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Sustainable Sanitation Alliance (SuSanA)

Biblioteca

Esta biblioteca contiene publicaciones de diversas organizaciones que siguen el concepto de código abierto para la creación de capacidad y el uso sin fines de lucro, donde todos los derechos permanecen con los autores originales u organizaciones que las produjeron. Por lo tanto, el usuario siempre debe dar crédito en las citas al autor original y la fuente. ¡Agradecemos a todos aquellos que han proporcionado las publicaciones y documentos!

Les invitamos cordialmente a contribuir con sus publicaciones y documentos importantes con esta biblioteca electrónica. Por favor, envíelos a info@susana.org.
 

Sharm El-Sheikh commitments

for accelerating the achievement of water and sanitation goals in Africa

African Union

2008

Assembly of the African Union, Eleventh Ordinary Session, Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt

Sharm El-Sheikh commitments for accelerating the achievement of water and sanitation goals in Africa. The Heads of State and Government of the African Union, meeting at the 11th Ordinary Session of the Assembly in Sharm El-Sheikh, Arab Republic of Egypt, from 30 June to 1 July 2008.

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Guide pratique pour techniciens: Assainissement rural (in French)

Practical guide for technicians: rural sanitation

Naji, S.

1990

Ecole Mohammadia d'Ingénieurs, Maroc

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Improving Sanitation Outcomes through Service Level Agreements: A Guidance Note

Report to the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation

Castalia Strategic Advisors

2014

Castalia Limited

Castalia has prepared this Guidance Note to help city-level teams design and implement contractual solutions to improve the delivery of urban sanitation services. To ensure that the contracts provide lasting solutions that overcome the problems encountered in the past, they identify the economic characteristics that make sanitation service delivery particularly challenging. They also explain how contracts can be structured to reflect these characteristics, and how cities can manage the process of procuring and managing service providers.

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Reinvent the Toilet Challenge, Delhi, India

Program and Technical Guides

BMGF

2014

Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Seattle, USA

Featuring partners of key Government of India ministries, and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, the fair showcased innovative products and approaches that aim to bring safe, affordable, and sustainable sanitation to those who need it most. These include efforts to create toilets that are not connected to water, sewer, or electricity; to improve the collection, treatment, and disposal of human waste; to address behavior change; and to raise awareness of this critical issue for governments, stakeholders, and local communities. This year’s fair in New Delhi was co-hosted by the Government of India’s Department of Biotechnology and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, with the support of India’s Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation, Ministry of Urban Development, and Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation. India is uniquely positioned to be a global leader in the development of new sanitation technologies and a range of other innovative approaches to achieve sustainable gains in sanitation in India and abroad. ++++++++++++++ The following projects are included in the Technical Guides with 2-page factsheets: 5 Aerosan 7 American Standard Brands 8 Arghyam 11 Asian Institute of Technology 13 Beijing SunnyBreeze Technology Inc. 15 Biofilcom 17 California Institute of Technology (Caltech) 19 Centre for Advocacy and Research (CFAR) 21 Centre for Environmental Planning and Technology (CEPT) University 23 Center for Study of Science, Technology and Policy (CSTEP) 25 Centre for Policy Research, New Delhi 27 Climate Foundation, Cornell University, Sanergy, Tide Technocrats, and the Prasino Group 29 Cranfield University 31 Defence Research Laboratory, DRDO, Indian Ministry of Defence 33 Delft University of Technology 35 Department of Industrial Design, SPA Delhi 37 Duke University 39 Duke University and the University of Missouri 41 Eawag (Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology), Design by EOOS 43 Eram Scientific Solutions Pvt. Ltd. 45 FSOI Development Firms: AGI Engineering, Beaumont Design, DCI Automation, and Synapse Product Development 47 Fundación In Terris and Critical Practices LLC 49 Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur 51 Institute for Financial Management and Research (IFMR) and Quicksand Design Studio 53 IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre 55 Janicki Industries 57 Loowatt 59 Loughborough University 61 National University of Singapore (NUS) 63 North Carolina State University 65 Pollution Research Group, University of KwaZulu-Natal; eThekwini Water and Sanitation, eThekwini Municipality 67 Population Services International (PSI), Water For People, and PATH 69 RTI International 71 Sanergy 73 Santec 77 SCOPE 75 Sesame Workshop 79 Stone India Limited 81 Sulabh International Social Service Organisation (SISSO); Sulabh Sanitation & Social Reform Movement 83 UNICEF India 85 Unilever 87 University College London and ifak 89 University of Colorado Boulder 91 University of Toronto 93 University of the West of England (UWE), Bristol 95 WASH United and World Toilet Organization 97 World Bank Water and Sanitation Program, International Finance Corporation, and Kenyan Ministry of Health 99 3S – A Division of Saraplast Pvt. Ltd.

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A low flush latrine for public schools

Lessons from two school pilots

Water Research Commision (WRC), Gezina ZA

2014

WRC

Pour flush and low flush sanitation systems bridge the gap between on-site dry sanitation and full waterborne sanitation sustainably. Using a small amount of tap water or grey water (1-2.5ℓ) to flush, a pour system can terminate in a simple soak away. This overcomes the problems involved with laying sewers to widely spaced rural homes or tightly spaced informal settlements, represents an large saving of water over regular waterborne sewage – a loss which is compounded if hardware begins to leak -- and provides a number of the benefits of a flush toilet. While pour flush technology is used widely in Asia, it had not been tested in South Africa, and trials with low flush systems had mixed success. The Water Research Commission has developed two new innovations in this regard: • The pour flush pedestal which uses a minimum 1L to flush • The low flush pedestal, based on the pour flush design which uses a 1.5L flush The pour flush system was tested successfully in the field at 20 private homes and at a crèche. However, in order to succeed in an institutional setting such as a school or public ablution facility, the technology would need to include a cistern so that users would not be required to fill buckets in order to flush. This prototype, called the low flush system, was developed, and tested by the WRC.

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Sanitation Matters - The sanitation research fund for Africa

A magazine for Southern Africa - Issue No.5 - March 2014

WIN-SA

2014

Water Information Network, Gezina, South Africa

We look at the Sanitation Research Fund for Africa (SRFA) Project, a joint fund established by the Water Research Commission and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. The purpose of the project is to provide impetus for scientific based knowledge and practical solutions to the many unintended technical and operational challenges of pit latrine technologies in peri-urban areas in sub-Saharan Africa. A total of 8 sub-Saharan countries have been selected for the fund with the first project workshop held from the 30th to 31st January 2014. Water research body the South African Water Research Commission (WRC) will host the first workshop of the $2.5-million Sanitation Research Fund for Africa (SRFA), from January 30 to 31, in Johannesburg, in an effort to stimulate competency and capacity in the area of sanitation on the continent and support the development and upscaling of sanitation solutions. In an effort to respond to the lack of dedicated sources of funding and support for sanitation research and innovation in Africa, the WRC and charity the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation last year launched the SRFA, which would be led and executed by the WRC.

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L'infiltration des eaux usées épurées, Guide Pratique (in French)

Infiltration of treated wastewater, practical guide

Grela, R., Xanthoulis, D., Marcoen, J. M., Lemineur, M., Wauthelet, M.

2004

Projet financé par la Région Wallonne, Direction Générale des Ressources Naturelles et de l’Environnement, Belgium

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Guide technique pour les systèmes d’assainissement autonome, Rapport provisoire – version 07 (in French)

Technical guide for off-site sanitation systems, draft report

Grela, M. R.

2004

Royaume du Maroc Office National de l'Eau Potable (ONEP) et FAO

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Workshops on Construction of UDDTs in Dayet Ifrah

Deegener, S.

2014

Report for Programme AGIRE of GIZ, Morocco

This report presents the construction of double vault Urine Diverting Dehydration Toilets (UDDTs) in Morocco. After an introduction on the project and the morrocean context general information on UDDTs is provided in order to give finally detailed step-by-step instruction on the construction of UDDTs. Planning, design, execution and maintenance of the toilets will be described in detail by also considering excreta reuse. The approach to consider excreta and water flows as resources instead of waste is also reflected by including a chapter on greywater treatment from showers, sinks and beigewater from anal cleaning. The three missions to Morocco have been conducted in: 1st mission: December 2009 2nd mission: June 2010 3rd mission: July-Aug 2010 During the 3 missions four different models of UDDTs have been constructed: A: simple model: UDDT, urinal, sink, material: concrete bricks B: UDDT with shower, material: concrete bricks C: UDDT with shower : natural stones D: UDDT with shower: concrete bricks, constructed adjacent to existing house Local masons and dwellers of the project-village Dayet Ifrah were trained. They are now able to design and build UDDTs. During the 2nd mission a major workshop for different stakeholders like NGOs, Office National de l’Eau (ONEP) and other administrations and organisations including gizstaff has been held. The participants of the seminars have been given practical knowledge as well as theoretical background on the construction of UDDTs.

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Community Water Supply and Sanitation Unit’s Research Published and ongoing research

Muanda, C.

2014

Community Water Supply and Sanitation Unit, Cape Town, South Africa

List of research projects and products current for March 2014.

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SWASTH Learning Series: Building on Experience

Various documents

BTAST

2013

Bihar Technical Assistance Support Team, Sector Wide Approach to Strengthen Health (SWASTH), India

The Learning Briefs are specific briefs of case studies aimed towards policy makers and professionals who work for convergence of WASH with health and nutrition and empowerment of women SHGs (self-help groups) on social components. This is a joint initiative of the government of Bihar and UK Aid in Bihar to work with 50,000 self-help groups in the state. Sector Wide Approach to Strengthen Health (SWASTH) is Government of Bihar’s initiative to improve the health and nutrition status of the people in Bihar, particularly among the poorest and excluded. The briefs attached below are: Learning Brief 1: Gram Varta Plus: Helping Communities to Help Themselves Learning Brief 2: Community Led Total Sanitation: Addressing the Root of the Problem Learning Brief 3: Women Hand Pump Caretakers: Mechanics for Sustainable Community Water Supplies Learning Brief 6: Strengthening VHSNDs: A Convergent Approach

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A Collection of Contemporary Toilet Designs

EOOS and WEDC

Shaw, R. (Ed)

2014

WEDC, Loughborough University

ISBN: 978 1 84380 155 9

This collection is the result of the findings of EOOS research which was supported by Sandec, the Department of Water and Sanitation in Developing Countries at the Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (Eawag). It covers a wide range of contemporary toilet designs along with a valuable list of website links where additional information about each design can be sought.

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Supported projects by German development cooperation

GIZ

2011

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, Germany

A list of sustainable sanitation projects worldwide which were financially and technically supported by German development cooperation

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Waterless sanitation in UNESCO-IHE building, Delft, The Nehterlands

Data sheets for ecosan projects

E. Muench, N. Räth, C. Werner

2007

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH, Germany

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Dry urine diverting school toilets in Gozhuli, Ukraine

Data sheets for ecosan projects

M. Samwel, S. Deegener, C. Werner, N. Räth, J. Eichholz

2007

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH, Germany

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greywater recycling in Hotel ArabellaSheraton Am Büsing Palais in Offenbach, Germany

Data sheets for ecosan projects

C. Werner, L Yang, F. Klingel, A. Huelgas, N. Räth, E. Nolde

2006

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH, Germany

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ecosan school toilets in Garla Mare, Romania

Data sheets for ecosan projects

M. Samwel, S. Deegener, F. Klingel, N.Räth, C. Werner

2005

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH, Germany

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Öko - Technik - Park in Hannover, Germany

Data sheets for ecosan projects

GTZ

2005

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH, Germany

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Biogas-ecosan project Waldmichelbacherhof in Bessenbach, Germany

Data sheets for ecosan projects

GTZ

2005

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH, Germany

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Innovative wastewater management project in Burscheid, Germany

Data sheets for ecosan projects

GTZ

2005

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH, Germany

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Ecological sanitation pilot project in Chordeleg in Canton Chordeleg, Azuay province, Ecuador

Data sheets for ecosan projects

GTZ

2006

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH, Germany

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TepozEco urban ecosan pilot program in Tepoztlán, Mexico

Data sheets for ecosan projects

GTZ

2005

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH, Germany

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Automated composting toilet system at Asahiyama Zoo in Asahikawa City, Japan

Data sheets for ecosan projects

GTZ

2006

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH, Germany

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Private urine diversion dehydration toilets in peri-urban areas in Kathmandu Valley, Nepal

Data sheets for ecosan projects

GTZ

2006

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH, Germany

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ACTS Eco-friendly Public Toilet Centre in Bangalore, India

Data sheets for ecosan projects

GTZ

2007

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH, Germany

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Urine diverting dry toilets project in Kunming, China

Data sheets for ecosan projects

GTZ

2006

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH, Germany

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Urine diverting dry toilets dissemination programme in Guanxi province, China

Data sheets for ecosan projects

GTZ

2005

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH, Germany

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Ecosan demonstration project at the head- quarters of the GTZ, Germany

C. Werner

2006

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH, Germany

The Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH is an enterprise for international cooperation, working worldwide for sustainable development. Its headquarters are located in Eschborn, near Frankfurt am Main, Germany. The main building of GTZ’s headquarters, which provides office space for about 600 employees, has recently been renovated. As part of the renovation work GTZ has implemented a modern system for the separate collection and reuse of urine and brown water (faecal matter mixed with flushing water). The direct aims of the project are to reduce water consumption, to minimise the emission of nutrients and micro contaminants such as pharmaceutical residues and hormones into the public sewer system and receiving water bodies, and to enable the recovery of nutrients for agricultural use and water.

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Innovative städtische Infrastrukturen als Teil von regionalen Kreislaufwirtschaften

U. Rakelmann, Z. Li

2006

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH, Germany

Leben und Überleben auf der Erde braucht Wasser, Energie und Nährstoffe. Besonders die industrialisierte Welt geht verschwenderisch mit diesen Ressourcen um. Hieraus sind heute existentielle Problemstellungen wie der Klimawandel erwachsen. Fossile Energieträger stehen weltweit ebenso wie hochwertiges Rohphosphat nur noch begrenzt zur Verfügung. Trinkwasser mit ausreichender Qualität

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EU-Demonstrationsprojekt Sanitärkonzepte für die separate Behandlung von Urin, Fäkalien und Grauwasser- Erste Ergebnisse

A. Peter-Fröhlich

2006

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH, Germany

Zentrale, konventionelle Wasserver- und Abwasserentsorgungskonzepte, in industrialisierten Ländern seit Jahrzehnten entwickelt und angewandt, sind aufgrund hoher Kosten, hohen Wasserverbrauches und geringer Wiederverwendung von Nährstoffen nicht hinreichend nachhaltig, insbesondere nicht für Entwicklungsländer. Nachhaltige Konzepte sollten möglichst eine weitgehende Wiederverwendung des gereinigten Abwassers, sowie der Nährstoffe, verbunden mit einem geringeren Energiebedarf, berücksichtigen. Alternative Konzepte und Techniken stehen bereits seit langem zur Verfügung und werden auch angewendet, dennoch sind weitere Entwicklungen und Plausibilitätsprüfungen erforderlich. Aus diesem Grund hat das Kompetenzzentrum Wasser Berlin (KWB) zusammen mit den Berliner Wasserbetrieben (BWB) und Veolia Water ein entsprechendes EUDemonstrationsprojekt begonnen. Hierbei werden zwei Konzepte in Gebäuden der BWB auf dem Gelände des Klärwerks Stahnsdorf erprobt. Im Rahmen dieses Aufsatzes kann nur ein Projektüberblick gegeben werden, für Details wird auf die Literaturliste bzw. auf die Homepage des Projekts verwiesen.

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ZER0-M

M. Regelsberger

2006

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH, Germany

Zer0-M steht für "Nachhaltige Konzepte für eine abflusslose Gemeinde" (Sustainable Concepts towards a Zero Outflow Municipality) und ist ein Projekt, das von der EU im MEDA-Programm finanziert wird. Es hat im September 2003 begonnen und ist für 4 Jahre geplant (derzeit wird eine Verlängerung um 1 Jahr beantragt). Am Projekt sind 10 Partner aus Österreich, Ägypten, Deutschland, Italien, Marokko, Tunesien und Türkei beteiligt. Zer0-M strebt Konzepte und Techniken an, mit denen Wasserkreisläufe in kleinen Siedlungen oder auch Tourismusbetrieben optimiert werden können, um zur abflusslosen Gemeinde zu kommen. Ein Hauptpunkt des Ansatzes ist, Wasserversorgung, Abwasserbehandlung und Wiederverwendung als integriertes System zu betrachten. Solche integrierten Systeme sollen einerseits den Trinkwasserbedarf minimieren, andererseits aber Wasser mit der höchstmöglichen Qualität für die verschiedenen Nutzungen, wie zum Beispiel den menschlichen Konsum, bereitstellen. Gleichzeitig soll verbrauchtes Wasser jeweils für die nächste Verwendung aufbereitet werden. Dabei sollen Wasser und darin enthaltene Nährstoffe gleichermaßen wieder genutzt werden. In den Mittelmeerländern sollen dafür "Low tech - High Concept" Lösungen entwickelt werden, die für kleine Gemeinden umsetzbar und erschwinglich sind, damit Abwasser von einem Entsorgungsproblem zu einem Rohstoff wird. Schlüsselworte: Zer0-M, MEDA Water, Nachhaltigkeit, Ecosan, integrierte Wasserwirtschaft.

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Ecosan project experineces in German development cooperation - examples, obstacles and opportunities

C. Werner

2006

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH, Germany

On behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), the GTZ started in 2001 its supra-regional research and development programme in ecological sanitation (ecosan). With this programme, the ministry was reacting to the increasing international demand for holistic wastewater management concepts based on the idea of a consequent consideration of a safe and sustainable closed-loop material flow cycle. German development cooperation has chosen the concept of Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) as the reference framework for all its interventions in the field of water and sanitation. The ecosan approach represents the concrete implementation of IWRM with regard to basic sanitation supply and to the sustainable management of water and related resources such as nutrients, organics and energy contained in the human excreta and wastewater and the soil. Experience shows that the aims and purpose of the IWRM approach can be made tangible through the implementation of ecosan projects. The projects do not only result in sustainable sanitation systems, but highlight the inter-sectoral dependencies between basic health care, environmental protection, sustainable resources management, food security and income generation, all of which benefit equally from ecosan approaches. An important discovery made during the work of the sector project has been that new sanitation concepts not only present an enormous potential for the solution of the global water and sanitation crises, but that, with their implementation, brand new markets for technologies and service providers are beginning to develop. The creation of, and demand for modern sanitation and recycling solutions is both a significant challenge and an enormous opportunity for the local public and private sector companies and small scale service providers, but also for international suppliers and export markets. The following text addresses, from the point of view of the BMZ-GTZ ecosan programme, the impulses given within German development cooperation for using a sustainable ecosan approach in order to make the Millennium Development Goal for sanitation achievable, and what the constraints and potentials are currently seen to be.

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EcoSanRes Programme - Phase Two 2006-2010

A. Rosemarin

2006

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH, Germany

The demand for ecological sanitation services is not yet main-stream but indications of increased awareness and interest are showing that this could quickly change. In 2005 there were three international conferences dealing with ecosan in South Africa, India and Syria. Also, some 100 projects are currently underway in various countries. The need for improved sanitation services is enormous as outlined by the MDG work. Some 2.6 billion people currently lack sanitation services and this figure is increasing indicating that there is a need for significant innovation if this trend is to be abated. Enormous investments will be made over the next decade in order to help meet the MDG on water and sanitation and this goal has major and direct implications on several of the other MDGs. Sanitation as a sector has not really yet entered the era of sustainable development. Trends involving source separation and recycling seen within the solid waste sector have not really begun within the sanitation sector. The advocacy, development and demonstration of ecological sanitation approaches in developing countries will therefore help provide new possible solutions and choices and this clearly justifies the next phase of the EcoSanRes Programme, sponsored by Sida.

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Ecosan - Projects with Norwegian connections

P. Jenssen

2006

UMB, Norway

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Ecological sanitation - a need of today!

Progress of ecosan in India

D. Panse

2006

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH, Germany

According to most recent reports, around 2.6 billion of the 6 billion on the planet have no access to any form of basic sanitation. Sanitation is a critical issue as it is linked to both human health and dignity. Poor sanitation is leading directly to a decline in the quality and quantity of available water resources, and the problem is now finally being treated with a greater degree of seriousness than ever before. This was highlighted during the World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg, 2002, where the existing Millennium Development Goals (MDG’s), adopted by the UN in New York in September 2000, were expanded to include the sanitation target of halving the proportion of people without access to sanitation in 1990 by the year 2015. The current lack of sanitation, whilst having devastating effects on public health is also causing an alarming degradation of the environment. The poor nations are affected most dramatically by a decrease in fresh water resources and bear the brunt of water related diseases. India is already experiencing the weight of this rising burden. In the WHO (2006)report, it is reassessed that diarrhoea is the biggest childhood killer. Nearly 1/3rd of all diarrhoeal diseases occur in India, whilst the population represents only 1/6th of the global population.

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EU-Projects: NETSSAF & ROSA

M. Hänel, L. Barreto, M. Hammer, R. Otterpohl

2006

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH, Germany

The UN Millennium Development Goals (MDGs, target 10) call for halving the proportion of people without access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation by 2015. The two newly started EU projects NETSSAF (Network for the development of Sustainable approaches for large Scale implementation of Sanitation in Africa) and ROSA (Resource-Oriented Sanitation Concepts for Peri-Urban Areas in Africa) are both oriented towards their conversion within the African continent. Both are focusing on peri-urban or even rural areas and have the attempt to explore the potential of sustainable sanitation solutions already there, to support such iniatives and start new ones, and finally disseminate the experiences made by networking. While NETSSAF is focusing on Western African countries, ROSA looks at Western Africa with Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda.

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Produktion nachwachsender Rohstoffe aus Abwasser

M. Hänel

2006

ttz Bremerhaven, Germany

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DEUS 21 (Dezentrale-Urbane-Infrastruktur-Systeme)

Semidezentrale Infrastruktur in Knittlingen - Neubaugebiet "Am Römerweg"

W. Trösch

2006

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH, Germany

Die Abwasserreinigung in Deutschland befindet sich auf einem vergleichsweise hohen Niveau. Laut Statistischem Bundesamt waren im Jahr 2001 94,6 % aller Bürger an eine zentrale Kanalisation angeschlossen, 98 % dieses Wassers wurde in einer den Anforderungen der EUGesetzgebung entsprechenden Kläranlage gereinigt. Wenn man sich dann noch die Grundwasserressourcen und den Regenreichtum in Deutschland vor Augen führt, könnte man sich fragen, wozu man auf diesem Gebiet nach neuen Lösungen suchen sollte.

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Introduction to the China-Sweden erdos eco-town project

Q. Zhu

2006

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH, Germany

The paper gives an introduction to the China-Sweden Erdos Eco-Town Project (EETP). The project is part of the Sida sponsored EcoSanRes Programme undertaken by the Stockholm Environment Institute and the Erdos Municipality and Donsheng District Government, Inner Mongolia in northern China. The project aims to generate the data, technologies and policies required to bring about a major change in the way urban settlements relate to the environment. In this paper components of the project and the planned monitoring and R&D programme are described and the global and local significances are justified. The paper also discusses the difficulties encountered whilst implementing the project and the counter measures.

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Overview of the global development of ecosan

Introduction to ecological sanitation (ecosan)

A. Panesar, C. Werner

2006

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH, Germany

The problems raised by the decreasing quality and quantity of fresh water resources around the world are becoming increasingly serious. All indicators show that the situation is getting worse, and that we now face a serious world water crisis that will affect us all. The poor in developing and emerging market economy countries are already feeling the effects of this crisis, suffering most from a decrease in availability of fresh water resources, from sanitation related diseases and a damaged environment, and will suffer further as the competition for resources becomes ever more intense.

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Nachhaltige Sanitärversorgung auf der Tagesordnung der Vereinten Nationen (German)

U. Eid

2006

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH, Germany

Grußwort von Dr. Uschi Eid

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Shortcomings and advantages

2010

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH, Germany

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Advantages of ecosan systems

GTZ

2011

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH, Germany

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Advantages of ecosan systems

GTZ

2003

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH, Germany

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German Parliament held plenum debate about worldwide sanitation crisis

The Federal Government

2008

Bundestag printed paper 16/9387

In a plenum session on 5 December 2008, the German Parliament discussed the global sanitation crisis, its dimension, options to overcome it and how Germany contributes already to the solutions. During the 30-minute session the ecosan approach was mentioned several times as an innovative contribution towards more sustainable sanitation systems.

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The Indian national urban school sanitation initiative (NUSSI)

A. Panesar

2009

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, Germany

These presentation shows our results in assisting other organisations to implement ecosan projects in urban settings and schools.

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Ecological sanitation - new developments in recycling oriented sanitation systems

A. Panesar

2009

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, Germany

These presentation shows our results in assisting other organisations to implement ecosan projects in urban settings and schools.

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Sustainable sanitatino for schools to improve child health

E. Muench

2010

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, Germany

These presentation shows our results in assisting other organisations to implement ecosan projects in urban settings and schools.

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Biogas sanitation

What is the connection between ernergy and toilets?

E. Muench

2010

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, Germany

These presentation shows our efforts and results in raising awareness about the possible technologies for sustainable sanitation and ecosan systems.

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Ecological Sanitation: Selected projects from Sub-Saharan Africa and Asia

S. Rued

2008

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, Germany

These presentation shows our contribution in cooperation with other organisations to implement projects for sustainable sanitation and ecosan demonstration or upscaling purposes.

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