Faecal Sludge Management - Small Towns Project (Bangladesh)

2017 - 2020 • WaterAid


A municipality-led approach to mitigate the FSM challenges of small towns in two municipalities in Bangladesh. Research and technology development on the treatment and re-use of human and solid waste as an organic co-composting products.


Bangladesh has achieved remarkable success in reducing the open defecation rate from 34 percent in 1990 to one percent in 2015. The increase in sanitation coverage using septic tanks and pit latrines over last two decades means sludge volume from waste water discharge has increased. The reliance on on-site sanitation without any proper treatment options for faecal sludge leads to open dumping of human and other waste on a massive scale. This poses a national environmental and public health threat, as well as a missed economic opportunity. Due to rapid urbanization, the municipalities and towns are growing fast in Bangladesh amidst numerous problems including second generation sanitation challenges.

WaterAid is conducting pioneering research and technology development on treatment and reuse of human and solid waste as organic co-composting product. One of the successful FSM plants (Co compost plant) has been operated under the supervision of WaterAid.

A municipality led approach will be followed to mitigate the FSM challenge of the town to promote sustainable and safe collection and transportation of human and municipal waste services including scale up environmentally friendly faecal sludge treatment technology to convert municipal waste to resources.

WaterAid Bangladesh intends to work in two municipalities with two (2) existing local NGOs e.g. BASA and SKS Foundation in Sakhipur and Saidpur municipalities Tangail and Nilphamary districts.

Activities include:

1) Event organised for capacity building of duty bearers on FSM

2) FSM plant established for demonstration

3) Event organised for sector actor capacity building

4) Event organised for communities on safe management of faecal sludge and solid waste

5) Business plan for FSM developed


Detailed location of main activity  Countries of activity


Project objectives include:

1. Enhance capacity of the small municipality to mitigate second generation sanitation challenges.
2. Establish FSM strategy of the town and ensure the service for the poor and marginalized community of the town.
3. Develop a sustainable business plan through private entrepreneurship in different stage of sanitation value chain.
4. Municipality led FSM and operation.
5. Role of FSM/co-composting recognised in national policies and regulation

Contact information

Connie Benjamin
Login to see the e-mail-adress of the contact person.


United Kingdom

International NGO focused on water, sanitation and hygiene in low-income countries

view profile page

Share this page on    

Follow us on    

SuSanA Partners currently 319 partners

Sanitation events

SuSanA newsmail

Stay informed about the activities of SuSanA and its partners. The SuSanA news mail is sent out around four times per year and contains information about news, events, new partners, projects, discussions and publications of the SuSanA network.

SuSanA partners are welcome to send us news items for inclusion in the SuSanA news mails.

Archived news »

Latest tweets mentioning SuSanA

  • 15-12-2017 16:31William M'Mugendi:
    RT @susana_org: SuSanA will be hosting a webinar on the role of #Ghana's private sector in the achievement of sustainable #sanitation. Visi? »
  • 15-12-2017 15:43KM Delivery:
    RT @susana_org: SuSanA will be hosting a webinar on the role of #Ghana's private sector in the achievement of sustainable #sanitation. Visi? »
  • 15-12-2017 14:47SuSanA:
    SuSanA will be hosting a webinar on the role of #Ghana's private sector in the achievement of sustainable? »
  • 15-12-2017 13:55SFD PI:
    Last day to submit your #SFD with extra support! Hurry up and send us your SFD by today!!! #Sanitation #SDG6 For mo? »
  • 15-12-2017 13:53SuSanA:
    Last chance to submit your #SFD! Whether you are starting from scratch or have already completed it, hurry up and s? »
  • 15-12-2017 10:42Eddy Obot:
    RT @SFD_PI: Only 1 day left to submit your SFD. Let us help you to best understand and visualize the excreta flow in your city or community? »

Tweets mentioning SuSanA »

What's new? We have a Wikipedia Drive for World Toilet Day!

Wikipedia is one of the key global channels for disseminating information about sanitation – so SuSanA is now organizing a major upgrade of the relevant pages. Are you a creative writer, journalist, editor or sanitation expert? Join this important crowd-sourcing event ahead of World Toilet Day (19 November).

More information in press release by SEI »





Resources and publications

Our library has more than 2300 publications, factsheets, presentations, drawings etc. from many different organisations. It continues to grow thanks to the contributions from our partners.

Add item to library »

The three links below take you to special groups of items in the library for more convenient access:


The project database contains nearly 400 sanitation projects of many different organizations dealing with research, implementation, advocacy, capacity development etc. Advanced filtering functions and a global map are also available. Information on how and why this database was created is here.

People working for SuSanA partners can add their own projects through their partner profile page. You might need your SuSanA login upgraded for this purpose. Please contact us if you would like to add a project.

Trainings, conference and events materials

Missed important conferences or courses? Catch up by using their materials for self study. These materials have been kindly provided by SuSanA partners.

Regional chapters

Use the map or the search tool to access the most relevant information and knowledge products for your region or country. This includes relevant resources, events, partners or projects.

Shit flow diagrams (SFDs), excreta flow diagrams

Shit flow diagrams (SFDs) help to visualize excreta management in urban settings. Access SFDs and more through the SFD Portal.




Discussion forum

Share knowledge, exchange experiences, discuss challenges, make announcements, ask questions and more. Hint: Your discussion forum login is the same as your SuSanA login. More about the forum's philosophy »

Integrated content

We are hosting content from some other communities of practice and information-sharing portals. This section also provides a link to SuSanA's Sanitation Wikipedia initiative.

Suggest content to add »

SuSanA partners

Learn more about current SuSanA partners, and sign up to become a partner organisation (if your organisation is eligible). This way you can show your support for SuSanA's vision and fully utilise the platform's functionalities. See FAQs for more details.

Apply to become a partner »

SuSanA meetings

Individual membership

Register as an individual member of SuSanA free of charge. As a member you can interact with thousands of sanitation enthusiasts on the discussion forum.  You can also get engaged in one of our 13 working groups and our regional chapters. Our FAQs explain the benefits further.

By getting a SuSanA login you can fully participate in the SuSanA community!

Register as a member


Forgot your password?