Published in: 2008
Plan UK, London, UK; Institute of Development Studies University of Sussex, Sussex, UK
Kar, K., Chambers, R.
This handbook has been developed from experiences with Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) since December
1999. These have been in Bangladesh, India, Cambodia, Indonesia, Mongolia, Nepal, China and Pakistan in Asia; in
Uganda, Zambia, Ethiopia, Tanzania, Kenya and Sierra Leone in Africa; in Bolivia in South America; in Yemen in the
Middle East; and in other countries. Users of this handbook must feel free to use its guidelines the way they find
best. The methods described are not the only ways of implementing CLTS. Users are encouraged to use their own
best judgments at all times and innovate locally appropriate approaches and tools to achieve and enhance community participation and empowerment leading to total sanitation and beyond .
Kar, K., Chambers, R. (2008). Handbook on Community-Led Total Sanitation. Plan UK, London, UK; Institute of Development Studies University of Sussex, Sussex, UK
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