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Sanitation Library

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31 Views
1 Downloads

As households move up the sanitation ladder, health risks presumably decline but the corresponding technologies may require increasing operation and maintenance costs. One critique of the ladder is that it prioritizes technology and could be improved if it included a functional approach to monitoring, such as including aspects of environmental sustainability that consider resource recovery. Using …

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24 Views
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Water and sanitation (wastewater) infrastructure in the United States is aging and deteriorating, with massive underinvestment over the past several decades. For many years, lack of attention to water and sanitation infrastructure has combined with racial segregation and discrimination to produce uneven access to water and wastewater services resulting in growing threats to human and …

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There remains a large unmet need for sanitation access throughout the world that compromises both human and environmental health. Opportunities exist to employ sanitation systems that better utilize and recover scarce resources from excreta such as water, energy, and nutrients. However, technologies such as a composting latrine may require more maintenance and close handling of feces compared to …

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31 Views
2 Downloads

The study provides recent advances and adaptations in policy, planning and service delivery to better manage climate related risks in urban contexts. It also identifies actionable strategies to support efforts to improve climate resilience in urban sanitation and to strengthen the argument for their implementation

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Punta del Diablo is located on the Atlantic Ocean coast of Uruguay in the department of Rocha. The city is made up of six large sub-divisions: Punta del Diablo, Coronilla del Mar, Aldea del Mar, Santa Teresa de la Coronilla, Parque Santa Teresa and Santa Teresa (D&A and EP, 2021). For this report, a total population of 23,128 is estimated. Comprising a resident population of 2,000 people and a …

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40 Views
1 Downloads

This report is the final output of the ‘Value for Money Study in Global Sanitation Fund Programmes’, hereafter ‘the VFM-GSF project’, funded by the Water and Sanitation Supply Collaborative Council (WSSCC)/Global Sanitation Fund (GSF).

The stated objectives of the project were threefold:

1. To assess GSF-funded sanitation and hygiene implementation programmes to gauge current levels …

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41 Views
1 Downloads

The OECD, with the support of the Swedish International Development Agency (Sida), has undertaken research to better understand the current and potential role of blended finance models for water-related investments. Considering the wide variety of potential types of water-related investments, this research takes a broad approach to water-related investment and covers blended finance models that …

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41 Views
1 Downloads

Massive amounts of investment are needed to meet the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals for water supply and sanitation. However, several challenges have limited the ability to mobilize commercial finance for the sector, including a complex political economy, high transaction costs and an unclear regulatory environment. Investment platforms are an online tool for bringing …

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35 Views
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The 2021 State of Cities Climate Finance report examines the current state of urban climate investment, the barriers to reaching the needed investment levels, and the steps to overcoming these challenges.

The report delivers its findings in two parts:

The Landscape of Urban Climate Finance (Part 1). Authored by the Cities Climate Finance Leadership Alliance Secretariat (Climate Policy …

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95 Views
5 Downloads

Chandpur is a fast-growing city located along the Dhaka- N1 and Gauripur - Kachua highway and 120 km South of Dhaka. It is beside the Dakatia and Meghna Rivers and it is well connected with road, water, and railways. It is one of the oldest towns in the sub-continent and was declared a municipality in 1896 and a Pourashava in 1986. Chandpur is one of the 53 district-level municipalities in the …

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94 Views
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Bageshwar Nagar Palika Parishad area is 8.5 sq.km. and has 11 wards with a population of 25,045 (as of year 2018). There are 4,808 Households (HHs) post municipal boundary expansion in the year 2018. With the delimitation of boundary, the total number of wards have increased from 7 to 11. Presently, the geographical area of the city is 8.5 Km2. The revised municipal boundary has been considered …

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Bedkot Municipality is in Kanchanpur District of Sudurpaschim Province, Nepal with an area of 158.5 sq. km. The proposed area of the municipality is formed by merging former Suda Village Development Committee (VDC) and Daiji Village Development Committee in 10 wards. It lies at 28.57o N latitude and 80.1348o E longitude spreading over Northern Terai and Siwalik range.

A population of 49,479 …

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117 Views
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Dhangadhi Sub-Metropolitan City is located on Southern belt of Nepal in the Kailali District of Sudur Paschim Province, Nepal. The city is surrounded by Kailari Rural Municipality in the east, Mohana River in the west, Godawari and Gauriganga Municipality in the north and India in the South. It is divided into 19 wards. As per 2011 population census, Sub-Metropolitan City has a total of 147,741 …

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It explains the concept of Citywide Inclusive Sanitation (CWIS) with the Manila Principles on CWIS. It further gives concrete case studies for each of the principles. CWIS is the paradigm shift in approach to urban sanitation, one which encompasses many key elements that are now widely accepted at gold standard.

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66 Views
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Sanitation in India has received national attention for over a decade, especially with the Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) making it a political priority. However, due to the lack of appropriate sanitation planning practices, there have been little long-term gains made in urban sanitation beyond the ending of open defaecation. In this paper, we analyse the key barriers to sanitation planning, in …

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The water, sanitation, and solid waste sectors are closely related and have many interactions between their respective service chains in low- and middle-income countries. Currently, these interactions mostly lead to cross-contamination, and opportunities for co-benefits are seldom realized. This review presents the key advancements within each of these three development sectors in the past two …

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Meru town municipality is located in the Eastern region of Kenya, Meru County, Imenti North Sub County. It is located in the northeastern slopes of Mount Kenya. Meru town was founded in 1911 and it is the current headquarters on Meru County. It is the seventh largest urban centre in Kenya forming a municipality with a population of 240,900 inhabitants (KNBS, 2021). The town is about 1,500 m above …

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256 Views
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The 32nd SuSanA meeting - the third time online - took place on 22nd August 2022. It was organised by the SuSana Secretariat with support and contributions from SuSanA Partners, Members, Working Groups, Regional Chapters and many more.

This entry is the collection point of the different resources from the SuSanA Meeting, including recordings, presentations and program overview.

We once …

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199 Views
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The Greater Tamale Area (GTA) refers to the geopolitical limits of both the Tamale Metropolitan Assembly (TaMA) and Sagnarigu Municipal Assembly (SagMA). GTA is located in the Northern region of Ghana and covers an area of 922km2. It is one of the largest cities in Ghana with a 2020 projected population of approximately 468,415. About 74% of its population live in urban areas.

It has a total …

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8 Downloads

This compendium in Hindi is useful for people struggling to secure safe drinking water in floods. It has been prepared for Maharashtra, India, but can be used in any flood-affected area.

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The Global Steering Committee (GSC) is delegated by members to govern SuSanA 2.0 on their behalf during the periods between triennial election (every three years). As such, it is the principal decision-making body and governance vehicle during this period. It is responsible and accountable to members, primarily through the Annual Assembly, for ensuring sound strategic and financial functioning of …

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32nd SuSanA Meeting

The 32nd virtual SuSanA Meeting took place Monday, 22nd of August (9:00 - 17:00 CEST), right before the Stockholm World Water Week. It was organised by the Secretariat with support and contributions from SuSanA Partners, Members, Working Groups, Regional Chapters and many more. 

Now meeting recordings and presentations available: Click here to get to the Meeting Page!

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Our library has more than 3,000 publications, factsheets, presentations, drawings etc. from many different organisations. It continues to grow thanks to the contributions from our partners.

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The project database contains nearly 400 sanitation projects of many different organizations dealing with research, implementation, advocacy, capacity development etc. Advanced filtering functions and a global map are also available. Information on how and why this database was created is here.

People working for SuSanA partners can add their own projects through their partner profile page. You might need your SuSanA login upgraded for this purpose. Please contact us if you would like to add a project.


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Missed important conferences or courses? Catch up by using their materials for self study. These materials have been kindly provided by SuSanA partners.

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Use the map or the search tool to access the most relevant information and knowledge products for your region or country. This includes relevant resources, events, partners or projects.

Shit flow diagrams, excreta flow diagrams (223 SFDs worldwide)

Shit flow diagrams (SFDs) help to visualize excreta management in urban settings. Access SFDs and more through the SFD Portal.

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Share knowledge, exchange experiences, discuss challenges, make announcements, ask questions and more. Hint: Your discussion forum login is the same as your SuSanA login. More about the forum's philosophy »


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We are hosting content from some other communities of practice and information-sharing portals. This section also provides a link to SuSanA's Sanitation Wikipedia initiative.

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Register as an individual member of SuSanA free of charge. As a member you can interact with thousands of sanitation enthusiasts on the discussion forum.  You can also get engaged in one of our 13 working groups and our regional chapters. Our FAQs explain the benefits further.

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