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Increasing the use of the Shit Flow Diagram Tool


There is a global and regional need to address sanitation and water challenges. SDG 6 on Water and Sanitation focuses on addressing key components on water availability, sanitation, improved water quality, increased water efficiency, ecosystem protection and finally water diplomacy. More importantly, SDG 6 and its targets address sanitation beyond toilets, which include aspects of excreta management and reuse.


Image: SFD logo


There is a growing consensus that the challenges of excreta and septage management can be met by monitoring the sanitation service chain, to identify its strengths and weaknesses, from containment, to emptying, transport, treatment and safe disposal or resource recovery. The Shit Flow Diagram (SFD) would be the most relevant tool to assess just that.

In that regards, the SuSanA West Asia and North Africa (WANA) Chapter aims to enable governments and sanitation practitioners in recognizing the need to achieve sustainable sanitation and providing them with the tools (SFD) to help identify baseline situations and their possible interventions. The chapter is currently translating the SFD manual from English to Arabic, and will provide a 3 day training in 2019 to chosen ministry employees in Jordan, on how to use the tool.

Links to external Websites

Locations of Activities

Selected Projects

SFD Training
Conducting two SFD trainings in Jordan

Managed under the umbrella of SuSanA together with partners, the SFD Promotion Initiative was born. In the first phase of this project, the SFD approach was applied in about 40 cities worldwide. A key objective of the …

Further Readings

SFD PI (2017)
SFD Manual (in Arabic, English and French)

An excreta flow diagram (also often described as shit flow diagram, SFD) presents a clear picture of the outcome arising from wastewater and faecal sludge management practices and services in a city or town. This is …


Manal Al Shraideh
Regional Governance Specialist

The Bremen Overseas Research and Development Association (BORDA)
Amman • Jordan


Manal has 8 years of experience in the water and sanitation sector, and has a Masters degree in Water and Environmental Engineering.

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