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Schlussbericht SANItärRecycling ESCHborn (SANIRESCH) (in German)
Final report SANItaryRecycling ESCHborn (SANIRESCH)
The project SANIRESCH investigated and demonstrated the implementation of a urine diversion system in an office building. The project showed that the technical realisation with today’s state of the art technology is possible. With regarding to the NoMix toilets as well as MAP (Magnesium-Ammonium-Phosphat) precipitation further technical developments are necessary. The products received, urine, MAP and service water, are hygienically non-hazardous and fulfill the agricultural requirements for fertilisation. The user acceptance of such systems in a building is granted, apart from the NoMix toilets. Surveys among farmers and consumers show a positive attitude concerning the usage of these fertilisers even for food production. The international adaptability for the membrane bioreactors is granted. Also the economic feasibility of such systems can be reached today under certain, favouring, conditions. The MAP precipitation has to be excluded from both aspects, as here further development is required.
Winker, M., Rieck, C.
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, Eschborn, Germany
New alternative sanitation system, NASS, urine, brownwater, greywater, office building, urine diversion flush toilet, NoMix toilet, waterless urinals, maintenance of NoMix toilets, MAP precipitation, phosphorus precipitation, phosphorus recovery, membrane bioreactor, operation and maintenance, permeate of MBRs, flux, permeability, struvite, pharmaceutical residues, agricultural fertiliser, hygiene, user acceptance, acceptance of urine based fertiliser, economic feasibility, international adaptability, SANIRESCH, DWA
Winker, M., Rieck, C. (2013). Schlussbericht SANItärRecycling ESCHborn (SANIRESCH) (in German) - Final report SANItaryRecycling ESCHborn (SANIRESCH). Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, Eschborn, Germany.