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2 Downloads

GTO (2017)

WASH ePaper - Issue No. 7
Market Based Programming in Humanitarian WASH

The WASH ePaper is an online magazine published at regular intervals in several languages. Each issue takes a closer look at a current key issue in the water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) sector and related areas. It also provides updates on forthcoming national and international events, news, current publications and projects from the sector. The WASH ePaper is published by the German Toilet …

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27 Views
0 Downloads

Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) (2017)

BMZ Water Strategy
A key contribution to implementing the 2030 Agenda and the Paris Agreement

Water and sanitation are key to implementing Agenda 2030 and the Paris climate agreement. The new water strategy of the Fed-eral Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) accounts for the importance of water in these global agreements. In the strategy, BMZ commits to contributing to creating a new dynamic in the sector necessary to reach SDG 6 and other water-related targets. …

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59 Views
0 Downloads

Isabel Blackett (2017)

The SFD in Indonesia – A Case study

An excreta flow diagram (also often described as a shit flow diagram or SFD) is a tool to readily understand and visually communicate how excreta flows through a city or town. Based on the contributing population it shows how excreta is or is not contained as it moves from defecation to treatment then disposal or end-use, and whether the flows are safe or unsafely contained.
This video shows how …

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142 Views
16 Downloads

Ohler, S. (2017)

SuSanA 10th Anniversary Report

On the 17th of January 2017, the Sustainable Sanitation Alliance (SuSanA) celebrated its 10th anniversary at the GIZ headquarters in Eschborn, Germany. The celebration took place under the theme "10 years SuSanA: How the changed sanitation paradigm contributes to the Sustainable Development Goals".
During the event, SuSanA’s achievements, milestones, and impact in the sanitation sector were …

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175 Views
22 Downloads

SuSanA (2017)

SuSanA Joint Roadmap 2015 to 2018 – Towards More Sustainable Sanitation Systems
Version 1.3

The Sustainable Sanitation Alliance (SuSanA) joint roadmap 2015 to 2018 was drafted to organise the platform to respond more effectively to the challenges of the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) and the Post-2015 Development Agenda.

The SuSanA strategy process was initiated following a plenary meeting at the Stockholm World Water Week 2012. On initiative of the secretariat, a core group and …

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9 Downloads

Jha, P. K. (2017)

Toilet linked biogas slurry applied to crops
Report on physicochemical and microbiological analyses of slurry from toilet linked biogas plants

Toilet linked biogas plants have been implemented at some scale in different villages in some districts of Gujarat by WASTE, Netherlands and FINISH Society, India. In an earlier study, the performance of such toilet linked biogas plants was compared to non- toilet linked biogas plants. The economic benefits of application of toilet linked biogas plant slurry on agricultural lands for different …

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200 Views
18 Downloads

Jha, P. K. (2014)

Bio-gas yields from Toilet Linked Biogas Plants in Nausari / Valsad District, Gujarat, India

Biogas from cow dung with or without toilet linkage is in practice for over 3 decades in India. It
is supported by the Ministry of New & Renewable Energy, Government of India and State
Governments. However, the toilet linked biogas plant programme could not get required momentum, even
though it has several advantages.
To overcome the problem, the additional economic importance / advantages of …

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294 Views
33 Downloads

Dubois, A. (2017)

Up-scaling Basic Sanitation for the Urban Poor (UBSUP) in Kenya

This case study describes the Upscaling Basic Sanitation for the Urban Poor (UBSUP) programme, which is a country-wide up-scaling intervention aimed at providing access to basic household sanitation in urban low income areas of Kenya. UBSUP is anchored at the Water Sector Trust Fund with technical support from GIZ and funding from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and the German Government …

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216 Views
14 Downloads

SuSanA (2017)

Sustainable sanitation and the SDGs: interlinkages and opportunities

The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development puts sustainability at the forefront of global development. Since 2008, the Sustainable Sanitation Alliance (SuSanA) has been engaged in advocating for sustainability issues in sanitation. This background document describes how sustainable sanitation links to all SDGs and outlines challenges and opportunities this represents. It complements the revised …

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129 Views
3 Downloads

WASTE Netherlands, IFS (2017)

Beyond development aid: Sanitation financing & revenue models in reuse (human) waste
Conference Proceedings

The Institute for Fiscal Studies, in collaboration with WASTE, organized the conference “Beyond Development Aid: Sanitation Financing & Revenue Models in Reuse (human) Waste” in The Hague, Netherlands, the 15th of May 2017.
This conference brought together from different parts of the world; academics, practicioners and policymakers with the aim to generate knowledge regarding sanitation …

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210 Views
12 Downloads

Durrans, S., Jones, D., Pando, N.U., Wilson-Jones, M. (2017)

The recipe for success
How policy-makers can integrate water, sanitation and hygiene into actions to end malnutrition

In this report the authors analyse the approaches governments and donors are taking to cross-integrate nutrition and water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) within their nutrition and WASH national policies and plans. The report aims to provide a ‘recipe’, or toolkit, to stimulate debate and discussion of the options and opportunities to bring together WASH and nutrition policies and programmes.

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285 Views
7 Downloads

Hussein Abdul Razzaq al-Jazairi (1990)

Waste Stabilization Ponds

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229 Views
4 Downloads

Somerville, C., Cohen, M., Pantanella, E., Stankus, A., Lovatelli, A. (2016)

Small-scale Aquaculture for food production (in Arabic)

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359 Views
52 Downloads

Toetzke, J., Rück, J., Panzerbieter, T. (2017)

2+6=17 Linking WASH and Nutrition – A Blueprint for Living SDG 17

This report is a frontrunner in its approach to implement the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), and so is the initiative for this report.
This publication aims to contribute to on-going developments and to the better utilisation of the potential at the health related link between WASH and Nutrition – ensuring human well-being by increasing the ability of the body to absorb nutrients from …

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General Organization for Technical Education and Training (2004)

Water and Wastewater networks (in Arabic)

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Ministry of Human Resource Development (2014)

Clean India: Clean Schools
A Handbook

Swachh Bharat: Swachh Vidyalaya is the national campaign driving ‘Clean India: Clean Schools’. A key feature of
the campaign is to ensure that every school in India has a set of functioning and well maintained water, sanitation
and hygiene facilities. Water, sanitation and hygiene in schools refers to a combination of technical and human
development components that are necessary to produce …

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323 Views
27 Downloads

Various Authors (2017)

Fostering WaSH marketing exchange systems in informal Melanesian settlements

Multiple papers.
1. Research Brief: Melanesian WaSH policy environments to foster inclusive WaSH marketing exchanges
2. Policy Brief: Melanesian WaSH policy environments to foster inclusive WaSH marketing exchanges
3. Programmer’s Brief: Building on existing marketing exchanges in Melanesian informal settlements to improve WaSH Research
4. Programmer’s Brief: Using participatory …

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317 Views
20 Downloads

Barrington, D.J., Bartram, J., Meo, S., Saunders, S.G., Shields, K.F., Sridharan, S, and Souter, R.T. (2017)

Fostering water, sanitation and hygiene (WaSH) marketing exchanges using participatory processes:
A guide for working with residents of informal settlements in the Pacific

Through working with community members of informal settlements and a range of enabling actors, from communities, government businesses, civil society organisations, the authors were able to describe the features of a WaSH marketing exchange system that supports sustainable and inclusive wash. This guide provides practical information about how such a marketing exchange system can be fostered.

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242 Views
5 Downloads

Hall, N., Barbosa, M.C., Currie, D., Dean, A.J., Head, B., Hill, P.S., Naylor, S., Reid, S., Selvey, L., and Willis, J. (2017)

Water, sanitation and hygiene in remote Indigenous Australia
A scan of priorities

This discussion paper presents a scan of the current status of water, sanitation, and hygiene services and challenges in remote Australian Indigenous communities. It was conducted to make explicit the challenges requiring attention and to propose questions to stimulate discussion as to how various stakeholders can respond to these challenges. it was guided by examples of initiatives that have …

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300 Views
2 Downloads

Gilmont, M., Rayner, S., Harper, E., Nassar, L., Tal, N., Simpson, M., Salem, H. (2017)

Decoupling National Water Needs For National Water Supplies
Insights and Potential for Countries in the Jordan Basin

This report analyses and compares the water allocation and management experience of Jordan, Palestine and Israel using the lens of economic and resource decoupling to highlight past trends and future potential for jurisdictions in the region to circumvent limits on natural water resources. Like most Middle East economies, Jordan and Palestine face extreme water scarcity and potential food …

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261 Views
4 Downloads

Jacob, N. (2017)

Case studies are Signposts for Recognition and Encouragement
A Thematic Discussion Series hosted by the SuSanA India Chapter and India Sanitation Coalition

Case studies are an important tool of qualitative research but need to be prepared and used with care. This thematic discussion examines what constitutes a case study, how they can be collected, validated and distributed, and how they can help scale up projects.

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299 Views
14 Downloads

World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) (2017)

Progress on Drinking Water, Sanitation and Hygiene
2017 Update and SDG Baselines

The WHO/UNICEF JMP has published its first report of the SDG period, Progress on drinking water, sanitation and hygiene: 2017 update and SDG baselines. The report introduces and defines the new indicators of safely managed drinking water and sanitation services. Estimates of safely managed drinking water services, the indicator for SDG target 6.1, are presented for 96 countries, while estimates …

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367 Views
6 Downloads

Mumssen, Y. U., and Thelma T, eds., with support from Norhan Sadik and Ali Dirioz. (2017)

Status of Water Sector Regulation in the Middle East and North Africa

This report is part of a wider World Bank initiative to provide government officials and other stakeholders in the Middle East and North Africa—including civil society, service providers, potential financiers, and development practitioners—with the resources to better understand current conditions and consider approaches to regulating WSS, taking into account the benefits that could result …

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527 Views
39 Downloads

Kampala Capital City Authority (2017)

Minimum Standards for Onsite Sanitation Technology Options in Kampala

KCCA’s current drive towards improving faecal sludge management in Kampala is cognisant of the city sanitation challenges and significant contribution of sanitation to economic and social development of the country and thus its citizens. The Authority and its divisions have an intermediary function for the coordination of sanitation planning and the harmonisation with urban development …

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471 Views
41 Downloads

Kampala Capital City Authority (2017)

Behaviour Change Communication
Kampala Faecal Sludge Management Program

Guiding document for Landlords, Tenants, and Local Leaders on Safe Pit Emptying, Improved Emptiable Toilets, and Toilet Hygiene.

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476 Views
26 Downloads

Kampala Capital City Authority (2017)

Community Sanitation Sensitisation
Field Officer Information Toolkit

Toolkit on sensitising the community on safe management of faecal waste.

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344 Views
7 Downloads

Beukes, L., Naidoo,D. (2015)

Understanding and addressing the exposure of workers, the public and the environment to pathogens during pit emptying
Water Research Commission Project 2134

On-site sanitation is a desirable option in many contexts and various on-site technologies have been rolled out in South Africa, as well as other countries, as a basic standard of adequate sanitation. Most on-site sanitation
systems accumulate sludge in a collection chamber which eventually becomes full and needs to be
emptied; the system can then be recommissioned for another cycle of use. If, …

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417 Views
16 Downloads

World Health Organisation (2017)

Water, sanitation and hygiene to combat neglected tropical diseases
Initial lessons from project implementation

Water, sanitation and hygiene are essential for preventing and managing diseases including neglected tropical diseases which affect over 1 billion people among the poorest communities. Closer coordination of WASH and NTD programmes is needed to ensure WASH services are reaching the most vulnerable populations. Many WASH and NTD actors have started to work together on the planning and …

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409 Views
13 Downloads

World Health Organisation (2015)

Water sanitation and hygiene for accelerating and sustaining progress on neglected tropical diseases
A global strategy 2015-2020

Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) are critical in the prevention and care for all of the 17 neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) scheduled for intensified control or elimination by 2020.

Provision of safe water, sanitation and hygiene is one of the five key interventions within the global NTD roadmap. Yet to date, the WASH component of the strategy has received little attention and the …

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518 Views
120 Downloads

Various authors (2017)

19th SanCoP meeting on Container Based Sanitation

The meeting's focus was to develop a shared understanding of the Container Based Sanitation (CBS) industry, to consider the use of Sanitation Safety Planning (SSP) to improve health outcomes, and to generate discussion and knowledge sharing to improve risk management in CBS.

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551 Views
17 Downloads

WSUP / Light Castle Partners (2016)

Local Business Development Support for Introducing Privatized Emptying Services to the Chittagong Market

WSUP’s (Water and Sanitation for the Urban Poor) project of “introducing privatized emptying services in Chittagong” is a scale-up of their previous project of public-private partnership for septic tank emptying services that began operations in Dhaka almost a year ago. The scale-up in Chittagong is targeting the procurement and implementation of two exhausting trucks via a sustainable …

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9 Downloads

 

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40 Downloads

Lerebours, A. (2016)

Governance of Water and Sanitation
As applied to humanitarian and development projects

This manual sets out to summarise Action contre la Faim’s experience of water and sanitation governance, aided by invaluable contributions from a steering committee of governance experts. It was funded by the Action contre la Faim research foundation.

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573 Views
18 Downloads

Chitty, A., Esteves Mills, J. (2015)

WASH and Maternal and Newborn Health: Time to Act - Policy Brief

This policy brief documents the state of the evidence on how poor WASH impacts MNH and summarises SHARE's contribution to our understanding. It also highlights opportunities for future research and offers insights that could influence policy and improve programming in both sectors globally. In doing so, it offers a powerful argument in favour of using WASH to support efforts on MNH to leverage …

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573 Views
16 Downloads

Gautam, O.P., EstevesMills, J., Chitty, A., Curtis, V. (2016)

Complementary Food Hygiene Policy Brief
An Overlooked Opportunity in the WASH, Nutrition and Health Sectors

This policy brief highlights the often overlooked opportunity that addressing complementary food hygiene offers the WASH, nutrition and health sectors for improving health outcomes. It outlines SHARE's contribution to narrowing the evidence gap concerning the relationship between food hygiene and child health, indicates opportunities for future research, and offers insights that could influence …

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503 Views
14 Downloads

Chitty, A., Roma, E., Durrans, S. (2016)

Process Evaluation of Tanzania’s National Sanitation Campaign Policy Brief

This policy brief summarises the process evaluation of Tanzania's National Sanitation Campaign (NSC). It highlights the key findings and proposes several recommendations for maximising the NSC’s effectiveness.

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535 Views
26 Downloads

Balls, E. (2017)

Menstrual Hygiene Management Policy Brief

This policy brief summarises previous research on MHM and highlights the SHARE Consortium’s contribution to this important topic. It then defines knowledge gaps which still exist and sets out clear recommendations for improving policy and programmes globally.

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589 Views
24 Downloads

Durrans, S. (2017)

Microfinance for Sanitation Policy Brief

This policy brief highlights the SHARE Consortium’s contribution to the knowledge base on microfinance for sanitation. The brief defines sanitation microfinance and summarises research conducted in India and Tanzania. It then discusses the research gaps that still exist and provides recommendations for improving policies and programmes on microfinance for sanitation globally.

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485 Views
11 Downloads

Chitty, A., Wilson-Jones, M., Jones, D. (2016)

The Missing Ingredients
Are Policy-Makers Doing Enough on Water, Sanitation and Hygiene to End Malnutrition?

This report, conducted by SHARE and WaterAid, highlights why water, sanitation and hygiene are essential for nutrition. Through an analysis of national nutrition plans and policies in 13 countries, the research highlights the extent to which WASH is embedded at policy level and where and how improvements must be made.

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592 Views
20 Downloads

 

459 Views
8 Downloads

Owako, E., Kanga, S. (2017)

Legislative and Institutional Summary of Sanitation in Kisumu, Kenya

The purpose of this study exercise is to identify and summarise the current national and county level sanitation situation in Kenya. This document will inform WSUP’s ongoing work in cities such as Kisumu, and will be used a basis for further analysis of Kenya’s sanitation legislation and institutional responsibilities and mandates.

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582 Views
42 Downloads

Mills, J. E., Cumming, O. (2016)

The Impact of WASH on Key Health & Social Outcomes
Review of Evidence

This evidence paper looks at 10 areas identified collaboratively with the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) on which WASH can plausibly have a strong impact: diarrhoea, nutrition, complementary food hygiene, female psychosocial stress, violence, maternal and newborn health, menstrual hygiene management, school attendance, oral vaccine performance, and neglected tropical diseases.

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639 Views
42 Downloads

India Sanitation Coalition (2017)

Business of Change: Corporates in sanitation

This compendium is an initial collection of case studies on sanitation initiatives, and highlights how companies are engaging in the sector and supporting the Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) launched by Prime Minister Modi. These interventions show how CSR spends are increasingly being used in sanitation. It is very encouraging to see how these companies have developed thoughtful projects to support …

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664 Views
18 Downloads

Jacob, N., Saxena, S., Shahpuri, A., Nath, V. (2017)

Swachh Bharat: Vision to Mission

The India Sanitation Coalition (ISC) and Sustainable Sanitation Alliance (SuSanA) are pleased to present this report of the Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM), two and a half years after its launch. This document captures the ideas from ISC partner experiences, as well as e-discussions on the India Chapter of the SuSanA platform. It builds on these with secondary research to present the status of SBM in …

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6 Downloads

 

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571 Views
8 Downloads

Heijnen, M., Greenland, K. (2015)

Level of Behaviour Change Achievable by Handwashing with Soap Interventions: A rapid review

Evidence on Demand was requested by DFID to undertake a rapid desk-based study to assess the level of change in handwashing with soap that could be expected from a successful hygiene promotion intervention in a low or middle-income country setting. As part of this task, a summary of factors that may influence intervention outcomes and
sustainability is provided.

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7 Downloads

Biran, A., et.al. (2009)

The effect of a soap promotion and hygiene education campaign on handwashing behaviour in rural India: a cluster randomised trial

Objective: To investigate the effectiveness of a hygiene promotion intervention based on germ awareness in increasing handwashing with soap on key occasions (after faecal contact and before eating) in rural Indian households.

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490 Views
2 Downloads

Luby, S. P., et.al. (2005)

Effect of handwashing on child health: a randomised controlled trial

More than 3·5 million children aged less than 5 years die from diarrhoea and acute lower respiratory-tract infection every year. A randomised controlled trial had been undertaken to assess the effect of handwashing promotion with soap on the incidence of acute respiratory infection, impetigo, and diarrhoea.

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501 Views
4 Downloads

Biran, A., et.al. (2014)

Effect of a behaviour-change intervention on handwashing with soap in India (SuperAmma): a cluster-randomised trial

Diarrhoea and respiratory infections are the two biggest causes of child death globally. Handwashing with soap could substantially reduce diarrhoea and respiratory infections, but prevalence of adequate handwashing is low. Through this research it was tested whether a scalable village-level intervention based on emotional drivers of behaviour, rather than knowledge, could improve handwashing …

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506 Views
15 Downloads

Abdi, R., Gautam, O.P. (2016)

Approaches to promoting behaviour change around handwashing with soap

This paper seeks to improve understanding of approaches used to promote handwashing with soap, with a view to offering practical suggestions when selecting approaches.

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648 Views
26 Downloads

WaterAid (2017)

WASH and nutrition: why and how to integrate
Briefing note

This note can be used as a practical guide for WaterAid country programmes on joint WASH and nutrition programming, implementation, monitoring and advocacy.

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637 Views
8 Downloads

Simha, P., et al. (2017)

Farmer attitudes and perceptions to the re–use of fertiliser products from resource–oriented sanitation systems
The case of Vellore, South India

Abstract:
Relatively little research has been conducted to date on farmer attitudes towards the use of fertilisers from resource–oriented sanitation systems. This study employed a psycho–sociological approach to identify factors that encourage, or discourage, negative and positive attitudes to human waste recycling among farmers in southern India. A survey involving face–to–face …

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661 Views
54 Downloads

Ministry of Regional Development and Construction, et.al (2016)

Code of Practice on construction and operation of ecosan toilets and constructed wetlands
Towards improved - sustainable - sanitation for rural women, men and children

National technical standards on ecosan toilets and constructed wetlands initiated by WECF for the Republic of Moldova.

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0 Downloads

Various authors (0)

Sanitation Marketing Resources

The following resources are hosted on sanitation-marketing.org and therefore not provided by SuSanA.

We have gathered a list of SanMark resources for our Community of Practice to utilise. We would like this to be a shared library where we can assist each other with accessing information. If you would like to share a document, website or video we would all love to hear from you!

Please email …

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592 Views
9 Downloads

O’Reilly, K. et al. (2017)

Understanding Gendered Sanitation Vulnerabilities: A Study in Uttar Pradesh
Report

This report is the outcome of a study which aimed at understanding rural women and girls' age-specific experiences of using and accessing sanitation. The study focussed on the accessibility of latrines and the conditions of sanitation experienced across age, religion, caste, etc. The study objectives were informed by research indicating that women and girls have unique needs, and that these needs …

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715 Views
14 Downloads

Hranova, R. K. (2005)

The Wastewater Reuse Practice in Botswana
A Challenge for the Development of the Water Sector

The paper presents different aspects of the wastewater reuse practice in terms of formulation and choice of strategies and approaches, and the development and implementation of projects. Also, it presents international experience in the field, common drawbacks in Botswana and lessons to be learned. As an example, the results of a study of an existing institutional wastewater reuse plant (at …

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1058 Views
188 Downloads

Various authors (2017)

FSM Case Studies

Worldwide, 2.7 billion people rely on onsite sanitation and more than 4.5 billion people do not have access to safely managed sanitation services. Yet, in many places there is still no management system in place to deal with the faecal sludge (e.g. septage and pit latrine sludge) from such systems. This results in the faecal waste often being dumped directly into the immediate residential …

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648 Views
12 Downloads

UKS, GIZ and UNICEF (2016)

Kenapa Berdarah?
“Why bleeding?”

A MHM comic in Bahasa Indonesia developed by UKS team and UNICEF, in collaboration with GIZ. This book aims to provide proper guidance for young women when they face periods, while at the same time providing education for young men to appreciate their female peers who are menstruating. This book was developed based on the results of a study on MHM in Indonesia conducted by UNICEF in 2015, and has …

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815 Views
50 Downloads

UNESCO (2017)

WASTEWATER
The Untapped Ressource

The 2017 edition of the United Nations World Water Development Report (WWDR) explores the issue of wastewater and its potential as a sustainable resource. However, the findings show how much work has to be done: “Worldwide, the vast majority of wastewater is neither collected nor treated. Furthermore, wastewater collection per se is not synonymous with wastewater treatment. In many cases, …

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757 Views
61 Downloads

Shepard, J., Stevens, C., Mikhael, G. (2017)

The world can’t wait for sewers
Advancing container-based sanitation businesses as a viable answer to the global sanitation crisis

One in three people on earth — around 2.5 billion — lack decent sanitation. As the world’s population continues to urbanize at rapid pace, outstripping infrastructure and municipal capabilities, it’s a crisis that looms especially large over cities. With populations in informal settlements (“slums”) expected to double to two billion by 2030, these dense urban communities pose one of …

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1064 Views
73 Downloads

Tilley, E., et al. (2017)

Arabic Compendium of Sanitation Systems
نُظموتقنياتالصرفالصحي

This is the Arabic version of the Compendium of Sanitation Systems and Technologies. The Compendium gives a systematic overview on different sanitation systems and technologies and describes a wide range of available low-cost sanitation technologies.

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843 Views
21 Downloads

Luthra, B., et al. (2016)

Pipe Dream - Cleaning Ganga
Down to Earth Cover Story

Two flagship programmes of Prime Minister Narendra Modi are working at cross-purposes. By 2019, when Swachh Bharat Mission comes to an end, some 30 million septic tanks and pits would have been dug along the Ganga. These tanks and pits would produce 180 Million litres of faecal sludge every day, which will eventually find its way into the Ganga, defeating Namami Gange. It's time the Central, …

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685 Views
33 Downloads

Various authors (2017)

FSM4 Conference - Day 3, Track 2: Case Studies
Chennai, India

FSM4 was held in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, where the State Government has recently initiated measures to address FSM with regard to policy, regulatory changes, innovative solutions, and pilots. FSM4 focused on innovative and practical solutions that can be scaled up, including three tracks: research, case studies, and industry & exhibition.

Find below in chronological order the presentations held …

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682 Views
48 Downloads

Various authors (2017)

FSM4 Conference - Day 3, Track 1: Research
Chennai, India

FSM4 was held in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, where the State Government has recently initiated measures to address FSM with regard to policy, regulatory changes, innovative solutions, and pilots. FSM4 focused on innovative and practical solutions that can be scaled up, including three tracks: research, case studies, and industry & exhibition.

Find below in chronological order the presentations held …

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723 Views
73 Downloads

Various authors (2017)

FSM4 Conference - Day 3, Track 3: Industry
Chennai, India

FSM4 was held in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, where the State Government has recently initiated measures to address FSM with regard to policy, regulatory changes, innovative solutions, and pilots. FSM4 focused on innovative and practical solutions that can be scaled up, including three tracks: research, case studies, and industry & exhibition.

Below you find the presentations held in track 3: Industry …

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607 Views
13 Downloads

Various authors (2017)

FSM4 Conference - Day 1, Track 3: Industry
Chennai, India

FSM4 was held in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, where the State Government has recently initiated measures to address FSM with regard to policy, regulatory changes, innovative solutions, and pilots. FSM4 focused on innovative and practical solutions that can be scaled up, including three tracks: research, case studies, and industry & exhibition.

Below you find the presentations held in track 3: Industry …

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687 Views
10 Downloads

Various authors (2017)

FSM4 Conference - Day 1, Track 2: Case Studies
Chennai, India

FSM4 was held in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, where the State Government has recently initiated measures to address FSM with regard to policy, regulatory changes, innovative solutions, and pilots. FSM4 focused on innovative and practical solutions that can be scaled up, including three tracks: research, case studies, and industry & exhibition.

Below you find the presentations held in track 2: Case …

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672 Views
28 Downloads

Various authors (2017)

FSM4 Conference - Day 2, Track 3: Industry
Chennai, India

FSM4 was held in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, where the State Government has recently initiated measures to address FSM with regard to policy, regulatory changes, innovative solutions, and pilots. FSM4 focused on innovative and practical solutions that can be scaled up, including three tracks: research, case studies, and industry & exhibition.

Find below in chronological order the presentations held …

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708 Views
71 Downloads

Various authors (2017)

FSM4 Conference - Day 2, Track 2: Case Studies
Chennai, India

FSM4 was held in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, where the State Government has recently initiated measures to address FSM with regard to policy, regulatory changes, innovative solutions, and pilots. FSM4 focused on innovative and practical solutions that can be scaled up, including three tracks: research, case studies, and industry & exhibition.

Find below in chronological order the presentations held …

read more & download …

 

688 Views
19 Downloads

Various authors (2017)

FSM4 Conference - Day 2, Track 1: Research
Chennai, India

FSM4 was held in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, where the State Government has recently initiated measures to address FSM with regard to policy, regulatory changes, innovative solutions, and pilots. FSM4 focused on innovative and practical solutions that can be scaled up, including three tracks: research, case studies, and industry & exhibition.

Find below in chronological order the presentations held …

read more & download …

 

726 Views
67 Downloads

Various authors (2017)

FSM4 Conference - Day 1, Track 1: Research
Chennai, India

FSM4 was held in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, where the State Government has recently initiated measures to address FSM with regard to policy, regulatory changes, innovative solutions, and pilots. FSM4 focused on innovative and practical solutions that can be scaled up, including three tracks: research, case studies, and industry & exhibition.

Below you find the presentations held in track 1: Research …

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835 Views
20 Downloads

Kidwai, N. L. (2016)

Tying up with sanitation ecosystems

Comment by Naina Lal Kidwai to the imperative to reimagine the role of the corporate beyond funding and infrastructure creation to achieve a sustainable sanitation ecosystem.

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906 Views
60 Downloads

Rohilla, S., Watwani, J., et al. (2016)

Urban Shit
Where does this sludge go?

Every four in 10 houses in Indian cities and towns use latrines connected to septic tanks.
Most municipalities do not have a proper plan to dispose of the faecal sludge collected in these tanks.

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1005 Views
34 Downloads

Saxena, S., Nath, V., Shahpuri, A., Bauer, M. (2017)

Corporates in Sanitation - The value proposition
White Paper

Content
- Background
- Why Sanitation
- Defined Forms of Engagement
- Investing Strategically into Sanitation
- The Role of the India Sanitation Coalition

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724 Views
46 Downloads

GIZ (2017)

Sustainable Sanitation Newsletter 2017 (in English and French)
Issue no. 50, February 2017

Archived newsletters of the regular electronic news bulletin from the sustainable sanitation projects. These newsletters were sent to subscribed members involved in initiatives and projects in the field of sanitation. Discusses news, publications, books, studies, conferences, online information, and events

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815 Views
94 Downloads

Fernandez-Martinez, L., et al. (2017)

Predicting the impact of sanitation investment projects on the Sanitation Service Chain (SSC), using excreta flow diagrams (SFDs)

Onsite sanitation systems are the predominant sanitation option worldwide (Medland et al., 2015). High population density in cities in low-middle income countries means that faecal sludge (FS) from onsite systems cannot be managed safely onsite. This creates a need for safe management of the FS through the sanitation service chain (SSC) (Hawkins et al. 2013). The movement of FS and wastewater …

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962 Views
91 Downloads

Various authors (2017)

FSM4 Conference - Abstracts of Presentations
Chennai, India

FSM4 was held in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, where the State Government has recently initiated measures to address FSM with regard to policy, regulatory changes, innovative solutions, and pilots. FSM4 focused on innovative and practical solutions that can be scaled up, including three tracks: research, case studies, and industry & exhibition.

Below you find the abstracts of all presentations held in …

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1166 Views
150 Downloads

 

1018 Views
22 Downloads

Nath, V., Bauer, M. (2017)

FSSM matters: Looking Forward
Ushering A New Era in Sanitation Value Chain Management in Rajasthan

Output document of the India Sanitation Coalition Insights event in Jaipur to discuss whether it is time to consider Fecal Sludge and Septage Management (FSSM) as an effective and long-term solution in the sanitation value chain.

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967 Views
57 Downloads

Toetzke, J. (2016)

Linking WASH & Nutrition – A Roadmap towards Better Health
Thematic Discussion Synthesis

Linking water, sanitation, hygiene (WASH) and nutrition has gained momentum globally. National policies and development partners’ strategies in numerous countries already acknowledge the importance of adequate WASH for achieving good nutrition outcomes, and call for WASH interventions to be scaled up alongside and within nutrition actions. More broadly, achieving the Sustainable Development …

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983 Views
44 Downloads

Hajra, G., Dutta, A. (2016)

The gap between construction and usage of toilets
An under-identified problem

Government of India initiatives have been instrumental in constructing or partially subsidising the construction of
toilets for poorer households. However, even after two decades of such large-scale efforts, the programme failed to tackle the water-borne disease burden. Of late, studies have located the rift between construction and use of toilets. Scientific analyses of identifying inter- and …

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925 Views
17 Downloads

Grossi, V., et al. (2016)

The situation of water, sanitation and hygiene in schools in the pan-European region

Adequate access to water, hygiene and sanitation (WASH) is every human’s and child’s right. Ensuring WASH accessibility in schools is encompassed in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and is a priority area under the Protocol on Water and Health to the 1992 Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes. This publication summarizes the …

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825 Views
4 Downloads

van Maanen, P. et al. (2016)

Prioritizing pupils’ education, health and well-being
Water, sanitation and hygiene in schools in the pan-European region

Rights to education and to water and sanitation are important milestones for modern society. For all children, a healthy learning environment is a prerequisite for a decent life in the 21st century. The provision of easy access to safe and sustainable water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services in all child-care settings is vital for children’s best health, well-being and learning. There is …

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803 Views
20 Downloads

Baschinger, J. et al. (2015)

Hygiene
Schools and Hygiene

Water, sanitation an Hygiene (WASH) conditions are playing a big role in our everyday live.
Having Information and knowledge as well as caring about hygiene can not only save lives and ensure better health but it could also help achieve educational, social and economic improvement.
As we see it, schools, being a place of knowledge, are in a good position to get a massage across about the …

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1012 Views
45 Downloads

Veses, O. et al. (2016)

SFD Report - Holleta, Ethiopia
SFD Promotion Initiative

Holleta is an Ethiopian city located in the Oromia region at a distance of 35 Km from Addis Ababa, lying between levations of 2,320 and 2,460 meters above sea level. The average rainfall in Holleta is 1,367 mm and the mean temperature varies from 12.3 to 15.9oC. Population in 2015 was 57,828 with an average of 6.7 members per household. The main economic activity is agriculture with several crops …

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875 Views
28 Downloads

Tiberghien, J-E. (2016)

School WASH reports
Four reports analyse the status of water, sanitation and hygiene in schools in Bangladesh, Nepal, India and Pakistan.

Just 71% schools worldwide have a safe water supply – as few as 54% in sub-Saharan Africa, and just 69% have safe sanitation access – as few as 53% in sub-Saharan Africa (UNICEF 2015). Correct use, maintenance, and sustainability of school water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services, and hygiene behaviours, remain big challenges in many countries.
WaterAid has conducted research in …

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1015 Views
57 Downloads

Veses, O., et al. (2016)

SFD Report - Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
SFD Promotion Initiative

Bahir Dar is a city located northwest Ethiopia with a tropical savannah climate. According to the Town Administration, the population is 318,429 people, where 85% live in the urban and 15% in the peri-urban and rural areas of the city (data from 2012). Economic activities include an expanding textile industry as well as rapidly growing agro-industries. The potential for tourism and real estate …

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1016 Views
89 Downloads

Furlong, C. (2016)

SFD Report - Santa Cruz, Bolivia
SFD Promotion Initiative

Santa Cruz de la Serria Metropolitan Area (SCMA) is the second largest urban area in Bolivia. It is a major economic centre in Bolivia. There are approximately 1.9 million inhabitants in SCMA. The city is considered to be one of the fastest growing cities in the world. Santa Cruz is located in eastern Bolivia on the Pirai Riva at an altitude of 416 m above sea level. SCMA has a tropical savanna …

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866 Views
8 Downloads

White, S., et al. (2016)

A Qualitative Study of Barriers to Accessing Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for Disabled People in Malawi

Globally, millions of people lack access to improved water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH). Disabled people, disadvantaged both physically and socially, are likely to be among those facing the greatest inequities in WASH access. This study explores the WASH priorities of disabled people and uses the social model of disability and the World Health Organization’s International Classification of …

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1051 Views
26 Downloads

Dodos, J. (2017)

WASH’ Nutrition (English/French)
A practical guidebook on increasing nutritional impact through integration of WASH and Nutrition programmes

The guidebook on how to increase nutritional impact through integration of WASH and Nutrition programmes is an operational guidebook which demonstrates the importance of both supplementing nutrition programmes with WASH activities and adapting WASH interventions to include nutritional considerations i.e. making them more nutrition-sensitive and impactful on nutrition. It has been developed to …

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1069 Views
163 Downloads

SuSanA (2017)

Contribution of sustainable sanitation to the Agenda 2030 for sustainable development
SuSanA Vision Document 2017

The Sustainable Sanitation Alliance (SuSanA) was formed in 2007 with the aim of promoting and lobbying for sustainability in sanitation in the context of the Millennium Development Goals. Over the last 10 years SuSanA has made a significant contribution to sector development, with sector actors now focussing increasingly on the sustainability of sanitation services in a variety of ways. …

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932 Views
33 Downloads

Walther, D., et al. (2016)

Local and innovative waste water solution
The case of Kochi

This project description summarises the steps towards an energy and resource-efficient wastewater and septage management system in Kochi.
It is a project coordinated by the Support to National Urban Sanitation Policy project of GIZ India.

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913 Views
27 Downloads

Andersson, K., Dickin, S., Rosemarin, A. (2016)

Towards “Sustainable” Sanitation: Challenges and Opportunities in Urban Areas

While sanitation is fundamental for health and wellbeing, cities of all sizes face growing challenges in providing safe, affordable and functional sanitation systems that are also sustainable. Factors such as limited political will, inadequate technical, financial and institutional capacities and failure to integrate safe sanitation systems into broader urban development have led to a persistence …

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911 Views
26 Downloads

Parkinson, J., Lüthi, C., Walther, D. (2014)

Sanitation 21
A Planning Framework for Improving City-wide Sanitation Services

Sanitation21 is an important component of the global sanitation toolkit, which presents a planning framework based on international best practices. Initially developed in 2006, this updated version builds on recent experiences where good planning has formed an integral part of achieving improvements in urban sanitation.
In the context of this document, planning is essentially about responding to …

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920 Views
35 Downloads

Ministry of Urban Development (Government of India) (2014)

National Urban Sanitation Policy

This publication summarizes the background, vision and sanitation policy issues in India that are adressed with the National Urban Sanitation Policy by the Ministry of Urban Development. It also provides draft frameworks, e.g. for City Sanitation Plans or developing state sanitation strategies.

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627 Views
0 Downloads

Walther, D. et al. (2014)

Support to the National Urban Sanitation Policy (SNUSP II) Factsheet

This factsheet provides an overview of the SNUSP Project objectives, approach and achievements.

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1141 Views
23 Downloads

Jacob, N., von Falkenhausen, A., Bauer, M. (2017)

Corporate Engagement in Sanitation
Synthesis Document - SuSanA Indian Chapter online discussion

Under the umbrella of the SuSanA Indian Chapter, the India Sanitation Coalition in partnership with SuSanA, held a four-week thematic discussion on exploring opportunities and challenges of corporate engagement in sanitation. This synthesis is a summary of all topics discussed in the forum about corporate engagement.
The discussion not only focussed on corporate engage-ment via Corporate Social …

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424 Views
2 Downloads

Walther, D. et al. (2015)

Introducing City Sanitation Plan
Trainer's Manual

Ensuring citywide sanitation is challenging and needs strategic planning as well as involvement of various actors /agencies, such as decision makers at state and city level, city engineers and technical experts in areas of urban planning, sanitation, technical infrastructure and financing. One of the main requirements in establishing a citywide sanitation system on the ground is strong …

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905 Views
38 Downloads

Walther, D. et al. (2016)

Preparing City Sanitation Plan
Trainer's Manual

This training programme is a unique blend of training courses for participants coupled with additional handholding support through various mechanisms in a step-wise manner. This is a distinguishing feature from other stand-alone training programmes and ensures that the participants are themselves capacitated through the training. Handholding support leads to transfer of knowledge on the ground …

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892 Views
21 Downloads

Nandan, V., Dua, S. (2014)

Enabling Systems for Improved Municipal Solid Waste Management in Cities
Making way for a clean and healthy India

This factsheet was published by the Support to National Urban Sanitation Policy-Project by GIZ India to give an overview of ways that this project apporaches to manage Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) in urban areas.

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756 Views
21 Downloads

Hall, N. et al. (2016)

Strengthening community participation in meeting UN Sustainable Development Goal 6 for water, sanitation and hygiene
Discussion Paper No.3

Countries have much work to do to achieve the UN Sustainable Development Goals by 2030. But development projects don’t always go the way you expect. A resettlement project in Laos recently provided taps and toilets as a way to improve hygiene and health outcomes for communities. But on revisiting the resettled village, the project team was dismayed to find that the new brick toilet facilities …

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726 Views
16 Downloads

Hall, N. et al. (2016)

Achieving the UN Sustainable Developement Goals for water and beyond
Discussion Paper No.2

This transdisciplinary discussion paper, from 13 researchers across seven schools at The University of Queensland, considers Australia’s efforts to achieve the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals in Australia and within the broader Asia-Pacific region. It focuses particularly on those SDGs that are concerned with water, and it challenges the current steps being undertaken towards …

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699 Views
7 Downloads

Hall, N. et al. (2016)

The UN Sustainable Development Goals for water and sanitation - How should Australia respond within and beyond its borders?
Discussion Paper No.1

Australia is positioned next to south-east Asia, where one billion people lack access to adequate sanitation facilities. Only half the population in the Pacific Island countries have access to such facilities, while poor hygiene and unsanitary living conditions have contributed to children in remote Australian Aboriginal communities experiencing a higher rate of common infectious diseases than in …

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947 Views
44 Downloads

Stockholm International Water Institute (2016)

City-wide sanitation: The role of planning
Policy brief

In 2016 the World Water Week (WWW) brought together leading experts from around the world to discuss and share the latest experiences on planning urban sanitation in two sessions convened by WaterAid, UNDP-SIWI Water Governance Facility, GIZ, SuSanA, and the World Bank. This policy brief synthesises the key lessons and recommendations that grew out of that encounter, calling for more flexible and …

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958 Views
92 Downloads

De Albuquerque, C. (2014)

Realising the human rights to water and sanitation: A handbook

A product of six years of work, the goal of the handbook is to explain the meaning and legal obligations of these rights and to translate complex technical and legal language into accessible information. Designed for a broad audiences in the Global South and North, the information should be useful to civil society sanitation advocates, human right organizations, national and local offcials, …

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803 Views
19 Downloads

SuSanA (2016)

SuSanA - Thematic Discussion Series synthesis template

This is the template for SuSanA Thematic Discussion Series syntheses in a Word format. Please use this format if you wish to prepare a new SuSanA synthesis.

If you have any questions please E-Mail the secretariat: info@susana.org

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894 Views
11 Downloads

Monse, B. et al. (2016)

Localized school-based feeding concept
in the autonomous region of Muslim

Making schools healthy environments requires a holistic approach that should combine various interventions to ensure that children are fit for school. However, these interventions must be simple, scalable, sustainable, and integrated into existing systems to ensure that they can be feasibly implemented by school communities with limited resources. Increasing its usefulness could only be possible …

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1208 Views
69 Downloads

Toilet Board Coalition Secretariat (2016)

The digitalisation of sanitation
Transformation to smart, scalable and aspirational sanitation for all

In 2016 the Toilet Board Coalition ran a Feasibility Study to explore the potential role of mobile and digital applications to drive efficiencies and consumer demand in sanitation business models operating in low income markets. The following questions were at the centre of our inquiry:

• How are sanitation businesses operating in low-income markets using mobile and digital applications in …

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822 Views
25 Downloads

GTO (2016)

WASH ePaper
Issue No.6

The WASH ePaper is an online magazine published at regular intervals in German, English, French and Spanish. Each issue takes a closer look at a current key issue in the water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) sector and related areas. It also provides updates on forthcoming national and international events, highlights current publications and projects, and reports on news from the sector. The WASH …

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882 Views
110 Downloads

Fernández-Martínes, L. (2016)

Using the Shit/Excreta Flow Diagrams (SFDs) for modelling future scenarios in Kumasi, Ghana
A research project submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of the degree of Master of Science of Loughborough University

The high population density of the cities does not allow families to safely abandon onsite sanitation facilities. This creates a need for a sanitation service chain to safely manage feacal waste. Hence, Shit/Excreta Flow Diagrams (SFD) are being developed as an analysis tool, which illustrates excreta pathways along the sanitation service chain in a city. The main objective of this study is to …

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1256 Views
97 Downloads

Hague, J. (2016)

Sanitation in the circular economy
Transformation to a commercially valuable, self-sustaining, biological system

In 2016 the Toilet Board Coalition ran a feasibility study to explore the potential role of sanitation in the circular economy. The following questions were at the centre of our inquiry:

• Are there products or materials of value being upcycled from toilet resources?

• Are there scalable business models to deliver sustainable supply of these products to the market?

• Is there …

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919 Views
7 Downloads

Hynes, P. (2016)

Thematic Discussion: Integrating sectors to address the holistic needs of children
Thematic Discussion Series Synthesis

The new era of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) has enhanced the conversation around the need for partnerships (SDG 17) and has accelerated a conversation about how organisations should best work together. The success of each SDG is linked to the progress of all the other Goals, especially when we consider the most vulnerable, such as children in their first 1,000 days of life. A …

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948 Views
13 Downloads

Mason, N., Matoso, M., Hueso, A., (2016)

Beyond political commitment to sanitation
Navigating incentives for prioritisation and course correction in Ethiopia, India and Indonesia

A growing number of countries are showing commitment on sanitation at the highest levels of government. However, to turn this commitment into action, it is necessary to permeate the prioritisation of sanitation throughout the government machinery and to ensure course correction, adapting policy to the blockages and emerging implementation challenges. This research explores these processes in …

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1268 Views
23 Downloads

Danaei, G. et al. (2016)

Risk factors for childhood stunting in 137 developing countries: A comparative risk assessment analysis at global, regional and country level

Stunting affects one-third of children under 5 years old in developing countries, and 14% of childhood deaths are attributable to it. A large number of risk factors for stunting have been identified in epidemiological studies. However, the relative contribution of these risk factors to stunting has not been examined across countries. We estimated the number of stunting cases among children aged …

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1188 Views
20 Downloads

Jacob, N. (2016)

On the way to "clean India": 2 years of Swacch Bharat Mission (Urban)
Thematic Discussion Series Synthesis Document

With the implementation of the SuSanA Indian Chapter, disucssions around Sanitation in India are held in a regular period on the SuSanA Forum.
In India, Swachh Bharat Mission has been launched 2nd October 2014 to eradicate open defecation and implement behaviour change across India´s society. The following is a synthesis of the posts published during the discussion about the challenges and …

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1222 Views
20 Downloads

Jacob, N., von Falkenhausen, A., Bauer, M. (2016)

On the way to "clean India": 2 years of Swacch Bharat Mission (Gramin) (Rural)
Thematic Discussion Series Synthesis Document

With the implementation of the SuSanA Indian Chapter, this TDS was the first with focus on sanitation in India. Since it was launched 2nd October, 2014, Swacch Bharat Mission (SBM) has been one of the Indian government’s flagship programmes to eradicate open defecation and implement behaviour change across India´s society.

The first thematic online discussion of the India Sanitation …

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1135 Views
103 Downloads

Dauenhauer, K., Schlenk, J., Langkau, T. (2016)

Managing WASH in Schools: Is the Education Sector Ready?
A Thematic Discussion Series hosted by GIZ and SuSanA

The direct links of WinS to SDG3 (health), SDG4 (education) and SDG6 (water and sanitation) pose the chance for increased inter-sectoral cooperation. Thereby, the education sector’s leadership and management are critical to broad-scale implementation and success of WinS. Yet, how is the education sector taking WASH on board and how can the sector manage it? How does the reality look like in …

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920 Views
38 Downloads

John Rogers, W. et. al. (2016)

Water and sanitation interlinkages across the 2030 Agenda for sustainable development

This UN-Water Analytical Brief analyses the central role of water and sanitation to describe the links and interdependencies between the targets of Sustainable Development Goal 6 on water and sanitation and those of other SDGs. It aims to stimulate United Nations Member States’ consideration of the water-related linkages within the SDGs to facilitate an integrated approach to implementation.

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1290 Views
60 Downloads

Hutton, G., Varughese, M. (2016)

The costs of meeting the 2030 Sustainable Development Goal targets on drinking water, sanitation and hygiene

This study provides an assessment of the global costs of meeting the WASH-related targets of SDG 6. The targets assessed include achieving universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all (target 6.1), achieving access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all, and ending open defecation (target 6.2). The estimates include 140 countries, or 85% of the …

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807 Views
26 Downloads

UN (2016)

The Sustainable Development Goals Report 2016

The aim of this report is to present an overview of the 17 SDGs using data available in 2016 to highlight the most significant gaps and challenges. This baseline report is meant to be a starting point for the implementation of the SDGs and its monitoring.

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776 Views
28 Downloads

Reidhead, W. (2016)

Monitoring water and sanitation in the 2030 Agenda for sustainable development - an introduction

This UN-Water publication presents the Integrated Monitoring of water and sanitation related targets (GEMI), being currently development. This initiative complements the monitoring work on water supply and sanitation which is conducted by the WHO/ UNICEF Joint Monitoring Pro-gramme (JMP) and the UN-Water Global Analysis and Assessment of Sanitation and Drinking-Water (GLAAS). These programs, JMP, …

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851 Views
26 Downloads

pS-Eau (2016)

WASH services in the Sustainable Development Goals

This document brief aims to give the context of the development of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) and highlights the issues of water and sanitation in the SDGs. This should allow WASH actors to better link their actions to the implementation of the SDGs and easily find the key documents of the 2030 Agenda.

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1340 Views
53 Downloads

Baron, C. et al. (2016)

Technical reports n°19 – Water in cities, sanitation and insecurity
Contrasted realities in Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso) and Niamey (Niger)

This study is based on surveys con-ducted in six poor districts of Oua-gadougou and five of Niamey. It gives a comparison of the situation between the two cities in terms of access to water and sanitation. Its Primary objective is to clarify ambiguous concepts of "precarious" and "poor", qualifying both households and neighbourhoods. The second objective is to appreciate the interlocking between …

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927 Views
23 Downloads

Gabert, J., (2016)

How to make urban and sanitation planning work?
Lessons learnt from West Africa, South East Asia, Madagascar, and Haiti

In preparation for the 2015 BORDA Symposium, BORDA had asked GRET to address the following questions:
- What are the main challenges to make sanitation programmes at the municipal level successful?
- What bottlenecks and mistakes in international cooperation should be avoided?
- What is needed from national and local players and the international community to ensure integrated management …

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861 Views
29 Downloads

Van de Lande, L. (2015)

Eliminating discrimination and inequalities in access to water and sanitation

This document UN-Water provides a summary on discrimination and inequality in the field of water and sanitation: it explains the concept of discrimination, details the human rights in regarding equity in the WASH sector and presents the course of action towards the elimination of discrimination and inequality.

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937 Views
14 Downloads

Baetings, E. (2016)

Sanitation market research in rural Cambodia
Rapid assessment of supply and demand in three rural districts

Key Fndings

• In general, the rural supply chains for sanitation products and services are well established in the three districts.

• Uptake of toilets is showing steady progress but slows down drastically when the last mile 1 is in sight.

• Rural households opt for high-end, rather expensive sanitation facilities.

• The preferred types of toilet facilities are …

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830 Views
18 Downloads

Sommer, M. et al. (2016)

Managing menstruation in the workplace: An overlooked issue in low- und middle-income countries

The potential menstrual hygiene management barriers faced by adolescent girls and women in workplace environments in low- and middle-income countries has been under addressed in research, programming and policy. Despite global efforts to reduce poverty among women in such contexts, there has been insufficient attention to the water and sanitation related barriers, specifically in relation to …

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965 Views
10 Downloads

Chunga, R.M. et al. (2016)

Adopt or adapt: Sanitation technology choices in urbanizing Malawi

This paper presents the results of a mixed-methods study examining adaptation strategies that property owners in low-income, rapidly urbanizing areas in Malawi adopt to address the limitations of pit latrines, the most common method of disposing human excreta. A particular challenge is lack of space for constructing new latrines aspopulation density increases: traditional practice has been to cap …

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1209 Views
29 Downloads

Tiberghien, J.-E. et al. (2016)

A tale of clean cities:
Insights for planning urban sanitation from Ghana, India and the Philippines

Uncontrolled urbanisation and proliferation of slums makes development of urban sanitation a big challenge. To contribute to the efforts towards the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) target of universal access to sanitation, the research A tale of clean cities aimed to learn from three cities that are performing well in sanitation: Kumasi, Ghana; San Fernando, the Philippines; and Visakhapatnam, …

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966 Views
10 Downloads

Abramovsky, L. et al. (2016)

Improving CLTS targeting: Evidence from Nigeria

Many low-income countries face the hefty challenge of increasing sanitation coverage, in both rural and urban areas, which demand di erent solutions. In response, governments, with support from international agencies, bilateral donors and non-government organisations, are deploying a range of programmes and policies to accelerate progress towards the new global goals. Community-led total …

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1023 Views
32 Downloads

Barot, N., Ramisetty, M., Kapur, D. (2016)

Formative research to develop appropriate participatory approaches towards water, sanitation and hygiene in rural areas

Most sanitation promotion approaches are only partially successful in providing short term increases in sanitation coverage and usage. Behaviour change communication messages designed as marketing interventions often fail to address deeper underlying causes of resistance behind people’s reluctance to adopt improved and safe sani-tation and hygiene. This study was undertaken with the objective …

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939 Views
15 Downloads

Eremutha, F. et al. (2016)

Evaluation of sanitary conditions in Kuje Market in Abuja, Nigeria with diverse cultural practices and provision of a Dry Ecological Toilet System

This paper presents the general sanitation practices by the traders in a major market in Kuje located in the Federal Capital Territory (FCT), Abuja and our efforts in reorientating the market stakeholders towards the provision and use of a new dry sanitation toilet complex. The market is known for its diversity in Nigerian ethnicity, culture and the variety of goods and services. A novel toilet …

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1010 Views
79 Downloads

Furlong, C. et al. (2016)

Learnings from implementing the excreta flow diagram (SFD) process in Kumasi

Abstract:
Excreta, Faecal or Shit Flow Diagrams (SFDs) are away to clearly represent how excreta flows along the sanitation service chain. This approach has already gaines popularity and many SFDs have already been produced. To date little attention has been paid to the methods and data used, or the credibility of the SFDs. The SFD Promotion Initiative has created a tool to enable the wieder …

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1318 Views
70 Downloads

Lutters, M.C. et al. (2016)

Menstrual Hygiene Management – An overview of a neglected issue
Link collection for MHM

The link collection is organized according to four main topics that address MHM, namely:
- An introduction to MHM, Top Reads,
- Challenges and the Intersectoral Nature of MHM and MHM Materials,
- Actions and Interventions that are all-encompassing.

Please take into account that this source is not exhaustive and thus only contains files that were pre-selected and in this Initiative driven …

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1197 Views
37 Downloads

WASH advocates (2014)

Water, Sanitation and Hygiene in Nutrition Efforts: A Resource Guide

This resource guide includes manuals, reports, academic studies, and organizations working on WASH and nutrition. The guide can serve as a tool for implementers and advocates in the WASH/Nutrition nexus looking to pursue and promote integrated programming.

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1111 Views
4 Downloads

Mitchell, C. et al. (2016)

Making pathogen hazards visible: a new heuristic to improve sanitation investment efficacy

The public health objective of sanitation is to reduce the risk of negative health outcomes from faecal contamination. For water-based sanitation systems at the household and community scale as practised in Indonesia and perhaps elsewhere, the liquid component of the effluent comprises a significant pathogen hazard. While increasing attention is paid to managing the solid fraction, the hazard in …

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1095 Views
0 Downloads

Various authors (2014)

SuSanA cartoon competition

SuSanA and the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) held a sanitation-themed cartoon competition. The spirit of the competition was to create cartoons which would get people to laugh and talk about sanitation - towards breaking the taboo around sanitation!

We received creative, funny, and profound cartoons from around the world, which highlighted humour around the …

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1031 Views
11 Downloads

Campbell, OM. et al. (2015)

Getting the basics right - the role of water, sanitation and hygiene in maternal and reproductive health
A conceptual framework

To explore linkages between water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) and maternal and perinatal health via a conceptual approach and a scoping review
Methods:
We developed a conceptual framework iteratively, amalgamating three literature-based lenses. We then searched literature and identified risk factors potentially linked to maternal and perinatal health. We conducted a systematic scoping …

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1060 Views
0 Downloads

Smith, L. C. et al. (2011)

Admissible Evidence in the Court of Development Evaluation?
The Impact of CARE’s SHOUHARDO Project on Child Stunting in Bangladesh

Along with the rise of the development effectiveness movement of the last few decades, experimental impact evaluation methods – randomised controlled trials and quasiexperimental techniques – have emerged as a dominant force. While the increased use of these methods has contributed to improved understanding of what works and whether specific projects have been successful, their ‘gold …

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1051 Views
15 Downloads

 

1025 Views
0 Downloads

SHINE Trial Team (2016)

The sanitation hygiene infant nutrition efficacy (SHINE) trial: rationale, design and methods

Child stunting and anemia are intractable public health problems in developing countries and have profound short- and long-term consequences. The Sanitation Hygiene Infant Nutrition Efficacy (SHINE) trial is motivated by the premise that environmental enteric dysfunction (EED) is a major underlying cause of both stunting and anemia, that chronic inflammation is the central characteristic of EED …

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1536 Views
0 Downloads

CAWST (2014)

Latrine Design and Construction Workshop

This collection contains the resources for both trainers and participants for the Latrine Design and Construction workshop. This five-day workshop is designed for latrine project implementers and masons. In this workshop, participants will learn how to design and construct latrines for low-income communities not connected to a sewerage system. The focus is on designing latrines that are …

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1302 Views
0 Downloads

CAWST, Eawag-Sandec (2016)

Faecal Sludge Management Workshop

This collection contains the resources for both trainers and participants for CAWST and Eawag-Sandec's Introduction to Faecal Sludge Management workshop. This is a two-three day introductory workshop on FSM designed for various sanitation stakeholders. In this workshop, participants will learn about faecal sludge management for low-income communities not connected to a sewer. The workshop …

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1354 Views
67 Downloads

UNICEF, GIZ (2016)

Scaling up group handwashing in schools
Compendium of group washing facilities across the globe

Handwashing with soap is among the most effective hygiene behaviours helping to prevent infectious diseases. The importance of daily group handwashing has been recognized and integrated into the UNICEF/GIZ Three Star Approach (TSA) to WASH in Schools (WinS), which has gained momentum around the world. With its focus o usable, cost-efficient and adequate infrastructure, the TSA provides a …

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1063 Views
11 Downloads

Chitty, A., Jones, D., Wilson-Jones, M. (2016)

The missing ingredients
Are policy-makers doing enough on water, sanitation and hygiene to end malnutrition

Governments around the world have committed to end malnutrition by 2030. However, international and national nutrition plans and actions will fail if they don’t include all the ingredients for success. Evidence shows that scaling up nutrition-specific interventions to 90% coverage in 34 of the countries with the highest burden of child undernutrition, will only reduce stunting by 20%.

This …

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1153 Views
20 Downloads

Haddad, L. et al (2016)

Global Nutrition Report 2016
From Promise to Impact - Ending Malnutrition by 2030

The Global Nutrition Report is the only independent and comprehensive annual review of the state of the world’s nutrition. It is a multipartner initiative that holds a mirror up to our successes and failures at meeting intergovernmental nutrition targets. It documents progress on commitments made on the global stage, and it recommends actions to accelerate that progress.

The Global …

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1106 Views
31 Downloads

Ddiba, D. I. W., Andersson, K., Rosemarin, A. (2016)

Resource Value Mapping (REVAMP): A tool for evaluating the resource recovery potential of urban waste streams

This discussion brief introduces a new tool being developed in the SEI Initiative on Sustainable Sanitation.

There is increasing interest in the concept of the circular economy and “closing the loop” in our use of various vital resources – including water, energy and mineral resources. This is driven not only by an interest in reducing the social and environmental damage linked to …

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1051 Views
30 Downloads

Ddiba, I.W.D. (2016)

Estimating the potential for resource recovery from productive sanitation in urban areas

To-date, sanitation and waste management has mainly been approached from a public and environmental health perspective and this implies that excreta and other organic waste streams are seen not only as a hazard to quickly get rid of but also as only a very costly menace to manage. However, looking at sanitary and other urban organic waste streams from a resource recovery perspective provides an …

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1915 Views
160 Downloads

Andersson, K., Rosemarin, A., Lamizana, B., Kvarnström, E., McConville, J., Seidu, R., Dickin, S. and Trimmer, C. (2016)

Sanitation, Wastewater Management and Sustainability: from Waste Disposal to Resource Recovery

Few areas of investment today have as much to offer the global shift towards sustainable development as sanitation and wastewater management.1 Gaps in access to decent, functioning sanitation are clear markers of inequality and disadvantage. Unsafe management of excreta and wastewater expose populations to disease,
and degrade ecosystems and the services they provide. At the same time, there is …

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1604 Views
212 Downloads

Raj, S. et al. (2016)

SFD Exchange Meeting - its use and potential in the sanitation sector
Presentation from the SFD Exchange Meeting at World Water Week 2016 in Stockholm, Sweden

The SFD Promotion Initiative has been working over the past year to develop a consistent method and the tools for producing excreta flow diagrams, the SFD (also called Shit Flow Diagrams). SFD is a powerful visualization tool that summarizes and presents excreta flows from containment (user interface) to their final destination in a given city. The Initiative was introduced to the broader …

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1379 Views
46 Downloads

Schaub-Jones, D. (2012)

Sanitation as a business
Trends shaping the market for urban sanitation – a discussion paper

In November 2011, Jefferson County, Alabama made world news by filing for the largest-ever American municipal bankruptcy. Bad housing loans? Pension liabilities too great? No, it was the huge cost of investing in new sewers that tipped them over the edge.

Around the same time, a thousand miles to the North, the municipalities on Cape Cod, Massachusetts, were holding public meetings to discuss …

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1282 Views
48 Downloads

Nothomb, C. et al. (2016)

Sanitation as a business
Unclogging the blockages

The first Unclogging the Blockages conference took place in Kampala, Uganda from Feb 18-20 with the aim of putting on the table some of the major challenges facing the scale up of sustainable sanitation as well as in in collaborating towards innovative solutions. The conference gathered a diverse array of over 150 individuals both from within and outside the sanitation sector, including those …

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1246 Views
33 Downloads

Bongartz, P., Vernon, N., Fox, J. (2016)

Sustainable sanitation for all
Experiences, challenges and innovations

Describing the landscape of sustainability of CLTS and sanitation with reference to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and through examples from Africa and Asia, the book captures a range of experiences and innovations from a broad range of institutions and actors within the WASH sector, and attempts to make recommendations and practical suggestions for policy and practice for …

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1275 Views
0 Downloads

ISF-UTS, SNV (2016)

Exploring legal and policy aspects of urban sanitation and hygiene

During 2012-2014, SNV did four country reviews of legal arrangements for urban sanitation and hygiene in Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Indonesia. Based on these experiences, this guide was developed to provide support and guidance for WASH practitioners undertaking a scan of legal arrangements to inform the design (use of frameworks and tools) and delivery (advocacy for improvements) of urban …

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1139 Views
0 Downloads

ISF-UTS, SNV (2014)

Financing sanitation for cities and towns

Planning and financing for sanitation in cities and towns in developing countries is often ad hoc and piecemeal. Stronger capacity to plan financing for sanitation infrastructure (and services) for the long term will lead to better outcomes. Planning for adequate long-term services requires consideration of the complete sanitation service chain over the lifecycle of the associated service …

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1336 Views
0 Downloads

ISF-UTS, SNV (2016)

A guide to septage transfer stations

Septage transfer stations have the potential to significantly reduce the amount of faecal sludge entering the environment by providing a local solution for septage disposal. Localised transfer stations shorten the time required for local operators to collect and transport septage, and they will be able to use smaller vacuum tanks that can navigate the densely populated residential areas. This …

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1149 Views
0 Downloads

ISF-UTS, SNV (2016)

Are we doing the right thing? Critical questioning for city sanitation planning

Cities are clear examples of complex and rapidly changing systems, particularly in countries where urban population growth and economic development continue apace, and where the socio-political context strongly influences the directions taken. The concept of double-loop learning can be usefully applied to city sanitation planning. This paper prompts practitioners, policy-makers and development …

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1061 Views
8 Downloads

Water for People (2016)

Strengthening public sector enabling environments to support sanitation enterprises

Billions of people lack access to a decent toilet. Attempts to address this gap through direct-subsidy models have often been proven unsustainable as, given resource limitations, they are unable to provide desirable toilets that families are likely to use and maintain over time. Based on private sector success in low-income markets, business-based approaches may be able to help bridge this gap …

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1351 Views
108 Downloads

Furlong, C. (2016)

SFD Report - Kisumu City, Kenya
SFD Promotion Initiative

Kisumu is the principal city of western Kenya and the third largest city in Kenya. It covers an approximate area of 297 km2 and sits on the shores of Lake Victoria. The city is divided into two topographical areas, the hilly north and the southern plain. The current population is estimated to be 419,072 and 60% of the population live in informal settlements. A majority of people in Kisumu use …

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1310 Views
12 Downloads

Myers, J., Pasteur, K., Cavill, S. (2016)

The Addis agreement: using CLTS in peri-urban and urban areas
CLTS knowledge hub learning paper

The CLTS Knowledge Hub at the Institute of Development Studies, with the help of Plan International Ethiopia, convened a three day workshop in Addis Ababa. The workshop titled ‘Using a CLTS approach in peri-urban and urban environments’ brought together people who had been involved in urban CLTS programmes to share their varied experiences and discuss what added value a CLTS approach can …

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1239 Views
18 Downloads

MoES, SAEMEO INNOTECH, GIZ (2016)

Scaling-up the Fit for School program
Sisattanak district experience

“The question now is not whether school health programs are necessary... but how they can be implemented at meaning scale. This is the challenge that we now face,” (Bundy, 2011, p. xiv). This quote reflects a key issue in the field of school health and WASH in Schools (WinS), especially in countries where resources are limited compared to the challenges in this field. Often good practices can …

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1452 Views
60 Downloads

Veses, O. et al. (2016)

SFD Report - Bure, Ethiopia
SFD Promotion Initiative

Bure is located 400 km north of the capital Addis Ababa and 148 km south west of Bahir Dar and is within the Amhara State, Western Gojjam Administrative Zone of Ethiopia. It has a total urban population of 27,386 people. The number of Open Defecation is only 2%. Nevertheless, none of the city's excreta is delivered to a treatment plant. Therefore, only 33% of the city's excreta is safely managed, …

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1431 Views
66 Downloads

Veses, O. et al. (2016)

SFD Report - Bishoftu, Ethiopia
SFD Promotion Initiative

Axum is located in the state of Oromia, Ethiopia, approximately 47 km south east of Addis Ababa. Its topography is undulating and characterized by flat land on the north and east parts of the city, locked by several lakes, while the south is dominated by hills (BCP, 2015). The geographical area of the city is about 15,273 ha, and it lies at an altitude in the range of 1900 m. to 1995 m. The …

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