Durrans, S., Jones, D., Pando, N.U., Wilson-Jones, M. (2017)
In this report the authors analyse the approaches governments and donors are taking to cross-integrate nutrition and water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) within their nutrition and WASH national policies and plans. The report aims to provide a ‘recipe’, or toolkit, to stimulate debate and discussion of the options and opportunities to bring together WASH and nutrition policies and programmes.
Kampala Capital City Authority (2017)
Guiding document for Landlords, Tenants, and Local Leaders on Safe Pit Emptying, Improved Emptiable Toilets, and Toilet Hygiene.
World Health Organisation (2017)
Water, sanitation and hygiene are essential for preventing and managing diseases including neglected tropical diseases which affect over 1 billion people among the poorest communities. Closer coordination of WASH and NTD programmes is needed to ensure WASH services are reaching the most vulnerable populations. Many WASH and NTD actors have started to work together on the planning and …
World Health Organisation (2015)
Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) are critical in the prevention and care for all of the 17 neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) scheduled for intensified control or elimination by 2020.
Provision of safe water, sanitation and hygiene is one of the five key interventions within the global NTD roadmap. Yet to date, the WASH component of the strategy has received little attention and the …
Gautam, O.P., EstevesMills, J., Chitty, A., Curtis, V. (2016)
This policy brief highlights the often overlooked opportunity that addressing complementary food hygiene offers the WASH, nutrition and health sectors for improving health outcomes. It outlines SHARE's contribution to narrowing the evidence gap concerning the relationship between food hygiene and child health, indicates opportunities for future research, and offers insights that could influence …
Chitty, A., Wilson-Jones, M., Jones, D. (2016)
This report, conducted by SHARE and WaterAid, highlights why water, sanitation and hygiene are essential for nutrition. Through an analysis of national nutrition plans and policies in 13 countries, the research highlights the extent to which WASH is embedded at policy level and where and how improvements must be made.
Gautam, O. P., et.al. (2017)
Heijnen, M., Greenland, K. (2015)
Evidence on Demand was requested by DFID to undertake a rapid desk-based study to assess the level of change in handwashing with soap that could be expected from a successful hygiene promotion intervention in a low or middle-income country setting. As part of this task, a summary of factors that may influence intervention outcomes and
sustainability is provided.
Gautam, O. P., et.al. (2015)
Aunger, R., Curtis, V. (2016)
Biran, A., et.al. (2009)
Objective: To investigate the effectiveness of a hygiene promotion intervention based on germ awareness in increasing handwashing with soap on key occasions (after faecal contact and before eating) in rural Indian households.
Luby, S. P., et.al. (2005)
More than 3·5 million children aged less than 5 years die from diarrhoea and acute lower respiratory-tract infection every year. A randomised controlled trial had been undertaken to assess the effect of handwashing promotion with soap on the incidence of acute respiratory infection, impetigo, and diarrhoea.
Biran, A., et.al. (2014)
Diarrhoea and respiratory infections are the two biggest causes of child death globally. Handwashing with soap could substantially reduce diarrhoea and respiratory infections, but prevalence of adequate handwashing is low. Through this research it was tested whether a scalable village-level intervention based on emotional drivers of behaviour, rather than knowledge, could improve handwashing …
Abdi, R., Gautam, O.P. (2016)
This paper seeks to improve understanding of approaches used to promote handwashing with soap, with a view to offering practical suggestions when selecting approaches.
Baschinger, J. et al. (2015)
Water, sanitation an Hygiene (WASH) conditions are playing a big role in our everyday live.
Having Information and knowledge as well as caring about hygiene can not only save lives and ensure better health but it could also help achieve educational, social and economic improvement.
As we see it, schools, being a place of knowledge, are in a good position to get a massage across about the …
UNICEF, GIZ (2016)
Handwashing with soap is among the most effective hygiene behaviours helping to prevent infectious diseases. The importance of daily group handwashing has been recognized and integrated into the UNICEF/GIZ Three Star Approach (TSA) to WASH in Schools (WinS), which has gained momentum around the world. With its focus o usable, cost-efficient and adequate infrastructure, the TSA provides a …
Maulit, J. A. (2014)
The Open Defecation Free (ODF) Malawi 2015 Strategy and National Hand Washing Campaign have been contributing to an increased focus on handwashing with soap (HWWS) in Malawi.1 This is a very positive development!
Some studies estimate that washing hands with soap can reduce diarrhoeal disease rates by up to 50 per cent and respiratory disease rates by up to 25 per cent. This makes handwashing …
Neal, D. et al. (2016)
In this working paper, we draw on basic scientific findings from psychology, cognitive science, and behavioral economics to propose a framework of 8 System 1 Principles to support the initiation and maintenance of OD behavior change. In doing so, we build from the general framework advanced in the World Bank Group’s (2015) World Development Report: Mind, Society, and Behavior, which emphasized …
Dreibelbis, R. et al. (2016)
Behavior change communication for improving handwashing with soap can be labor and resource intensive, yet quality results are difficult to achieve. Nudges are environmental cues engaging unconscious decision-making processes to prompt behavior change. In this proof-of-concept study, we developed an inexpensive set of nudges to encourage handwashing with soap after toilet use in two primary …
Luoto, J. E., Levine, D. I., Albert, J. (2011)
Convincing people to adopt preventive health behaviors consistently is difficult, yet many lives could be saved if we understood better how to do so. For example, low-cost point-of-use (POU) technologies such as chlorine and filters can substantially reduce diarrheal disease (Clasen et al. 2006). Nonetheless, they are not widely or consistently used anywhere in the developing world, even when …
Contzen, N., Mosler, H.-J. (2015)
These six fact sheets about methodologies deal with the RANAS (Risks, Attitudes, Norms, Abilities, and Self‐regulation) approach that is an often used method for designing and evaluating behavior change strategies. The factsheets contain a brief description of the approach ready to use for practitioners.
Mosler, H.-J. et al (2015)
Keatman, T. (2015)
The Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council Community of Practice on Sanitation and Hygiene in Developing Countries (WSSCC CoP) and the global Sustainable Sanitation Alliance (SuSanA) came together in late September 2015 to hold a joint three-week thematic discussion on sanitation and hygiene behaviour change programming and sustainability. It was the first time the two networks had …
Neal, D., Vujcic, J., Hernandez, O., Wood, W. (2015)
Handwashing with soap is a highly effective method for reducing the risk of diarrheal disease, yet interventions to alter this behavior often fail or achieve only short-term success. In this paper, we propose that the “science of habit” can partly explain the challenge of handwashing behavior change. Integrating basic science insights from psychology, cognitive science, and behavior change …
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