Sanitation Library

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Reset

Are you a teacher and looking for training materials?

Our School Activity Collection assembles various activities on the vital topics of WASH, energy conservation, biodiversity and waste management.

Have a look

 

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235 Downloads

Dauenhauer, K., Büürma, M., Schlenk, J., Sommer, M., Mahon, T. (2017)

Menstrual Hygiene Management (MHM) in Schools: A neglected issue - A Thematic Discussion Series hosted by GIZ and SuSanA

Menstrual Hygiene Management (MHM) refers to the way in which women and girls deal with their menstruation. Girls usually menstruate for the first time between the age of 10 and 15. Learning about menstruation is thus vital for secondary school students, but it is not too early to raise awareness in elementary school. Given the number of people affected by MHM in some way or another, it is …

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4369 Views
229 Downloads

 

5780 Views
191 Downloads

 

1077 Views
188 Downloads

Various Authors (2018)

8th Emergency Environmental Health Forum in Berlin, Germany
Conference materials

The 8th Emergency Environmental Health Forum (EEHF) event was hosted by the German WASH Network in close collaboration with the Secretariat of the Sustainable Sanitation Alliance (SuSanA) at GIZ. The aim of the 2018 EEHF is:
- To share new research and learning
- To discuss new approaches and innovation in the sector
- To bridge silos between WASH and other humanitarian sectors
- To identify …

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3737 Views
186 Downloads

 

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157 Downloads

 

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145 Downloads

Lutters, M.C., Sivakumar, S., Bäurle, S. (2016)

Menstrual Hygiene Management – An overview of a neglected issue
Link collection for MHM - updated version 2018

The link collection is organized according to four main topics that address MHM, namely:
- An introduction to MHM, Top Reads,
- Challenges and the Intersectoral Nature of MHM and MHM Materials, including publications regarding MHM in emergencies
- Actions and Interventions that are all-encompassing.

Please take into account that this source is not exhaustive and thus only contains files …

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4608 Views
96 Downloads

 

3630 Views
91 Downloads

 

3543 Views
77 Downloads

 

3197 Views
68 Downloads

FSG (2016)

Menstrual Health in India
Country Landscape Analysis

This report seeks to understand:
(1) the current state of girls’ experience with menarche and MHM in India,
(2) donor, government, NGO, and company responses to girls’ needs, and
(3) opportunities for research, advocacy, and programming to better address these needs.

This complements a Global Landscape Analysis and is one of three Country Landscape Analyses focused on India, Kenya, …

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3296 Views
61 Downloads

 

3816 Views
58 Downloads

 

238 Views
44 Downloads

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ), Eschborn, Germany (2018)

Poster: What gets measured gets done
Direct and indirect MHM indicators within the SDG WinS Monitoring Framework

There is a growing pool of evidence with regard to the effectiveness of school-based MHM interventions under WASH in Schools (WinS). This is because schools provide the ideal environment to reach all girls and boys and address taboos and misconceptions in a culturally sensitive manner.

Ministries of Education (MoE) have the power and the responsibility to transform schools into places with …

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886 Views
40 Downloads

 (2017)

Growing Healthy
Things that girls need to know (MHM Booklet)

This booklet raises awareness among adolescent girls about Menstrual Hygiene Management and answer several FAQs on menstruation.

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459 Views
39 Downloads

WHO & UNICEF (2016)

Core Questions and Indicators for Monitoring WASH in Schools in the SDGs

Through expert consultations, the JMP has developed core questions for monitoring water, sanitation and hygiene at home, schools and health centres. The document contains core and expanded indicators related and specific to MHM and infrastructure in schools.

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2121 Views
38 Downloads

Roose, S., Tom Rankin, T., Cavill, S. (2015)

Breaking the next taboo: Menstrual hygiene within CLTS
Frontiers of CLTS: Innovations and Insights Issue 6

Most adolescent girls and women menstruate. This means that for five to seven days each month they bleed through their vagina. This monthly bleeding is often accompanied by abdominal cramps, headaches, mood changes and general lethargy all of which can be exacerbated by social stigma, myths and a lack of requisite infrastructure to manage menstruation safely, privately and hygienically. The …

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2101 Views
34 Downloads

FSG (2016)

Menstrual Health in Kenya
Country Landscape Analysis

This report seeks to understand:
(1) the current state of girls’ experience with menarche and MHM in Kenya,
(2) the donor, government, and NGO responses to girls’ needs, and
(3) opportunities for research, advocacy,
and programming to better address these needs.
This complements a Global Landscape Analysis and is one of three Country Landscape Analyses focused on India, Kenya, and …

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1360 Views
34 Downloads

Balls, E. (2017)

Menstrual Hygiene Management Policy Brief

This policy brief summarises previous research on MHM and highlights the SHARE Consortium’s contribution to this important topic. It then defines knowledge gaps which still exist and sets out clear recommendations for improving policy and programmes globally.

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3632 Views
33 Downloads

 

407 Views
27 Downloads

Chin, L. (2014)

Period of shame
The effects of menstrual hygiene management on rural women and girls’ quality of life in Savannakhet, Laos

The purpose of this thesis was to investigate how rural women and girls’ menstrual hygiene
management (MHM) affects their life-quality and performance in everyday life. The thesis
analysed the opportunities, abilities and motivation they had in performing MHM and how it
affected their social and economical opportunities. From this, conclusions were drawn on how
MHM affects their …

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3340 Views
26 Downloads

 

321 Views
23 Downloads

World Vision, WASH United, Simavi, GIZ (2018)

Menstrual Hygiene Webinar Series
Report of a five-part Webinar Series on MH from May to July 2018

As Menstrual Hygiene (MH) has been continuously gaining visibility and importance, World Vision, WASH United, Simavi, and GIZ organized a five-part webinar series from May to July 2018.

Each webinar aimed to address one of the key aspects of MH management, including evidence (webinar 1), knowledge (webinar 2), menstrual products (webinar 3), infrastructure (webinar 4) and policy (webinar 5) …

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2081 Views
22 Downloads

FSG (2016)

Menstrual Health in Ethiopia
Country Landscape Analysis

This report seeks to understand:
(1) the current state of girls’ experience with menarche and MHM in Ethiopia,
(2) the donor, government, and NGO responses to girls’ needs, and
(3) opportunities for research, advocacy, and programming to better address these needs.

This complements a Global Landscape Analysis and is one of three Country Landscape Analyses focused on India, Kenya, and …

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1746 Views
21 Downloads

UKS, GIZ and UNICEF (2016)

Kenapa Berdarah?
“Why bleeding?”

A MHM comic in Bahasa Indonesia developed by UKS team and UNICEF, in collaboration with GIZ. This book aims to provide proper guidance for young women when they face periods, while at the same time providing education for young men to appreciate their female peers who are menstruating. This book was developed based on the results of a study on MHM in Indonesia conducted by UNICEF in 2015, and has …

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49 Views
18 Downloads

MMC (2019)

Menstrual Hygiene Management (MHM) School Research Report 2019

Many of the schools visited have a population of students of more than 500, of which 300 are female pupils and 200 are male pupils. Furthermore, with a total number of 8 members of staff, of which 3 are male and 5 are female teachers.

With the problem analysis, Maboshe Memorial Centre (MMC) is hoping to lobby for donor funding to conduct a 2 to 3 years project in the seven Primary Schools …

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3583 Views
17 Downloads

 

305 Views
11 Downloads

Clatworthy, D., Sommer, M., Schmitt, M. (2017)

A Toolkit for Integrating Menstrual Hygiene Management (MHM) into Humanitarian Response
The Full Guide

The toolkit was designed to support a range of humanitarian actors involved in the planning and delivery of emergency responses. The guidance is therefore aimed to support 1) program staff directly delivering services; 2) program supervisors and country-level staff responsible for designing, coordinating and monitoring field activities, and 3) technical staff, focused on providing technical …

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117 Views
5 Downloads

Gade, A., Hytti, L. (2017)

Menstrual health in Rhino Camp refugee settlement, West Nile, Uganda
Pilot project intervention report

A Menstrual Health pilot project by WoMena and ZOA implemented among South Sudanese refugees and host population in Rhino Camp Refugee Settlement in northern Uganda. The pilot involved 4 primary schools, including students, parents and teachers, over 6 months. 4 different distribution models were applied among the participants; one school got MCs only, one school got reusable pads only, one …

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92 Views
5 Downloads

Tellier, S., Hyttel, M. (2018)

Menstrual Health Management in East and Southern Africa: a Review Paper

The review paper aims to identify possible linkages to SRHR-related issues, and to provide an overview of MHM policies and programs in the ESA region, with a focus on education, school and community-based sexuality education, WASH, sexual and reproductive health, workplace support and humanitarian programming, as well as opening up the discussion regarding marginalized groups of women and girls …

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51 Views
5 Downloads

Wendland, C., Jorritsma, F., Wienpahl, I., Herbst, S. (2019)

Comparison of Students' Acceptance of Conventional and Ecological Sanitation in Rural Schools

In rural areas of Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia (EECCA) without reliable piped water supply, the conventional school sanitation system – the pit latrine – is leading to hygienic and environmental problems. Urine diverting dry toilets (UDDT) have been demonstrated to be an alternative, ecological sanitation solution for rural schools of the EECCA region. This study compares the …

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54 Views
3 Downloads

WoMena (2019)

WoMena FAQ: What is the environmental impact of menstrual products?

WoMena’s SUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATIONS

Which, and how many, products are used? This FAQ focuses on disposable or reusable products, which
are commercially available. Little information is available on traditional or homemade products. Estimates
of how many products are used differ widely. Some estimates from High-Income Countries indicate around
30 products per cycle (390 annually), …

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22 Views
2 Downloads

Hytti, L., Simkute, S. and Jahangir, A. (2019)

Menstrual Cup Interventions Follow-up Study, Uganda

Globally many women and girls do not have access to appropriate Menstrual Health Management (MHM) methods that are effective, comfortable, convenient, affordable and safe to use and dispose of. Combined with inadequate facilities, social support and knowledge of menstruation as well as prevailing menstrual taboos and stigma, the lack of appropriate MHM methods can impact the physical, social and …

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457 Views
0 Downloads

Keith, B. (2016)

Girls’ and women’s right to menstrual health: Evidence and opportunities
Outlook on reproductive health

This issue of Outlook establishes menstrual health as a sexual and reproductive health and rights issue; presents the obstacles to and the consequences of not promoting and protecting menstrual health; and highlights opportunities to improve menstrual health in low-resource settings.

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247 Views
0 Downloads

Ross, I., Ngoli, J. (2017)

Solomon Islands Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) Toolkit
Master Trainer Manual

The Solomon Islands Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) Toolkit is one of the manuals developed for the Rural Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene Program in the Solomon Islands. It will be used to guide CLTS Facilitators, and others working with villages, to trigger village action on taking control of sanitation and hygiene within their villages. Any organisations that are doing CLTS in …

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250 Views
0 Downloads

WSSCC (2017)

WASH & Health Practitioners MHM Training Manual v1.0

This manual was developed to sensitise WASH and health practitioners to the various issues associated with menstrual hygiene management. It equips professionals with important information, skills and tools for communicating with a variety of stakeholders, which can help them to promote menstrual management practices in their communities. By guiding participants through the step-by-step learning …

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47 Views
0 Downloads

Hyttel,M., Thomsen,C.F, Luff, B., Storrusten, H. , Nyakato, V. N. . (2017)

Drivers and challenges to use of menstrual cups among schoolgirls in rural Uganda: a qualitative study

Is the menstrual cup a potential solution to address the challenges surrounding menstrual health and management (MHM) for girls and women in low-income contexts? This qualitative study assessed the drivers and challenges for acceptability of the menstrual cup (MC) among schoolgirls in rural Uganda. The study included 36 schoolgirls aged 13–17 recruited from a school-based controlled trial of …

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27 Views
0 Downloads

WoMena (2018)

WOMENA FAQs: What are menstrual irregularities?

In the communities where WoMena works, girls and women frequently ask about menstrual
irregularities. Clearly, they are concerned, both about their general health, and their fertility.
Irregularities take many forms - age at onset of menarche or menopause, length of cycle,
amount of bleeding, menstrual pain and discomfort, as well as bleeding outside the cycle.

Menstrual patterns vary …

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58 Views
0 Downloads

WoMena (2018)

WoMena FAQs: Does the use of menstrual cups increase the risk of toxic shock syndrome?

WOMENA RECOMMENDATIONS

The risk of developing Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS) for women using Menstrual Cups (MCs) is very
low.

In 1979-80, large numbers of menstruation-associated cases of TSS appeared. In the US alone, more
than 1000 cases were reported in 1980. An ultra-absorbent tampon (Rely) was identified as a main
reason for this spike, but many other products were also associated, for …

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49 Views
0 Downloads

WoMena (2018)

WoMena FAQs: Can you use a Menstrual Cup when also using an IUD?

WOMENA RECOMMENDATIONS

Based on available evidence, expert opinion, recommendations from health authorities as well as
from manufacturers, there is little scientific evidence to indicate that menstrual cup use
increases the risk of IUD expulsion, and therefore little reason for IUD users to exclude using
an MC. In the spirit of precaution, and until better evidence is available, possible …

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68 Views
0 Downloads

Tellier, M., Hyttel, M., Gad, M. (2012)

Pilot Study Report: Assessing acceptability and hygienic safety of menstrual cups as a menstrual management method for vulnerable young women in Uganda Red Cross Society's Life Planning Skills Project

Study objectives: The objectives of this study were to assess young girls and women’s acceptability, suitability
and hygienic safety of using menstrual cups in Uganda, when introducing cups through the Uganda Red Cross Society (URCS) Life Planning Skills (LPS) project framework. In the long-­‐term, this is intended to support the formulation and implementation of policies and programs aimed …

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125 Views
0 Downloads

Various Authors (2018)

Dry Toilet Conference 2018
presentations and posters

The 6th International Dry Toilet Conference 2018 was held in Tampere, Finland on 22nd – 24th August 2018. The theme of the conference was Dry Toilet Goes Circular with a focus on Cooperation, Co-creation and Experimentation.

Please find the oral presentations and poster presentations below via the links to the page of the GlobalDry Toilet association of Finland.

***** Oral …

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