Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan Mission

For more information please visit the Swachh Bharat Urban and the Swachh Bharat Gramin website

According to Census 2011, India’s urban population is 377 million, 31% of the total population, with the expectation to increase to 600 million by 2031. The Census 2011 also showed that in 4,041 statutory towns, close to eight million households do not have access to toilets and defecate in the open (7.90 million). Weak sanitation has significant health costs and untreated sewage from cities is the single biggest source of water resource pollution in India. This indicates both the scale of the challenge ahead of the Indian cities and the huge costs incurred from not addressing them.

The president of India launched the Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan Mission (SBM) in October 2014 for ensuring hygiene, waste management and sanitation across the nation. SBM consists of two sub-missions: The Swachh Bharat Mission-Gramin (SBM-G) which is being implemented in rural areas by the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation (M/o DWS) and The Swachh Bharat Mission - Urban which is being implemented in urban areas by the Ministry of Urban Development (M/o UD).

Objectives of the Swachh Bharat Mission - Urban

  1. Elimination of open defecation
  2. Eradication of Manual Scavenging
  3. Modern and Scientific Municipal Waste Management
  4. To effect behavioral change regarding healthy sanitation practices
  5. Generate awareness about sanitation and its linkage with public health
  6. Capacity Augmentation for ULB’s
  7. To create an enabling environment for private sector participation in Capex (capital expenditure) and Opex (operation and maintenance)

Objectives of the Swachh Bharat Mission - Gramin

  1. Bring about an improvement in the general quality of life in the rural areas, by promoting cleanliness, hygiene and eliminating open defecation.
  2. Accelerate sanitation coverage in rural areas to achieve the vision of Swachh Bharat by 2nd October 2019.
  3. Motivate Communities and Panchayati Raj Institutions to adopt sustainable sanitation practices and facilities through awareness creation and health education.
  4. Encourage cost effective and appropriate technologies for ecologically safe and sustainable sanitation.
  5. Develop where required, Community managed sanitation systems focusing on scientific Solid & Liquid Waste Management systems for overall cleanliness in the rural areas.

Duration of the mission

The Mission will be in force till 2nd October 2019




Share this page on    

Follow us on    

SuSanA Partners  currently 327 partners

Show all partners »

Sanitation events

SuSanA newsmail

Stay informed about the activities of SuSanA and its partners. The SuSanA newsmail is sent out around four times per year. It contains information about news, events, new partners, projects, discussions and publications of the SuSanA network.

Subscribe to newsmail »

Latest tweets mentioning SuSanA

Tweets mentioning SuSanA »

25th SuSanA Meeting in Brasilia!

We are happy to announce that the 25th SuSanA meeting will take place prior to the World Water Forum in Brasilia, Brazil and is tentatively scheduled on 17th March 2017. Book your calenders!  SuSanA encourages and welcomes interested organisations and sanitation enthusiasts from Latin America and beyond to get in touch with the SuSanA Secretariat (info@susana.org)!

More information can be found on the meeting page »

SuSanA meetings





Resources and publications

Our library has more than 2300 publications, factsheets, presentations, drawings etc. from many different organisations. It continues to grow thanks to the contributions from our partners.

Add item to library »

The three links below take you to special groups of items in the library for more convenient access:


The project database contains nearly 400 sanitation projects of many different organizations dealing with research, implementation, advocacy, capacity development etc. Advanced filtering functions and a global map are also available. Information on how and why this database was created is here.

People working for SuSanA partners can add their own projects through their partner profile page. You might need your SuSanA login upgraded for this purpose. Please contact us if you would like to add a project.

Trainings, conference and events materials

Missed important conferences or courses? Catch up by using their materials for self study. These materials have been kindly provided by SuSanA partners.

Regional chapters

Use the map or the search tool to access the most relevant information and knowledge products for your region or country. This includes relevant resources, events, partners or projects.

Shit flow diagrams (SFDs), excreta flow diagrams

Shit flow diagrams (SFDs) help to visualize excreta management in urban settings. Access SFDs and more through the SFD Portal.




Discussion forum

Share knowledge, exchange experiences, discuss challenges, make announcements, ask questions and more. Hint: Your discussion forum login is the same as your SuSanA login. More about the forum's philosophy »

Integrated content

We are hosting content from some other communities of practice and information-sharing portals. This section also provides a link to SuSanA's Sanitation Wikipedia initiative.

Suggest content to add »

SuSanA partners

Learn more about current SuSanA partners, and sign up to become a partner organisation (if your organisation is eligible). This way you can show your support for SuSanA's vision and fully utilise the platform's functionalities. See FAQs for more details.

Apply to become a partner »

Individual membership

Register as an individual member of SuSanA free of charge. As a member you can interact with thousands of sanitation enthusiasts on the discussion forum.  You can also get engaged in one of our 13 working groups and our regional chapters. Our FAQs explain the benefits further.

By getting a SuSanA login you can fully participate in the SuSanA community!

Register as a member


Forgot your password?