Sanitarios secos con separación de orina en una area rural, Tututepec, Oaxaca, México (in Spanish) - Urine diverting dry toilets in a rural area, Tututepec, Oaxaca, Mexico - Case study of sustainable sanitation projects

Ysunza Ogazon, A. et al. (2010)

Published in: 2010

Publisher:
Sustainable Sanitation Alliance (SuSanA)

Author:
Ysunza Ogazon, A. et al.

Uploaded by:
SuSanA secretariat


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Content - Summary

Este caso de estudio describe Sanitarios de separación de orina y de deshidratación en una área rural en Tututepec, Oaxaca, México con el objetivo de implementar un programa de saneamiento ecológico en la costa del Pacífico Sur mexicano, con el propósito de hacer un uso racional del agua, producir alimentos, evitar la contaminación del suelo y el agua y sus consecuencias negativas sobre la salud comunitaria. 195 sanitarios han construido para aproximadamente 1000 personas. Los sanitarios secos con separación de orina (SSSOs) tienen dos compartimentos ventilados para la deshidratación de las heces fecales. Las heces están cubiertas con una mezcla de tierra, ceniza y cal en partes iguales, la cual se aplica sobre las heces inmediatamente después que se utiliza el sanitario.

La taza con separador de orina, está conectado a través de un sistema de mangueras para la recolección de la orina conectado aun bidón de plástico de 20 l; así mismo el urinario para hombres está conectado a ésta red de mangueras al bidón antes mencionado. Para después recolectarlo en un tanque de almacén a la sombra a temperatura ambiente durante 30 días para logara el proceso de sanitización y el desdoblamiento de los minerales para poder ser absorbidos como nutrientes. Las tazas y los urinarios están construíos de cerámica y producidos por una compañía privada llamada Anfora. Usando 1 litro de orina más 5 litros de agua y se riegan las plantas. El riego se aplica alrededor de la planta, no sobre la planta. Se riega con orina cada 15 días y de preferencia por las tardes. Para reutilizar las excretas humanas (orina y heces) de las 195 SSSOs están implementado huertos comunitarios y huertos biointensivos a nivel familiar.

Instituciónes de Planificación: Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición “Salvador Zubirán” (NNSZ) – Centro de Capacitación Integral para Promotores Comunitarios (CECIPROC)
Institución ejecutora: Centro de Capacitación Integral para Promotores Comunitarios (CECIPROC)
Agencias de Apoyo: Indesol, Sedesor, Fundación Herdez, Fundación Comunitaria de Oaxaca y Fundación W. K. Kellogg

Bibliographic information

Ysunza Ogazon, A. et al. (2010). Sanitarios secos con separación de orina en una area rural, Tututepec, Oaxaca, México (in Spanish) - Urine diverting dry toilets in a rural area, Tututepec, Oaxaca, Mexico - Case study of sustainable sanitation projects. Sustainable Sanitation Alliance (SuSanA)

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Case studies in SuSanA template Faeces or faecal sludge Latin America & Caribbean Rural Spanish Urine Urine diversion dehydration toilets (UDDTs)

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