Sanitation Library

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White, S., et al. (2016)

A Qualitative Study of Barriers to Accessing Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for Disabled People in Malawi

Globally, millions of people lack access to improved water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH). Disabled people, disadvantaged both physically and socially, are likely to be among those facing the greatest inequities in WASH access. This study explores the WASH priorities of disabled people and uses the social model of disability and the World Health Organization’s International Classification of …

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Dodos, J. (2017)

WASH’ Nutrition (English/French)
A practical guidebook on increasing nutritional impact through integration of WASH and Nutrition programmes

The guidebook on how to increase nutritional impact through integration of WASH and Nutrition programmes is an operational guidebook which demonstrates the importance of both supplementing nutrition programmes with WASH activities and adapting WASH interventions to include nutritional considerations i.e. making them more nutrition-sensitive and impactful on nutrition. It has been developed to …

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SuSanA (2017)

Contribution of sustainable sanitation to the Agenda 2030 for sustainable development
SuSanA Vision Document 2017

The Sustainable Sanitation Alliance (SuSanA) was formed in 2007 with the aim of promoting and lobbying for sustainability in sanitation in the context of the Millennium Development Goals. Over the last 10 years SuSanA has made a significant contribution to sector development, with sector actors now focussing increasingly on the sustainability of sanitation services in a variety of ways. …

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Walther, D., et al. (2016)

Local and innovative waste water solution
The case of Kochi

This project description summarises the steps towards an energy and resource-efficient wastewater and septage management system in Kochi.
It is a project coordinated by the Support to National Urban Sanitation Policy project of GIZ India.

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Andersson, K., Dickin, S., Rosemarin, A. (2016)

Towards “Sustainable” Sanitation: Challenges and Opportunities in Urban Areas

While sanitation is fundamental for health and wellbeing, cities of all sizes face growing challenges in providing safe, affordable and functional sanitation systems that are also sustainable. Factors such as limited political will, inadequate technical, financial and institutional capacities and failure to integrate safe sanitation systems into broader urban development have led to a persistence …

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Parkinson, J., Lüthi, C., Walther, D. (2014)

Sanitation 21
A Planning Framework for Improving City-wide Sanitation Services

Sanitation21 is an important component of the global sanitation toolkit, which presents a planning framework based on international best practices. Initially developed in 2006, this updated version builds on recent experiences where good planning has formed an integral part of achieving improvements in urban sanitation.
In the context of this document, planning is essentially about responding to …

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Ministry of Urban Development (Government of India) (2014)

National Urban Sanitation Policy

This publication summarizes the background, vision and sanitation policy issues in India that are adressed with the National Urban Sanitation Policy by the Ministry of Urban Development. It also provides draft frameworks, e.g. for City Sanitation Plans or developing state sanitation strategies.

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Walther, D. et al. (2014)

Support to the National Urban Sanitation Policy (SNUSP II) Factsheet

This factsheet provides an overview of the SNUSP Project objectives, approach and achievements.

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Jacob, N., von Falkenhausen, A., Bauer, M. (2017)

Corporate Engagement in Sanitation
Synthesis Document - SuSanA Indian Chapter online discussion

Under the umbrella of the SuSanA Indian Chapter, the India Sanitation Coalition in partnership with SuSanA, held a four-week thematic discussion on exploring opportunities and challenges of corporate engagement in sanitation. This synthesis is a summary of all topics discussed in the forum about corporate engagement.
The discussion not only focussed on corporate engage-ment via Corporate Social …

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Walther, D. et al. (2015)

Introducing City Sanitation Plan
Trainer's Manual

Ensuring citywide sanitation is challenging and needs strategic planning as well as involvement of various actors /agencies, such as decision makers at state and city level, city engineers and technical experts in areas of urban planning, sanitation, technical infrastructure and financing. One of the main requirements in establishing a citywide sanitation system on the ground is strong …

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Walther, D. et al. (2016)

Preparing City Sanitation Plan
Trainer's Manual

This training programme is a unique blend of training courses for participants coupled with additional handholding support through various mechanisms in a step-wise manner. This is a distinguishing feature from other stand-alone training programmes and ensures that the participants are themselves capacitated through the training. Handholding support leads to transfer of knowledge on the ground …

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Nandan, V., Dua, S. (2014)

Enabling Systems for Improved Municipal Solid Waste Management in Cities
Making way for a clean and healthy India

This factsheet was published by the Support to National Urban Sanitation Policy-Project by GIZ India to give an overview of ways that this project apporaches to manage Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) in urban areas.

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Hall, N. et al. (2016)

Strengthening community participation in meeting UN Sustainable Development Goal 6 for water, sanitation and hygiene
Discussion Paper No.3

Countries have much work to do to achieve the UN Sustainable Development Goals by 2030. But development projects don’t always go the way you expect. A resettlement project in Laos recently provided taps and toilets as a way to improve hygiene and health outcomes for communities. But on revisiting the resettled village, the project team was dismayed to find that the new brick toilet facilities …

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Hall, N. et al. (2016)

Achieving the UN Sustainable Developement Goals for water and beyond
Discussion Paper No.2

This transdisciplinary discussion paper, from 13 researchers across seven schools at The University of Queensland, considers Australia’s efforts to achieve the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals in Australia and within the broader Asia-Pacific region. It focuses particularly on those SDGs that are concerned with water, and it challenges the current steps being undertaken towards …

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Hall, N. et al. (2016)

The UN Sustainable Development Goals for water and sanitation - How should Australia respond within and beyond its borders?
Discussion Paper No.1

Australia is positioned next to south-east Asia, where one billion people lack access to adequate sanitation facilities. Only half the population in the Pacific Island countries have access to such facilities, while poor hygiene and unsanitary living conditions have contributed to children in remote Australian Aboriginal communities experiencing a higher rate of common infectious diseases than in …

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Stockholm International Water Institute (2016)

City-wide sanitation: The role of planning
Policy brief

In 2016 the World Water Week (WWW) brought together leading experts from around the world to discuss and share the latest experiences on planning urban sanitation in two sessions convened by WaterAid, UNDP-SIWI Water Governance Facility, GIZ, SuSanA, and the World Bank. This policy brief synthesises the key lessons and recommendations that grew out of that encounter, calling for more flexible and …

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De Albuquerque, C. (2014)

Realising the human rights to water and sanitation: A handbook

A product of six years of work, the goal of the handbook is to explain the meaning and legal obligations of these rights and to translate complex technical and legal language into accessible information. Designed for a broad audiences in the Global South and North, the information should be useful to civil society sanitation advocates, human right organizations, national and local offcials, …

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SuSanA (2016)

SuSanA - Thematic Discussion Series synthesis template

This is the template for SuSanA Thematic Discussion Series syntheses in a Word format. Please use this format if you wish to prepare a new SuSanA synthesis.

If you have any questions please E-Mail the secretariat:

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Monse, B. et al. (2016)

Localized school-based feeding concept
in the autonomous region of Muslim

Making schools healthy environments requires a holistic approach that should combine various interventions to ensure that children are fit for school. However, these interventions must be simple, scalable, sustainable, and integrated into existing systems to ensure that they can be feasibly implemented by school communities with limited resources. Increasing its usefulness could only be possible …

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Toilet Board Coalition Secretariat (2016)

The digitalisation of sanitation
Transformation to smart, scalable and aspirational sanitation for all

In 2016 the Toilet Board Coalition ran a Feasibility Study to explore the potential role of mobile and digital applications to drive efficiencies and consumer demand in sanitation business models operating in low income markets. The following questions were at the centre of our inquiry:

• How are sanitation businesses operating in low-income markets using mobile and digital applications in …

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GTO (2016)

WASH ePaper
Issue No.6

The WASH ePaper is an online magazine published at regular intervals in German, English, French and Spanish. Each issue takes a closer look at a current key issue in the water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) sector and related areas. It also provides updates on forthcoming national and international events, highlights current publications and projects, and reports on news from the sector. The WASH …

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Fernández-Martínes, L. (2016)

Using the Shit/Excreta Flow Diagrams (SFDs) for modelling future scenarios in Kumasi, Ghana
A research project submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of the degree of Master of Science of Loughborough University

The high population density of the cities does not allow families to safely abandon onsite sanitation facilities. This creates a need for a sanitation service chain to safely manage feacal waste. Hence, Shit/Excreta Flow Diagrams (SFD) are being developed as an analysis tool, which illustrates excreta pathways along the sanitation service chain in a city. The main objective of this study is to …

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Hague, J. (2016)

Sanitation in the circular economy
Transformation to a commercially valuable, self-sustaining, biological system

In 2016 the Toilet Board Coalition ran a feasibility study to explore the potential role of sanitation in the circular economy. The following questions were at the centre of our inquiry:

• Are there products or materials of value being upcycled from toilet resources?

• Are there scalable business models to deliver sustainable supply of these products to the market?

• Is there …

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Hynes, P. (2016)

Thematic Discussion: Integrating sectors to address the holistic needs of children
Thematic Discussion Series Synthesis

The new era of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) has enhanced the conversation around the need for partnerships (SDG 17) and has accelerated a conversation about how organisations should best work together. The success of each SDG is linked to the progress of all the other Goals, especially when we consider the most vulnerable, such as children in their first 1,000 days of life. A …

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Mason, N., Matoso, M., Hueso, A., (2016)

Beyond political commitment to sanitation
Navigating incentives for prioritisation and course correction in Ethiopia, India and Indonesia

A growing number of countries are showing commitment on sanitation at the highest levels of government. However, to turn this commitment into action, it is necessary to permeate the prioritisation of sanitation throughout the government machinery and to ensure course correction, adapting policy to the blockages and emerging implementation challenges. This research explores these processes in …

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SuSanA Partners currently 319 partners

Sanitation events

SuSanA newsmail

Stay informed about the activities of SuSanA and its partners. The SuSanA news mail is sent out around four times per year and contains information about news, events, new partners, projects, discussions and publications of the SuSanA network.

SuSanA partners are welcome to send us news items for inclusion in the SuSanA news mails.

Archived news »

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Tweets mentioning SuSanA »

What's new? We have a Wikipedia Drive for World Toilet Day!

Wikipedia is one of the key global channels for disseminating information about sanitation – so SuSanA is now organizing a major upgrade of the relevant pages. Are you a creative writer, journalist, editor or sanitation expert? Join this important crowd-sourcing event ahead of World Toilet Day (19 November).

More information in press release by SEI »





Resources and publications

Our library has more than 2300 publications, factsheets, presentations, drawings etc. from many different organisations. It continues to grow thanks to the contributions from our partners.

Add item to library »

The three links below take you to special groups of items in the library for more convenient access:


The project database contains nearly 400 sanitation projects of many different organizations dealing with research, implementation, advocacy, capacity development etc. Advanced filtering functions and a global map are also available. Information on how and why this database was created is here.

People working for SuSanA partners can add their own projects through their partner profile page. You might need your SuSanA login upgraded for this purpose. Please contact us if you would like to add a project.

Trainings, conference and events materials

Missed important conferences or courses? Catch up by using their materials for self study. These materials have been kindly provided by SuSanA partners.

Regional chapters

Use the map or the search tool to access the most relevant information and knowledge products for your region or country. This includes relevant resources, events, partners or projects.

Shit flow diagrams (SFDs), excreta flow diagrams

Shit flow diagrams (SFDs) help to visualize excreta management in urban settings. Access SFDs and more through the SFD Portal.




Discussion forum

Share knowledge, exchange experiences, discuss challenges, make announcements, ask questions and more. Hint: Your discussion forum login is the same as your SuSanA login. More about the forum's philosophy »

Integrated content

We are hosting content from some other communities of practice and information-sharing portals. This section also provides a link to SuSanA's Sanitation Wikipedia initiative.

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SuSanA partners

Learn more about current SuSanA partners, and sign up to become a partner organisation (if your organisation is eligible). This way you can show your support for SuSanA's vision and fully utilise the platform's functionalities. See FAQs for more details.

Apply to become a partner »

SuSanA meetings

Individual membership

Register as an individual member of SuSanA free of charge. As a member you can interact with thousands of sanitation enthusiasts on the discussion forum.  You can also get engaged in one of our 13 working groups and our regional chapters. Our FAQs explain the benefits further.

By getting a SuSanA login you can fully participate in the SuSanA community!

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