Inventory for Formal and Informal Faecal Sludge Emptiers and the Resource Recovery and Reuse (RRR) Private Sector in Kampala

Musabe, K. (2015)

Published in: 2015
Pages: 60

Kampala Capital City Authority

Musabe, K.

In Kampala, about 90% of the people rely on on-site sanitation solutions, which cannot be considered “improved” or “acceptable” in most cases: too many households share one toilet; pit-latrines are unlined, filled with solid wastes, and hard to access for emptying services, ultimately leading to filled-up facilities that are either abandoned or directly emptied into the environment, posing health and environmental risks for the city and its people. It is estimated that 900m3 of faecal sludge (FS) is generated in Kampala every day, whereas only 390m3 are collected, representing a collection rate of 43% (KCCA/BMGF, 2014).

The GIZ Reform of the Urban Water and Sanitation Sector (RUWASS) Programme has a strong focus on supporting private sector engagement in the urban sanitation sector while at the same time strengthening the regulatory framework and governing institutions such as Kampala Capital City Authority (KCCA). The interventions towards improved sanitation in Kampala also draw on the results of the Resource Recovery & Safe Reuse (RRR) Project Phase I, funded by the Swiss Development Cooperation (SDC) between 2011 and 2014.

Phase II of the RRR Project is based on a co-funding agreement between SDC and the German Government (German Development Cooperation, GDC), implemented by GIZ RUWASS. It will involve piloting of different sanitation interventions by KCCA over the period of May 2016 to May 2017 in five pre-selected parishes in Kampala.

The specific objective of this assignment was to develop an Inventory of Faecal Sludge Emptiers and Resource Recovery and Reuse (RRR) Practitioners (both formal and informal) in Kampala in order to establish an overview of the current private sector set-up. The methodology for executing the assignment involved a literature review, stakeholder consultations with key institutions such as KCCA, National Water and Sewerage Corporation (NWSC) and National Environment Management Authority (NEMA). Interviews were also held with 7 private cesspool providers, 4 Gulper operators1 who own tricycles, 4 manual emptiers and 2 RRR entrepreneurs.This was followed by data analysis and report writing.

Bibliographic information

Musabe, K. (2015). Inventory for Formal and Informal Faecal Sludge Emptiers and the Resource Recovery and Reuse (RRR) Private Sector in Kampala. Kampala Capital City Authority


Inventory for Formal and Informal Faecal Sludge Emptiers and the Resource Recovery and Reuse (RRR) Private Sector in Kampala

Format: pdf - file size: 4.27 MB

Follow us on    

SuSanA Partners currently 312 partners

SuSanA Newsmail

Stay informed about the activities of SuSanA and its partners. The SuSanA news mail is sent out around four times per year and contains information about news, events, new partners, projects, discussions and publications of the SuSanA network.

SuSanA partners are welcome to send us news items for inclusion in the SuSanA news mails.

Archived news »

24thSuSanA meeting

The 24th SuSanA meeting will take place in Stockholm, Sweden on Saturday 26 August 2017 prior to the Stockholm World Water Week. It is organised by the SuSanA Secretariat together with SEI.

The 24th SuSanA meeting will take place on 26 August 2017 (Saturday, full day) at the SEI headquarter in Stockholm: Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI) Linnégatan 87D, 115 23 Stockholm, Sweden

It is intended to have a live stream of the meeting for the members of the SuSanA community who are unable to attend.

more information »




Resources & publications

Our library has more than 2300 publications, factsheets, presentations, drawings etc. from many different organisations. It continues to grow thanks to the contributions from our partners. Further types of resources are available below.

Add item to library »


The project database contains nearly 400 sanitation projects of many different organizations dealing with research, implementation, advocacy, upscaling, capacity development etc. Advanced filtering and search functions as well as a global map allow you to find exactly what you are looking for. Read more »

Add your project »

Trainings, conference and events materials

Missed out on important sanitation events? Keep yourself informed by browsing through these materials kindly made available by SuSanA partners.

Regional Chapters

SuSanA provides you with various knowledge products suited to your region or country. Click on a region or look up a specific country below to see a relevant resources, upcoming events, partner organisations or projects.

Shit flow diagrams (SFDs), excreta flow diagrams

SFDs are a way of visualising excreta management in cities and towns, with a promise to improve the understanding of urban sanitation. Several SuSanA partners are part of the "SFD Promotion Initiative".




Discussion Forum

The SuSanA Discussion Forum is the place where we talk to other SuSanA members, share knowledge, exchange experiences, discuss challenges, make announcements, ask questions etc. Your SuSanA login is the same as your Forum login. Read more »

Get your login »

SuSanA Meetings

SuSanA Partners

Partner organisations of SuSanA get connected with other organisations concerned with sustainable sanitation all over the world.
Through this networking, they stay updated with all the news in the sustainable sanitation field. Get more information »

Apply to become a partner »

Integrated Content

The SuSanA website is also hosting content from other communities of practice and information-sharing portals.

Suggest your content to be added »

Individual Membership

Register yourself as an individual member of SuSanA. This membership is free of charge. Being a member will keep you informed about news, events, updates, publications and jobs. Find out more »

Join the community


Forgot your password?




We have 13 thematic working groups which cover a variety of different sanitation aspects. They provide outputs that investigate the problems and opportunities. By joining a working group you can jointly work with other SuSanA members experts on these issues and promote sustainable sanitation.

You can also be active by hosting SuSanA meetings or by organising a working group meeting or taking part in discussions on the discussion forum.

If you would like to join a working group, you need to register as a member and then choose the working groups you wish to join. If you are already a SuSanA member, but wish to change working groups, you can change your details by clicking on the link below.

Join or change a working group »




We got more than just a new look!

Welcome to the new website of

On 1 September we relaunched our website, using a new menu concept to improve the user experience. However, some functions are not working yet but we are working on those now. If you have any comments or suggestions please post them here on the SuSanA discussion forum. Thank you.

  beta version