Faecal Sludge Management Workshop

Published in: 2016

CAWST, Eawag-Sandec

This collection contains the resources for both trainers and participants for CAWST and Eawag-Sandec's Introduction to Faecal Sludge Management workshop. This is a two-three day introductory workshop on FSM designed for various sanitation stakeholders. In this workshop, participants will learn about faecal sludge management for low-income communities not connected to a sewer. The workshop provides participants with an overview of technologies for faecal sludge collection, transportation, treatment, and use. It also introduces planning and management of faecal sludge management systems.


Content - Summary

The overall goal for this workshop is for participants to be able to apply concepts of sustainable faecal sludge management at a community or city-wide scale. Upon completion of the workshop, participants will be able to:

• Discuss the importance of faecal sludge management to protect public health and the environment
• Describe faecal sludge management in relation to the entire sanitation service chain
• Describe the design approach for the sanitation service chain
• Identify different faecal sludge collection and transportation technologies
• Identify different faecal sludge treatment technologies
• Identify different options for the safe use or disposal of faecal sludge treatment products
• Identify common faecal sludge management implementation challenges and discuss solutions
• Discuss a planning approach for faecal sludge management
• Establish a network of contacts with other faecal sludge management practitioners

The following is a tentative list of the topics covered in the workshop material. A specific agenda will be developed for the training based on consultations with the organizer and participants.


• Characteristics of excreta and faecal sludge, and the difference between faecal sludge and wastewater characteristics
• Global and local faecal sludge management issues
• Risks of faecal sludge management in relation to public health and the multi-barrier approach
• Faecal sludge management in relation to the entire sanitation service chain
• Design approach to arrive at a sustainable faecal sludge management solution
• Different manual and mechanized methods to collect faecal sludge from on-site sanitation technologies and transport the faecal sludge for treatment
• Faecal sludge treatment objectives and technologies
• Common operation and maintenance challenges of faecal sludge treatment facilities
• Value of using faecal sludge treatment products
• Stakeholder analysis and engagement as a critical part of faecal sludge management
• Financial transfers and flow models for faecal sludge management
• Legal frameworks for faecal sludge management
• Integrated planning process for faecal sludge management
• Incremental improvement plans to reduce faecal transmission routes and implement a sanitation service chain

• Identifying solutions to real life case studies
• Developing an incremental improvement plan for different scenarios
• Planning actions and next steps for after the workshop
• Participating in a field trip to visit local faecal sludge management technologies and systems (optional)

Note: The following topics are outside the scope of this workshop:

• Design and construction of on-site sanitation technologies, like pit latrines or septic tanks. For more information on this topic, see CAWST’s workshop on Latrine Design and Construction at: www.cawst.org/services/training
• Wastewater transported by a sewered system

Bibliographic information

CAWST, Eawag-Sandec (2016). Faecal Sludge Management Workshop.

Information on external sites

 FSM workshop on WASH resources

 CAWST FSM Training Materials in SuSanA Training Materials Section