aims to heighten understanding of key barriers and bottlenecks that women face in their career in the water sector and identify interventions that water companies can put in place to increase gender diversity in the water workforce. The report draws on …

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276 Views
1 Downloads

WOMENA RECOMMENDATIONS

Based on available evidence, expert opinion, recommendations from health authorities as well as
from manufacturers, there is little scientific evidence to indicate that menstrual cup use
increases the risk of IUD expulsion, and therefore little reason for IUD users to exclude using
an MC. In the spirit of precaution, and until better evidence is available, possible …

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275 Views
3 Downloads

Poster Presentation at UNC Water Institute's Water and Health Conference 2018.

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272 Views
11 Downloads

Children in rural Malawi live in environments heavily contaminated with pathogens that cause diarrhoea. Food hygiene and animal stool management are neglected areas of hygiene in research and programming. Improving food hygiene through behaviour change can significantly reduce diarrhoeal disease and should be integrated into programmes on water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) and nutrition. …

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272 Views
15 Downloads

In India, the Government’s Smart Cities Mission launched in 2016 seeks to develop 100 cities across the country making them citizen friendly and sustainable. There is a focus on efficiency, improved public services, goods, spaces, and modernisation of pubic services. At the same time, in 2014 the Government of India launched its Swachh Bharat Mission with the objectives of eliminating open …

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271 Views
9 Downloads

The Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council (WSSCC) established the Global Sanitation Fund (GSF) in 2008. Since then, it has supported sanitation at scale through collective behaviour change in 13 countries in Africa and Asia. In 2016, it initiated a learning process to identify and analyse key factors impacting on equality and non-discrimination (EQND) within the 13 GSF-supported …

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268 Views
10 Downloads

Some cities in the South Asian countries of Bangladesh, India and Nepal have established interventions around faecal sludge management (FSM). The purpose of this study is to identify and disseminate best practices and lessons learned on how to make FSM an integral part of urban sanitation service delivery in cities and towns in South Asia both with and without sewerage systems. This study draws …

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268 Views
12 Downloads

The study identifies four traditional sanitation financing methods through the use of debt, budgetary allocations, donor funds and community-based organizations. Essentially, public private partnerships (PPPs) and private finance initiatives (PFIs) are the most significant innovative financing approaches among fifteen instruments studied. Subsidies, grants and guarantees were also observed to …

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267 Views
20 Downloads

Improving access to safe and affordable sanitation facilities is a global health priority that is essential for
meeting the United Nation’s Sustainable Development Goals. To promote the use of improved sanitation in rural and low-income settings, plastic latrine slabs provide a simple option for upgrading traditional pit latrines. The International Finance Corporation/World Bank Selling …

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267 Views
11 Downloads

The recycling of organic residues into compost has a number of advantages. It avoids the wasting valuable organic material to landfills and reduces associated emissions to water, soil and air. It generates a product that contributes to long-term soil quality, as compost contains a high amount of stabilised organic matter. Finally, compost may also reduce the need for artificial fertilisers, as it …

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262 Views
42 Downloads

Bangalore, the capital city of Karnataka is the third largest city and the fifth largest metropolitan area in India and is fast growing. It is a centre for education, IT and biotechnology, advanced health care and is home to many more Multi National Corporations (MNCs) which attract people to the city. As per Census 2011, the population of Bangalore City was about 8.5 million. Overall, the SFD …

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The 29th SuSanA meeting took place on Saturday, 22 February 2020 - just before the The African Water Association (AfWA) International Congress and Exhibition in Kampala, Uganda.

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