Sustainable wastewater management in the european union
The scope of this paper is safe and sustainable sanitation in agriculture. Specifically, the idea of the
paper is to find out the existing regulations and guidelines concerning a sustainable wastewater
management in the European Union (EU), regarding small-scale on-site
wastewater management, and particularly regarding the safe reuse of the source separated wastewater
streams in the agriculture. These are identified, first, on the EU level, and second, on a national level.
As specific countries for the purpose of studying national legislation three European Union Member
States, namely Finland, the Netherlands and Sweden are studied. Furthermore, a part of the study is
dedicated to the World Health Organisation’s (WHO) Guidelines for the safe use of wastewater,
excreta and greywater. In that part, it will be seen whether the Guidelines could contribute in
formulating guidelines for the EU.
The findings of this study show that currently sustainable sanitation is not fully possible in the
European Union, and in order to allow this, the European Union has to modify its legislation in the
future. The WHO Guidelines could help in formulating new legislation for the EU.
The Hague University of Applied Sciences
Kuisma, A. (2008). Sustainable wastewater management in the european union. The Hague University of Applied Sciences. WECF.