Sanitation Library

total results: 2324

Filter by region or countries

world map Latin America and the Caribbean Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia Asia and the Pacific Middle East and North Africa Sub-Saharan Africa North America

Filter by setting or users

Filter by working group

Filter by treatment technology or system

Filter by materials to be reused

Filter by language

Filter by audience

Filter by type of resource

Filter by publisher

Filter by recommendation



Barrington, D.J., Bartram, J., Meo, S., Saunders, S.G., Shields, K.F., Sridharan, S, and Souter, R.T. (2017)

Fostering water, sanitation and hygiene (WaSH) marketing exchanges using participatory processes:
A guide for working with residents of informal settlements in the Pacific

Through working with community members of informal settlements and a range of enabling actors, from communities, government businesses, civil society organisations, the authors were able to describe the features of a WaSH marketing exchange system that supports sustainable and inclusive wash. This guide provides practical information about how such a marketing exchange system can be fostered.

read more & download …



Hall, N., Barbosa, M.C., Currie, D., Dean, A.J., Head, B., Hill, P.S., Naylor, S., Reid, S., Selvey, L., and Willis, J. (2017)

Water, sanitation and hygiene in remote Indigenous Australia
A scan of priorities

This discussion paper presents a scan of the current status of water, sanitation, and hygiene services and challenges in remote Australian Indigenous communities. It was conducted to make explicit the challenges requiring attention and to propose questions to stimulate discussion as to how various stakeholders can respond to these challenges. it was guided by examples of initiatives that have …

read more & download …



Gilmont, M., Rayner, S., Harper, E., Nassar, L., Tal, N., Simpson, M., Salem, H. (2017)

Decoupling National Water Needs For National Water Supplies
Insights and Potential for Countries in the Jordan Basin

This report analyses and compares the water allocation and management experience of Jordan, Palestine and Israel using the lens of economic and resource decoupling to highlight past trends and future potential for jurisdictions in the region to circumvent limits on natural water resources. Like most Middle East economies, Jordan and Palestine face extreme water scarcity and potential food …

read more & download …



Jacob, N. (2017)

Case studies are Signposts for Recognition and Encouragement
A Thematic Discussion Series hosted by the SuSanA India Chapter and India Sanitation Coalition

Case studies are an important tool of qualitative research but need to be prepared and used with care. This thematic discussion examines what constitutes a case study, how they can be collected, validated and distributed, and how they can help scale up projects.

read more & download …



World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) (2017)

Progress on Drinking Water, Sanitation and Hygiene
2017 Update and SDG Baselines

The WHO/UNICEF JMP has published its first report of the SDG period, Progress on drinking water, sanitation and hygiene: 2017 update and SDG baselines. The report introduces and defines the new indicators of safely managed drinking water and sanitation services. Estimates of safely managed drinking water services, the indicator for SDG target 6.1, are presented for 96 countries, while estimates …

read more & download …



Mumssen, Y. U., and Thelma T, eds., with support from Norhan Sadik and Ali Dirioz. (2017)

Status of Water Sector Regulation in the Middle East and North Africa

This report is part of a wider World Bank initiative to provide government officials and other stakeholders in the Middle East and North Africa—including civil society, service providers, potential financiers, and development practitioners—with the resources to better understand current conditions and consider approaches to regulating WSS, taking into account the benefits that could result …

read more & download …



Kampala Capital City Authority (2017)

Minimum Standards for Onsite Sanitation Technology Options in Kampala

KCCA’s current drive towards improving faecal sludge management in Kampala is cognisant of the city sanitation challenges and significant contribution of sanitation to economic and social development of the country and thus its citizens. The Authority and its divisions have an intermediary function for the coordination of sanitation planning and the harmonisation with urban development …

read more & download …



Kampala Capital City Authority (2017)

Behaviour Change Communication
Kampala Faecal Sludge Management Program

Guiding document for Landlords, Tenants, and Local Leaders on Safe Pit Emptying, Improved Emptiable Toilets, and Toilet Hygiene.

read more & download …



Kampala Capital City Authority (2017)

Community Sanitation Sensitisation
Field Officer Information Toolkit

Toolkit on sensitising the community on safe management of faecal waste.

read more & download …



Beukes, L., Naidoo,D. (2015)

Understanding and addressing the exposure of workers, the public and the environment to pathogens during pit emptying
Water Research Commission Project 2134

On-site sanitation is a desirable option in many contexts and various on-site technologies have been rolled out in South Africa, as well as other countries, as a basic standard of adequate sanitation. Most on-site sanitation
systems accumulate sludge in a collection chamber which eventually becomes full and needs to be
emptied; the system can then be recommissioned for another cycle of use. If, …

read more & download …



World Health Organisation (2017)

Water, sanitation and hygiene to combat neglected tropical diseases
Initial lessons from project implementation

Water, sanitation and hygiene are essential for preventing and managing diseases including neglected tropical diseases which affect over 1 billion people among the poorest communities. Closer coordination of WASH and NTD programmes is needed to ensure WASH services are reaching the most vulnerable populations. Many WASH and NTD actors have started to work together on the planning and …

read more & download …



World Health Organisation (2015)

Water sanitation and hygiene for accelerating and sustaining progress on neglected tropical diseases
A global strategy 2015-2020

Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) are critical in the prevention and care for all of the 17 neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) scheduled for intensified control or elimination by 2020.

Provision of safe water, sanitation and hygiene is one of the five key interventions within the global NTD roadmap. Yet to date, the WASH component of the strategy has received little attention and the …

read more & download …



Various authors (2017)

19th SanCoP meeting on Container Based Sanitation

The meeting's focus was to develop a shared understanding of the Container Based Sanitation (CBS) industry, to consider the use of Sanitation Safety Planning (SSP) to improve health outcomes, and to generate discussion and knowledge sharing to improve risk management in CBS.

read more & download …



WSUP / Light Castle Partners (2016)

Local Business Development Support for Introducing Privatized Emptying Services to the Chittagong Market

WSUP’s (Water and Sanitation for the Urban Poor) project of “introducing privatized emptying services in Chittagong” is a scale-up of their previous project of public-private partnership for septic tank emptying services that began operations in Dhaka almost a year ago. The scale-up in Chittagong is targeting the procurement and implementation of two exhausting trucks via a sustainable …

read more & download …





Lerebours, A. (2016)

Governance of Water and Sanitation
As applied to humanitarian and development projects

This manual sets out to summarise Action contre la Faim’s experience of water and sanitation governance, aided by invaluable contributions from a steering committee of governance experts. It was funded by the Action contre la Faim research foundation.

read more & download …



Chitty, A., Esteves Mills, J. (2015)

WASH and Maternal and Newborn Health: Time to Act - Policy Brief

This policy brief documents the state of the evidence on how poor WASH impacts MNH and summarises SHARE's contribution to our understanding. It also highlights opportunities for future research and offers insights that could influence policy and improve programming in both sectors globally. In doing so, it offers a powerful argument in favour of using WASH to support efforts on MNH to leverage …

read more & download …



Gautam, O.P., EstevesMills, J., Chitty, A., Curtis, V. (2016)

Complementary Food Hygiene Policy Brief
An Overlooked Opportunity in the WASH, Nutrition and Health Sectors

This policy brief highlights the often overlooked opportunity that addressing complementary food hygiene offers the WASH, nutrition and health sectors for improving health outcomes. It outlines SHARE's contribution to narrowing the evidence gap concerning the relationship between food hygiene and child health, indicates opportunities for future research, and offers insights that could influence …

read more & download …



Chitty, A., Roma, E., Durrans, S. (2016)

Process Evaluation of Tanzania’s National Sanitation Campaign Policy Brief

This policy brief summarises the process evaluation of Tanzania's National Sanitation Campaign (NSC). It highlights the key findings and proposes several recommendations for maximising the NSC’s effectiveness.

read more & download …



Balls, E. (2017)

Menstrual Hygiene Management Policy Brief

This policy brief summarises previous research on MHM and highlights the SHARE Consortium’s contribution to this important topic. It then defines knowledge gaps which still exist and sets out clear recommendations for improving policy and programmes globally.

read more & download …



Durrans, S. (2017)

Microfinance for Sanitation Policy Brief

This policy brief highlights the SHARE Consortium’s contribution to the knowledge base on microfinance for sanitation. The brief defines sanitation microfinance and summarises research conducted in India and Tanzania. It then discusses the research gaps that still exist and provides recommendations for improving policies and programmes on microfinance for sanitation globally.

read more & download …



Chitty, A., Wilson-Jones, M., Jones, D. (2016)

The Missing Ingredients
Are Policy-Makers Doing Enough on Water, Sanitation and Hygiene to End Malnutrition?

This report, conducted by SHARE and WaterAid, highlights why water, sanitation and hygiene are essential for nutrition. Through an analysis of national nutrition plans and policies in 13 countries, the research highlights the extent to which WASH is embedded at policy level and where and how improvements must be made.

read more & download …





Owako, E., Kanga, S. (2017)

Legislative and Institutional Summary of Sanitation in Kisumu, Kenya

The purpose of this study exercise is to identify and summarise the current national and county level sanitation situation in Kenya. This document will inform WSUP’s ongoing work in cities such as Kisumu, and will be used a basis for further analysis of Kenya’s sanitation legislation and institutional responsibilities and mandates.

read more & download …



Mills, J. E., Cumming, O. (2016)

The Impact of WASH on Key Health & Social Outcomes
Review of Evidence

This evidence paper looks at 10 areas identified collaboratively with the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) on which WASH can plausibly have a strong impact: diarrhoea, nutrition, complementary food hygiene, female psychosocial stress, violence, maternal and newborn health, menstrual hygiene management, school attendance, oral vaccine performance, and neglected tropical diseases.

read more & download …

Share this page on    

Follow us on    

SuSanA Partners currently 312 partners

Sanitation events

SuSanA newsmail

Stay informed about the activities of SuSanA and its partners. The SuSanA news mail is sent out around four times per year and contains information about news, events, new partners, projects, discussions and publications of the SuSanA network.

SuSanA partners are welcome to send us news items for inclusion in the SuSanA news mails.

Archived news »

Latest tweets mentioning SuSanA

Tweets mentioning SuSanA »

What's new? Recording from last SuSanA meeting available

The last SuSanA meeting (the 24th one!) took place in Stockholm, Sweden on Saturday 26 August 2017 prior to the Stockholm World Water Week. 

The meeting had a live stream for everyone to attend remotely.

View recording and presentations »





Resources and publications

Our library has more than 2300 publications, factsheets, presentations, drawings etc. from many different organisations. It continues to grow thanks to the contributions from our partners.

Add item to library »

The three links below take you to special groups of items in the library for more convenient access:


The project database contains nearly 400 sanitation projects of many different organizations dealing with research, implementation, advocacy, capacity development etc. Advanced filtering functions and a global map are also available. Information on how and why this database was created is here.

People working for SuSanA partners can add their own projects through their partner profile page. You might need your SuSanA login upgraded for this purpose. Please contact us if you would like to add a project.

Trainings, conference and events materials

Missed important sanitation events? Catch up with their materials kindly provided by SuSanA partners.

Regional chapters

Use the map or the search tool to access the most relevant information and knowledge products for your region or country. This includes relevant resources, events, partners or projects.

Shit flow diagrams (SFDs), excreta flow diagrams

Shit flow diagrams (SFDs) help to visualize excreta management in urban settings. Access SFDs and more through the SFD Portal.




Discussion forum

Share knowledge, exchange experiences, discuss challenges, make announcements, ask questions and more. Hint: Your discussion forum login is the same as your SuSanA login. More about the forum's philosophy »

Integrated content

We are hosting content from some other communities of practice and information-sharing portals. This section also provides a link to SuSanA's Sanitation Wikipedia initiative.

Suggest content to add »

SuSanA partners

Learn more about current SuSanA partners, and sign up to become a partner organization (if your organization is eligible). This way you can show your support for SuSanA's vision and mission and fully utilise the platform's functionalities. See FAQs for more details.

Apply to become a partner »

SuSanA meetings

Individual membership

Register as an individual member of SuSanA free of charge. As a member you can interact with thousands of sanitation enthusiasts on the discussion forum.  You can also get engaged in one of our 13 working groups. Our FAQs explain the benefits further.

By getting a SuSanA login you can fully participate in the SuSanA community!

Register as a member


Forgot your password?




We got more than just a new look!

Welcome to the new website of

On 1 September we relaunched our website, using a new menu concept to improve the user experience. However, some functions are not working yet but we are working on those now. If you have any comments or suggestions please post them here on the SuSanA discussion forum. Thank you.

  beta version