In emergency situations following natural or man-made disasters, access to safe water supply and sanitation is of crucial importance for the health of the affected population: People who are affected by disasters and are living in overcrowded relief camps or disaster areas can easily get infected by serious diseases as a result of lacking sanitation or unhygienic conditions. In many cases, pit latrines are then built in a rush, even though those areas may be located in flood-prone areas or areas where the groundwater table is high and the soil is not suitable for the given population density. These difficulties require appropriate planning, design, construction and management of sustainable sanitation in emergency and reconstruction situations.
The objective of this working group is to combine the knowledge from experts in the fields of sanitation with the knowledge from experts in the field of emergency response and reconstruction. The working group has compiled best practice examples of sustainable sanitation options in a factsheet "Sustainable sanitation for emergencies and reconstruction situations