Effluent reuse from constructed wetland system Haran Al-Awamied, Syria - Case study of sustainable sanitation projects

Mohamed, A., Klingel, F., Bracken, P., Werner, C., von Münch, E., Ingle, R. (2009)

Published in: 2009

Publisher:
Sustainable Sanitation Alliance (SuSanA)

Author:
Mohamed, A., Klingel, F., Bracken, P., Werner, C., von Münch, E., Ingle, R.


9614 Views
199 Downloads

Content - Summary

This is a case study about a pilot project of a constructed wetland (reed bed system) for domestic wastewater treatment in a rural area, with reuse in agriculture in Syria. It was implemented by GTZ on behalf of the German Ministry BMZ. The aim is to test the suitability of constructed wetlands for the treatment of wastewater in Syria considering factors such as social acceptance, relevant legal aspects, operation and maintenance issues and financial sustainability.

In Syria, much of the water resources are used inefficiently and uneconomically. Agriculture currently uses around 87% of the available freshwater resources for irrigation, supplemented by the use of untreated wastewater, which leads to health hazards.

Construction began in April 1999, and the operation of the plant began 1.5 years later in November 2000. The design value for the wastewater treatment system was 7,000 people and 43 L per person per day, which is a rather low figure compared to more affluent populations. The treatment plant thus has a design capacity to treat 300 m³/d. However, the actual measured influent flowrate in 2009 was about 600 m3/d, due to population growth in the area. Thus, the plant is now overloaded, but appears to be functioning quite well (albeit at its limits, with some water-logging being evident).

The treated wastewater fulfills the irrigation water quality set by the Syrian Arab Organization for Standardization and Metrology (SASMO) which are based on the WHO standards, and were recently updated (in 2008).

Bibliographic information

Mohamed, A., Klingel, F., Bracken, P., Werner, C., von Münch, E., Ingle, R. (2009). Effluent reuse from constructed wetland system Haran Al-Awamied, Syria - Case study of sustainable sanitation projects. Sustainable Sanitation Alliance (SuSanA)

Download

Effluent reuse from constructed wetland system Haran Al-Awamied, Syria

Format: pdf file
Size: 0.94 MB

Share this page on    


Follow us on    

SuSanA Partners currently 312 partners

Sanitation events

SuSanA newsmail

Stay informed about the activities of SuSanA and its partners. The SuSanA news mail is sent out around four times per year and contains information about news, events, new partners, projects, discussions and publications of the SuSanA network.

SuSanA partners are welcome to send us news items for inclusion in the SuSanA news mails.

Archived news »

Latest tweets mentioning SuSanA

Tweets mentioning SuSanA »

What's new? Recording from last SuSanA meeting available

The last SuSanA meeting (the 24th one!) took place in Stockholm, Sweden on Saturday 26 August 2017 prior to the Stockholm World Water Week. 

The meeting had a live stream for everyone to attend remotely.

View recording and presentations »

Jobs

 


close  

 

Resources and publications

Our library has more than 2300 publications, factsheets, presentations, drawings etc. from many different organisations. It continues to grow thanks to the contributions from our partners.

Add item to library »

The three links below take you to special groups of items in the library for more convenient access:

Projects

The project database contains nearly 400 sanitation projects of many different organizations dealing with research, implementation, advocacy, capacity development etc. Advanced filtering functions and a global map are also available. Information on how and why this database was created is here.

People working for SuSanA partners can add their own projects through their partner profile page. You might need your SuSanA login upgraded for this purpose. Please contact us if you would like to add a project.


Trainings, conference and events materials

Missed important conferences or courses? Catch up by using their materials for self study. These materials have been kindly provided by SuSanA partners.

Regional chapters

Use the map or the search tool to access the most relevant information and knowledge products for your region or country. This includes relevant resources, events, partners or projects.

Shit flow diagrams (SFDs), excreta flow diagrams

Shit flow diagrams (SFDs) help to visualize excreta management in urban settings. Access SFDs and more through the SFD Portal.

 


close  

 

Discussion forum

Share knowledge, exchange experiences, discuss challenges, make announcements, ask questions and more. Hint: Your discussion forum login is the same as your SuSanA login. More about the forum's philosophy »


Integrated content

We are hosting content from some other communities of practice and information-sharing portals. This section also provides a link to SuSanA's Sanitation Wikipedia initiative.

Suggest content to add »

SuSanA partners

Learn more about current SuSanA partners, and sign up to become a partner organization (if your organization is eligible). This way you can show your support for SuSanA's vision and fully utilise the platform's functionalities. See FAQs for more details.

Apply to become a partner »


SuSanA meetings

Individual membership

Register as an individual member of SuSanA free of charge. As a member you can interact with thousands of sanitation enthusiasts on the discussion forum.  You can also get engaged in one of our 13 working groups. Our FAQs explain the benefits further.

By getting a SuSanA login you can fully participate in the SuSanA community!

Register as a member

Login


Forgot your password?

 


close